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FutureGen Initiative Pathway to Near-Zero Emissions. Federal Laboratory Consortium Mid-Atlantic Regional Meeting Rocky Gap, MD September 20, 2006. Thomas A. Sarkus, FutureGen Project Director National Energy Technology Laboratory. U.S. Affluence. UK. Qatar. Mexico. Bahrain. Peru.

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Futuregen initiative pathway to near zero emissions

FutureGen InitiativePathway to Near-Zero Emissions

Federal Laboratory Consortium Mid-Atlantic Regional Meeting

Rocky Gap, MD

September 20, 2006

Thomas A. Sarkus, FutureGen Project Director

National Energy Technology Laboratory


Energy quality of life poverty reduces global security

U.S.

Affluence

UK

Qatar

Mexico

Bahrain

Peru

GDP per Capita

($ / person / yr)

South Africa

Congo

Bulgaria

Eritrea

Poverty

Annual Energy Consumption per Capita

(kgoe / person / yr)

Energy = Quality of Life Poverty Reduces Global Security

World Resources Institute Database, accessed June 1, 2005

http://earthtrends.wri.org/searchable_db/


Coal use linked to economic growth

Coal-fired generation and GDP have grownat nearly the exact same pace over last 30 years

Coal Use Linked to Economic Growth

GDP

Coal-Fired

Generation

Electricity

Generation

Total Energy

Consumption

GDP: U.S. DOC, Bureau of Economic Analysis

Energy & Electricity: EIA, Annual Energy Review 2003


Coal use translates to reliable affordable electricity

<6.5¢

6.6¢ - 8.9¢

>9¢

Hydro

Coal Use Translates to Reliable, Affordable Electricity

9.8¢

2%

5.8¢

4%

5.6

94%

6.6¢

56%

11.9¢

11%

6.2¢

69%

6.3¢

1%

7.1¢

79%

4.9¢

0%

6.5¢

6%

7.2¢

56%

5.1¢

95%

8.0¢

54%

6.3¢

77%

5.4¢

66%

6.8¢

86%

8.3¢

53%

5.7¢

94%

6.6¢

44%

5.2¢

98%

5.7¢

95%

6.5¢

46%

7.3¢

74%

10.6¢

1%

6.3¢

84%

5.7¢

83%

7.1¢

57%

4.6¢ 90%

6.1¢ 68%

55%

6.4¢

47%

NH12.1¢ 9%

RI11.1¢ 0%

CT11.6¢12%

NJ 9.8¢14%

MA11.6¢25%

VT11.1¢ 0%

DE 7.0¢74%

MD 7.2¢51%

5.7¢

45%

7.5¢

41%

7.2¢

88%

6.9¢

68%

5.9¢

56%

7.0¢

37%

¢ = Average Retail Price Per Kilowatt Hour

% = Percent of Total Generation From Coal

8.1¢

39%

7.1¢

22%

8.6¢

29%

11.3¢

10%

16.7¢

15%

DOE/EIA Table 5.6B, 2005 data, average retail price of electricity

Tables 1.6.A and 1.7.A, percent of total generation from coal

Updated August 2006


Air emission trends and projections annual u s air emissions and coal use

Air Emission Trends and ProjectionsAnnual U.S. Air Emissions and Coal Use

Coal Use

Coal Use, NOx and SO2 Emissions

(Index: 1970 = 1)

Mercury Emissions (tons)

Mercury

NOx

SO2

Historical data (1970–2000): Coal consumption and electricity generation per DOE EIA, AER 2003

NOx and SO2 per EPA Air Trends Report: http://www.epa.gov/air/airtrenda/econ-emissions.html

Projected data (2003–2020): Coal consumption and electricity generation per DOE EIA, AEO 2005

NOx and SO2 per EPA projections under CAIR: http://www.epa.gov/interstateairquality/charts.html

Mercury per EPA Clean Air Mercury Rule


Evolution of coal fired power plants

Evolution of Coal-Fired Power Plants


Futuregen initiative pathway to near zero emissions

FutureGen Objectives

World’s first near zero-emission,

coal-based power plant to:

  • Pioneer advanced hydrogen production from coal

  • Emit virtually no air pollutants

  • Capture and permanently sequester carbon dioxide

  • Integrate operations at full-scale – a key step to proving feasibility


Futuregen concept

Geological Sequestration

FutureGen Concept

CO2


Futuregen will build upon experience from commercial scale coal based igcc power plants

FutureGen Will Build Upon Experience from Commercial-Scale Coal-Based IGCC Power Plants

Wabash River

  • W. Terre Haute, IN

  • Operations began 11/95

  • 1996 Powerplant Award

  • 296 MWe (gross); 262 MWe (net)

    Tampa Electric

  • Mulberry, FL

  • Operations began 9/96

  • 1997 Powerplant Award

  • 315 MWe (gross); 250 MWe (net)


Futuregen will build on two non integrated one million tpy co 2 sequestration projects

FutureGen Will Build on Two Non-Integrated One Million TPY CO2 Sequestration Projects

Weyburn CO2 EOR Project

  • Pan Canadian Resources

  • 200-mile CO2 pipeline from Dakota Gasification Plant

  • Enhanced Oil Recovery in Canada over 20 years

    Sleipner North Sea Project

  • Statoil

  • CO2 sequestered (1996-2000)

  • Currently monitoring CO2 migration

  • Separates CO2 from natural gas

  • $36–50 / tonne CO2 tax


Geologic carbon sequestration

Geologic Carbon Sequestration

  • Thousands of Years of Storage Capacity

    • Coal Seams and Shales: ~ 18 GT

    • Oil and Gas Reservoirs: ~27 GT

    • Saline Formations: ~6,700 GT

  • Value Added Products in Potential Sinks

    • Oil: 16 billion barrels of oil during sequestration in favorable fields

    • Coal Seams: 126 TCF CBM during sequestration in unmineable coal seams

  • Carbon Sequestration Atlas for the U.S.

    • NATCARB & Regional Atlases Available Online

    • www.natcarb.org


Cutting edge candidate r d technologies for futuregen

Cutting-Edge Candidate R&D Technologies for FutureGen

Traditional TechnologyResearch Invention Examples

Commercial Gasifier      Advanced Transport Reactor

Cryogenic Air Separation     O2 Membranes

Gas Stream Clean-Up     Raw Gas Shift Reactor

Amine Scrubbers      H2 Membranes, “Clathrate” CO2

Syngas Turbine      Ultra-Low NOx Hydrogen Turbine

Fuel Cell ($4,000/kW)      SECA Fuel Cell ($400/kW Design)

EOR Based        Sequestration Technology

Plant Controls      “Smart” Dynamic Plant Controls & CO2 Management Systems

System Integration      “First of a Kind” System Integration


Futuregen industrial alliance inc signed cooperative agreement with doe on dec 2 2005

American Electric Power

AngloAmerican

BHP Billiton

China Huaneng Group

CONSOL Energy

Foundation Coal

Peabody Energy

PPL

Rio Tinto Energy America

Southern Company

FutureGen Industrial Alliance, Inc.Signed Cooperative Agreement with DOE on Dec. 2, 2005


Futuregen initiative pathway to near zero emissions

BP- 4

BP- 5

BP- 0

BP- 1

BP- 2

BP- 3

FutureGen Project Schedule

Siting, NEPA, and Permitting

Project

Structuring

&

Conceptual

Design

Final Design

Facilities Construction

Preliminary

Design

Plant

Start-Up

&

Shakedown

Phase 2

Cooperative

Agreement

Negotiations

Initial Full Scale Plant Operations

Full Scale Plant Operation Continues

NEPA ROD

July 2007

Site Monitoring

Limited

Cooperative

Agreement

Awarded

Full Scope

Cooperative

Agreement

Awarded

Final Site Selection

Long Lead Time Orders

September, 2007

Construction Start

July 2009

Operations Start

July 2012

Jan 31, 2007

July 2016

July 2018

January 2008

Dec. 2, 2005


Futuregen funds estimated costs

FutureGen Funds / Estimated Costs

DOE

Industry

International

620

250

80


Futuregen status

FutureGen Status

  • Industry-led cooperative project with government oversight & international participation

  • Industry will choose project site, backbone technologies, etc.

  • DOE has invited other nations to join FutureGen

  • Gov’ts of India & South Korea have each pledged $10 Million

Tuscola

Mattoon

Illinois

Odessa

Brazos

Texas


Carbon sequestration leadership forum

Forum for planning international multi-lateral sequestration projects including FutureGen

Ministerial-level representatives

Charter for R&D cooperation signed June 25, 2003

Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Denmark, European Commission, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, United Kingdom & United States

Benefits of international Involvement in Future Gen

Enrich intellectual talent pool

Maximize global applicability and acceptance

Leverage funds

Help build consensus on climate change

Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum


Questions discussion

Questions/Discussion


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