Subjective well-being, eudemonic well-being and perception of self and others Marie-Claire Ellsmore, RoseAnne Misajon & Tom Whelan Monash University, Melbourne. Subjective well-being and eudemonic well-being: complementary constructs.
Subjective well-being, eudemonic well-being and perception of self and others
Marie-Claire Ellsmore, RoseAnne Misajon & Tom Whelan
Monash University, Melbourne
Subjective well-being and eudemonic of self and others
Well-being and positively biased self-perception of self and others
(e.g., Cummins, Lau & Davern, in press; Ryff, 1989)
Aims of research of self and others
1. Clarify relationships between positively biased self-perception, SWB and EWB
1.a.Curvilinear relationship between positively biased self-perception and EWB?
2. Explore relationships between other-perception, SWB and EWB
3.Explore impact of other-perception on a social comparison measure of positively biased self-perception
(∑Self positive -∑Other positive)
(∑Other negative -∑Self negative)
∑Self positive ratings -∑Self negative ratings
∑Other positive ratings - ∑Other negative ratings
1.Self-ratings on the 16 personality descriptors
2.Personal Wellbeing Index
3.Ratings of others on the 16 personality descriptors
4.Short Index of Self-Actualization
5. Revised Philosophies of Human Nature Scale
6. Demographic information
r = .05, p = ns
r = .07, p = ns
r = .50, p < .001
p <.0001), none of the other demographic or procedural variables (i.e., questionnaire format or rating order) significantly correlated with the variables of interest
1. A sequential polynomial regression found no evidence of the hypothesised curvilinear (quadratic) relationship between positively biased self-perception and EWB
2. The sequential regression of age, trust and cynicism onto SWB found trust and cynicism predicted approx. 21% of variance in SWB
(sr² = .21, p < .001);trust positively, and cynicism negatively correlating with greater SWB
3. The sequential regression of age, trust and cynicism onto EWB found trust and cynicism predicted approx. 7% of variance in EWB
(sr² = .07, p < .01);trust positively, and cynicism negatively correlating with greater EWB
4. The sequential regression of age, trust and cynicism onto positively biased self-perception found trust and cynicism predicted approx. 12% of variance in positively biased self-perception
(sr² = .12, p < .001);trust negatively and cynicism positively correlating with positive bias in self-perception
Baumeister, R. F. (1989). The optimal margin of illusion. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 8(2), 176-189.
Baumeister, R. F., & Twenge, J. M. (2003). The social self. Retrieved Jun-7-2007, from http://www.mrw.interscience.wiley.com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/hop/hop_contents_fs.html
Boyd-Wilson, B. M., McClure, J., & Walkey, F. H. (2004). Are wellbeing and illusory perceptions linked? The answer may be yes, but ... Australian Journal of Psychology, 56(1), 1-9.
Boyd-Wilson, B. M., Walkey, F. H., & McClure, J. (2002). Present and correct: We kid ourselves less when we live in the moment. Personality and Individual Differences, 22, 691-702.
Cummins, R. A., Lau, A. L. D., & Davern, M. (Eds.). (in press). Homeostatic mechanisms and subjective wellbeing. New York: Springer.
Cummins, R. A., & Nistico, H. (2002). Maintaining life satisfaction: The role of positive cognitive bias. Journal of Happiness Studies, 3, 37-69.
Festinger, L. (1954). A theory of social comparison processes. Human Relations, 7, 117-140.
Fujita, F., & Diener, E. (2005). Life satisfaction set point: Stability and change. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(1), 158-164.
International Wellbeing Group. (2006). Personal Wellbeing Index: 4th Edition. Melbourne: Australian Centre on Quality of Life, Deakin University.
Jones, A., & Crandall, R. (1986). Validation of a short index of self-actualization. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 12(1), 63-73.
Kwan, V. S. K., John, O. P., Kenny, D. A., Bond, M. H., & Robins, R. W. (2004). Reconceptualizing individual differences in self-enhancement bias: An interpersonal approach. Psychological Review, 111(1), 94-110.
Mikulincer, M., & Horesh, N. (1999). Adult attachment style and perception of others: The role of projective mechanisms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76(6), 1022-1034.
Mussweiler, T. (2003). Comparison processes in social judgment: Mechanisms and consequences. Psychological Review, 110(3), 472-489.
Reis, H. T., Sheldon, K. M., Gable, S. L., Roscoe, J., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). Daily well-being: The role of autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26(4), 419-435.
Robinson, J. P., Shaver, P. R., & Wrightsman, L. S. (1991). Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes (Vol. 1). New York: Academic Press.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2001). On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 141-166.
Ryff, C. D. (1989a). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 1069-1081.
Sacco, W. P. (1999). A social-cognitive model of interpersonal processes in depression. In T. Joiner & J. C. Coyne (Eds.), The interactional nature of depression: Advances in interpersonal approaches (pp. 329-362). Washington: American Psychological Association.
Sirgy, M. J., Michalos, A. C., Ferriss, A. L., Easterlin, R. A., Patrick, D., & Pavot, W. (2006). The quality-of-life (QOL) research movement: Past, present, and future. Social Indicators Research, 76, 343-466.
Taylor, S. E., Lerner, J. S., Sherman, D. K., Sage, R. M., & McDowell, N. K. (2003). Portrait of a self-enhancer: Well adjusted and well liked or maladjusted and friendless? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(1), 165-176.
Waterman, A. S. (1993). Two conceptions of happiness: Contrasts of personal expressiveness (eudaimonia) and hedonic enjoyment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64(4), 678-691.