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PHIL 201 (STOLZE). Notes on Massimo Pigliucci , Answers for Aristotle , chapters 16-18 and conclusion. Key Issues in Chapter 16. Religion and Neuroscience Michael Persinger’s “God helmet” Naturalistic vs. S upernaturalistic Explanations of Religious Experience

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PHIL 201 (STOLZE)

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Phil 201 stolze

PHIL 201 (STOLZE)

Notes on Massimo Pigliucci, Answers for Aristotle, chapters 16-18 and conclusion


Key issues in chapter 16

Key Issues in Chapter 16

  • Religion and Neuroscience

  • Michael Persinger’s “God helmet”

  • Naturalistic vs. Supernaturalistic Explanations of Religious Experience

  • Superstition and Lack of Control

  • Superstition Works (p. 240):

    “You believe in superstition > You engage in superstitious behavior > This increases your level of self-confidence > This in turn causes you to persist longer at the task > You are therefore more likely to succeed, other things being equal.”


Key issues in chapter 17

Key Issues in Chapter 17

  • The Evolution of Religion

  • Three Kinds of Causal Explanation linking Superstition and Religion:

    • Cognitive science

    • Biological

    • Cultural

  • An Analogy with the Evolution of Language (pp. 248-251)

  • Genetic vs. Cultural Evolution of Religion

  • Three Characteristics involved of the Genetic Evolution of Religion:

    • Pattern seeking

    • Agency projection

    • Animism

  • Pigliucci’s Criticism about the Vagueness of “Meme” Theory in Order to Explain the Cultural Evolution of Religion (pp. 259-261)


Key issues in chapter 18

Key Issues in Chapter 18

  • Euthyphro’s Dilemma

  • Theological Responses to the Dilemma:

    • Thomas Aquinas

    • Richard Swinburne

    • Robert Merrihew Adams


Key issues in the conclusion

Key Issues in the Conclusion

  • Evolutionary psychology and human nature

  • Happiness research

  • Nic Marks and the Happy Planet Index: www.ted.com/talks/nic_marks_the_happy_planet_index.html


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