Chapter 7 water and atmospheric moisture
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Chapter 7 Water and Atmospheric Moisture. Water and Atmospheric Moisture. Water on Earth   Unique Properties of Water   Humidity   Atmospheric Stability   Clouds and Fog  . Water on Earth  . Worldwide equilibrium Distribution of Earth’s water today  . Land and Water Hemispheres.

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Chapter 7 Water and Atmospheric Moisture

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Chapter 7 water and atmospheric moisture

Chapter 7Water and Atmospheric Moisture


Water and atmospheric moisture

Water and Atmospheric Moisture

  • Water on Earth  

  • Unique Properties of Water  

  • Humidity  

  • Atmospheric Stability  

  • Clouds and Fog  


Water on earth

Water on Earth  

  • Worldwide equilibrium

  • Distribution of Earth’s water today  


Land and water hemispheres

Land and Water Hemispheres

Figure 7.2


Ocean and freshwater distribution

Ocean and Freshwater Distribution

Figure 7.3


Unique properties of water

Unique Properties of Water  

  • Heat properties 

    • Phase change

    • Sublimation

    • Latent heat 

      • Vaporization

      • Condensation

  • Heat properties of water in nature  

    • Latent heat of sublimation


Three states of water

Three States of Water

Figure 7.5


Uniqueness of ice forms

Uniqueness of Ice Forms

Figure 7.6


Phase changes

Phase Changes

Figure 7.7


Humidity

Humidity

  • Relative humidity  

    • Saturation

    • Dew point

  • Expressions of relative humidity  

    • Vapor pressure

    • Specific humidity

  • Instruments


Relative humidity

Relative Humidity

Figure 7.8


Water vapor in the atmosphere

Water Vapor in the Atmosphere

Figure 7.10


Water vapor in the atmosphere1

Water Vapor in the Atmosphere

Figure 7.10


Humidity patterns

Humidity Patterns

Figure 7.11


Saturation vapor pressure

Saturation Vapor Pressure

Figure 7.12


Maximum specific humidity

Maximum Specific Humidity

Figure 7.13


Humidity instruments

Humidity Instruments

Figure 7.14


Atmospheric stability

Atmospheric Stability  

  • Adiabatic processes  

  • Stable and unstable atmospheric conditions  


Buoyancy and gravity

Buoyancy and Gravity

Figure 7.15


Adiabatic processes

Adiabatic Processes

Figure 7.17


Adiabatic cooling

Adiabatic Cooling

Figure 7.17


Adiabatic heating

Adiabatic Heating

Figure 7.17


Adiabatic processes1

Adiabatic Processes  

  • Dry adiabatic rate

    • 10 C°/1000 m

    • 5.5 F°/1000 ft

  • Moist adiabatic rate

    • 6 C°/1000 m

    • 3.3 F°/1000 ft


Atmospheric temperatures and stability

Atmospheric Temperatures and Stability

Figure 7.18


Three examples of stability

 Three Examples of Stability

Figure 7.19


Clouds and fog

Clouds and Fog

  • Cloud Formation Processes  

  • Cloud Types and Identification  

  • Fog  


Cloud formation processes

Cloud Formation Processes  

  • Moisture droplet

  • Cloud-condensation nuclei


Moisture droplets

Moisture Droplets

Figure 7.20


Raindrop and snowflake formation

Raindrop and Snowflake Formation

Figure 7.21


Cloud types and identification

Cloud Types and Identification  

Figure 7.22


Cirrus

Cirrus

Figure 7.22


Cirrostratus

Cirrostratus

Figure 7.22


Altocumulus

Altocumulus

Figure 7.22


Altostratus

Altostratus

Figure 7.22


Nimbostratus

Nimbostratus

Figure 7.22


Stratus

Stratus

Figure 7.22


Cumulus

Cumulus

Figure 7.22


Cumulonimbus

Cumulonimbus

Figure 7.22


Cumulonimbus development

Cumulonimbus Development

Figure 7.23


Chapter 7 water and atmospheric moisture

Fog  

  • Advection fog

  • Evaporation fog

  • Upslope fog

  • Valley fog

  • Radiation fog


Advection fog

Advection Fog

Figure 7.24


Evaporation fog

Evaporation Fog

Figure 7.25


Valley fog

Valley Fog

Figure 7.25

Figure 7.26


Evaporation and radiation fog

Evaporation and Radiation Fog

Figure 7.28


Radiation fog

Radiation Fog

Figure 7.27


End of chapter 7

End of Chapter 7

Geosystems 7e

An Introduction to Physical Geography


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