Psychological disorders
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Psychological Disorders. Chapter 18. A Disorder is…. Behavior or mental process personal suffering interferes with your ability . Ask yourself…. Is it typical? Is it maladaptive ? Is it emotionally uncomfortable? Is it socially unacceptable? . Normal vs abnormal?.

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Psychological Disorders

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Psychological disorders

Psychological Disorders

Chapter 18


A disorder is

A Disorder is…

  • Behavior or mental process

  • personal suffering

  • interferes with your ability


Ask yourself

Ask yourself…

  • Is it typical?

  • Is it maladaptive?

  • Is it emotionally uncomfortable?

  • Is it socially unacceptable?


Normal vs abnormal

Normal vs abnormal?

  • “average” majority

  • Everybody’s expectation

  • culturally biased


Homeostasis

Homeostasis

  • Avoid unpleasantness

  • Seek homeostasis, equilibrium

  • Usually works


Dsm iv

DSM-IV


Psychological disorders

SomatoformDisorders

Mood

Disorders

DissociativeDisorders

Schizophrenia

DSM-IV-TR

Anxiety

Disorders

Personality

Disorders

common to identify with one or more… relax


Psychological disorders

only

for professionals

to diagnose!!!


Anxiety disorders

Anxiety Disorders

  • Generalized *

  • Social Anxiety *

  • claustrophobia

  • hydrophobia

  • agoraphobia

  • panic attack

  • OCD

  • PSD


Dissociative disorders

Dissociative Disorders

  • Amnesia *

  • Dissociative Fugue

  • Dissociative Identity Disorder

  • Depersonalization *


Somatoform disorders

Somatoform Disorders

  • Hypochondriasis

  • Conversion Disorder *

  • Munchausen Syndrome (proxy)


Mood disorders

Mood Disorders

  • Depression

  • Bi-polar Disorder


Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia

  • Paranoid Schizophrenic *

  • Disorganized Schizophrenic

  • Catatonic Schizophrenic, catatonic stupor


Personality disorders

Personality Disorders


Narcissistic pd

Narcissistic PD

  • Attention-seeking behaviors

  • Needs admiration

  • Lack of empathy

  • Grandiose

  • Self-centered


Antisocial pd

Antisocial PD

  • disregard for and violation of the rights of others

  • Age 15/Age 18

  • Aggressiveness

  • Lack of remorse

  • Conning, deceptive


Dependent pd

Dependent PD

  • View others as better

  • Seek others to survive

  • Sacrifice self to maintain bonds or relationships

  • Insecure attachment


Avoidant pd

Avoidant PD

  • Avoids social interaction

  • Fear of ridicule

  • Sensitive to negative reactions

  • Mistrust

  • Social distancing

  • Linked with bullying


Histrionic pd

Histrionic PD

  • Successful

  • Dramatize and exaggerate difficulties

  • Pride of own personality

  • Rapidly shifting emotions

  • Exhibitionist or seductive


Obsessive compulsive pd ocd

Obsessive-Compulsive PD (OCD)

  • Obsessive need for cleanliness, order

  • Perfectionism

  • Compulsion to make lists

  • excessive pedantry, rigidness

  • Ritualistic acts


Some causes

Some Causes

  • Death of a loved one

  • Divorce/separation

  • Natural disaster

  • Moving

  • Bullying

  • Start/end of school

  • “Stress of Life Changes”


Enough for now

Enough for now?


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