This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 18

# Types of Functions, Rates of Change PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Types of Functions, Rates of Change. Lesson 1.4. Constant Functions. Consider the table of ordered pairs The dependent variable is the same It is constant The graph is a horizontal line. Linear Function. Can be represented by Where a and b are constants See Geogebra example.

Types of Functions, Rates of Change

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

## Types of Functions, Rates of Change

Lesson 1.4

### Constant Functions

• Consider the table of ordered pairs

• The dependent variable is the same

• It is constant

• The graph is a horizontal line

### Linear Function

• Can be represented by

• Where a and b are constants

• See Geogebra example

### Slope and Y-Intercept

• Considering y = m * x + b

• The b is the y-intercept

• Where on the y-axis, the line intersects

• Go to Y= screen

• Enter at Y1 (2/3) * x + 5

• Predict what the graph will look like before you specify F2, 6 for standard zoom

### Family of Linear Functions

• Slope = Rate of Change

y=3x + 5

• Slope = m = 3

• y-intercept = b = 5

### Slope and Y-Intercept

• The function y = (2/3) * x + 5

• Slope = 2/3 (up to the right)

• Y-intercept = 5

### Linear Functions

• Consider this set ofordered pairs

• If we plot the pointsand join them wesee they lie in aline

6

3

### Rate of Change

• Given function y = 3x + 5

### Rate of Change

• Try calculating for differentpairs of (x, y) points

• You should discover that the rate of change is constant … in this case, 3

### Slope

• When slope =

• Try y = -7x – 3(predict the results before you graph)

### Family of Linear Functions

• Calculating slope with two ordered pairs

(X2, Y2)

(X1, Y1)

Given two ordered pairs, (7,5) and (-3,12). What is the slope of the line through these two points?

You may need to specify the beginning x value and the increment

### Rate of Change

• Consider the function

• Enter into Y= screen of calculator

• View tables on calculator (♦ Y)

### Rate of Change

• As before, determine therate of change fordifferent sets of orderedpairs

### Rate of Change (NOT a constant)

• You should find that the rate of change is changing – NOT a constant.

• Contrast to thefirst functiony = 3x + 5

### Function Defined by a Table

• Consider the two functions defined by the table

• The independent variable is the year.

• Predict whether or not the rate of change is constant

• Determine the average rate of change for various pairs of (year, sales) values

### Warning

• Not all functions which appear linear will actually be linear!!

• Consider the set of ordered pairs

• Graph them

• Decide whether graphis linear

• Check slope for differentpairs