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Psychological Disorders. Chapter 18. A Disorder is…. Behavior or mental process personal suffering interferes with your ability . Ask yourself…. Is it typical? Is it maladaptive ? Is it emotionally uncomfortable? Is it socially unacceptable? . Normal vs abnormal?.

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Presentation Transcript
a disorder is
A Disorder is…
  • Behavior or mental process
  • personal suffering
  • interferes with your ability
ask yourself
Ask yourself…
  • Is it typical?
  • Is it maladaptive?
  • Is it emotionally uncomfortable?
  • Is it socially unacceptable?
normal vs abnormal
Normal vs abnormal?
  • “average” majority
  • Everybody’s expectation
  • culturally biased
homeostasis
Homeostasis
  • Avoid unpleasantness
  • Seek homeostasis, equilibrium
  • Usually works
slide7

SomatoformDisorders

Mood

Disorders

DissociativeDisorders

Schizophrenia

DSM-IV-TR

Anxiety

Disorders

Personality

Disorders

common to identify with one or more… relax

slide8

only

for professionals

to diagnose!!!

anxiety disorders
Anxiety Disorders
  • Generalized *
  • Social Anxiety *
  • claustrophobia
  • hydrophobia
  • agoraphobia
  • panic attack
  • OCD
  • PSD
dissociative disorders
Dissociative Disorders
  • Amnesia *
  • Dissociative Fugue
  • Dissociative Identity Disorder
  • Depersonalization *
somatoform disorders
Somatoform Disorders
  • Hypochondriasis
  • Conversion Disorder *
  • Munchausen Syndrome (proxy)
mood disorders
Mood Disorders
  • Depression
  • Bi-polar Disorder
schizophrenia
Schizophrenia
  • Paranoid Schizophrenic *
  • Disorganized Schizophrenic
  • Catatonic Schizophrenic, catatonic stupor
narcissistic pd
Narcissistic PD
  • Attention-seeking behaviors
  • Needs admiration
  • Lack of empathy
  • Grandiose
  • Self-centered
antisocial pd
Antisocial PD
  • disregard for and violation of the rights of others
  • Age 15/Age 18
  • Aggressiveness
  • Lack of remorse
  • Conning, deceptive
dependent pd
Dependent PD
  • View others as better
  • Seek others to survive
  • Sacrifice self to maintain bonds or relationships
  • Insecure attachment
avoidant pd
Avoidant PD
  • Avoids social interaction
  • Fear of ridicule
  • Sensitive to negative reactions
  • Mistrust
  • Social distancing
  • Linked with bullying
histrionic pd
Histrionic PD
  • Successful
  • Dramatize and exaggerate difficulties
  • Pride of own personality
  • Rapidly shifting emotions
  • Exhibitionist or seductive
obsessive compulsive pd ocd
Obsessive-Compulsive PD (OCD)
  • Obsessive need for cleanliness, order
  • Perfectionism
  • Compulsion to make lists
  • excessive pedantry, rigidness
  • Ritualistic acts
some causes
Some Causes
  • Death of a loved one
  • Divorce/separation
  • Natural disaster
  • Moving
  • Bullying
  • Start/end of school
  • “Stress of Life Changes”
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