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PHIL 201 (STOLZE). Notes on Massimo Pigliucci , Answers for Aristotle , chapters 16-18 and conclusion. Key Issues in Chapter 16. Religion and Neuroscience Michael Persinger’s “God helmet” Naturalistic vs. S upernaturalistic Explanations of Religious Experience

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phil 201 stolze
PHIL 201 (STOLZE)

Notes on Massimo Pigliucci, Answers for Aristotle, chapters 16-18 and conclusion

key issues in chapter 16
Key Issues in Chapter 16
  • Religion and Neuroscience
  • Michael Persinger’s “God helmet”
  • Naturalistic vs. Supernaturalistic Explanations of Religious Experience
  • Superstition and Lack of Control
  • Superstition Works (p. 240):

“You believe in superstition > You engage in superstitious behavior > This increases your level of self-confidence > This in turn causes you to persist longer at the task > You are therefore more likely to succeed, other things being equal.”

key issues in chapter 17
Key Issues in Chapter 17
  • The Evolution of Religion
  • Three Kinds of Causal Explanation linking Superstition and Religion:
    • Cognitive science
    • Biological
    • Cultural
  • An Analogy with the Evolution of Language (pp. 248-251)
  • Genetic vs. Cultural Evolution of Religion
  • Three Characteristics involved of the Genetic Evolution of Religion:
    • Pattern seeking
    • Agency projection
    • Animism
  • Pigliucci’s Criticism about the Vagueness of “Meme” Theory in Order to Explain the Cultural Evolution of Religion (pp. 259-261)
key issues in chapter 18
Key Issues in Chapter 18
  • Euthyphro’s Dilemma
  • Theological Responses to the Dilemma:
    • Thomas Aquinas
    • Richard Swinburne
    • Robert Merrihew Adams
key issues in the conclusion
Key Issues in the Conclusion
  • Evolutionary psychology and human nature
  • Happiness research
  • Nic Marks and the Happy Planet Index: www.ted.com/talks/nic_marks_the_happy_planet_index.html
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