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Sentence Review. What every sentence needs Parts of a sentence Types of sentences. Every sentence must…. Begin with a capital letter. Contain a verb. End with a . ! or ?. Subjects Tells who or what the sentence is about. Contains the noun of the sentence. Usually comes first.

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Sentence review

Sentence Review

What every sentence needs

Parts of a sentence

Types of sentences


Every sentence must
Every sentence must…

  • Begin with a capital letter.

  • Contain a verb.

  • End with a . ! or ?


Parts of a sentence

Subjects

Tells who or what the sentence is about.

Contains the noun of the sentence.

Usually comes first.

Predicates

Tells what the subject of the sentence does or is being.

Always contains a verb.

Usually comes after the subject.

Parts of a Sentence

Sentences usually have two parts,

a subject and a predicate.


Simple and complete subjects

Complete Subjects

Complete subjects include the noun and all of the words

describing the noun.

Ex. The tiny red bird built a nest in the tree.

The fourth grade students studied hard for their test.

Simple and Complete Subjects

Simple Subjects

Simple subjects are only the noun in the subject.

Ex. The tiny red bird built a nest in the tree.

The fourth grade students studied hard for their test.


Simple and complete predicates

Complete Predicates

Complete predicates include the verb and all of the

words describing the verb.

Ex. The tiny red bird built a nest in the tree.

The fourth grade students studied hard for their test.

Simple and Complete Predicates

Simple Predicates

Simple predicates are only the verb in the predicate.

Ex. The tiny red bird built a nest in the tree.

The fourth grade students studied hard for their test.


Compound subjects
Compound Subjects

Compound subjects are two or more subjects joined together by a conjunction to create one subject.

Examples

  • Braden played basketball at recess.

  • Josie played basketball at recess.

  • Braden and Josie played basketball at recess.

  • Pancakes are good for breakfast.

  • Waffles are good for breakfast.

  • Pancakes or waffles are good for breakfast.


Compound predicates
Compound Predicates

Compound predicates are two or more predicates joined together by a conjunction to create one predicate.

Examples

  • Braden played basketball at recess.

  • Braden ran the track at recess.

  • Braden played basketball and ran the track at recess.

  • The dog chased the car.

  • The dog barked at the car.

  • The dog chased and barked at the car.


The four kinds of sentences

!

.

?

The Four Kinds of Sentences

  • Declarative (telling)

  • Interrogative (question)

  • Exclamatory (exclamation)

  • Imperative (command)


Declarative sentences
Declarative Sentences

  • A declarative sentence…

  • is also called a statement.

  • states or tells information.

  • always ends with a period.

  • Examples of Declarative Sentences

  • We will have a great year.

  • Winding Creek is the best school there is.


Interrogative sentences
Interrogative Sentences

  • An interrogative sentence…

  • is also called a question.

  • asks a question.

  • always ends with a question mark.

  • Examples of Interrogative Sentences

  • What did you do this summer?

  • Which type of book do you like the best?


Exclamatory sentences
Exclamatory Sentences

  • An exclamatory sentence…

  • is also called an exclamation.

  • expresses strong emotion.

  • always ends with an exclamation point.

  • Examples of Exclamatory Sentences

  • That movie was great!

  • What a beautiful flower!


Imperative sentences
Imperative Sentences

  • An imperative sentence…

  • is also called a command

  • gives an order

  • ends with a period or exclamation point.

  • Examples of Imperative Sentences

  • Please hand me the remote control.

  • Be careful!


Simple and compound sentences

A simple sentence expresses one complete thought.

A compound sentence is two or more complete thoughts joined together with a conjunction to create one sentence.

Simple andCompound Sentences

  • Simple Sentence Examples

  • I would like to go to the store this afternoon.

  • I have a lot of homework to do.

  • Compound Sentence Example

  • I would like to go to the store this afternoon, but I have a lot of

  • homework to do.

Compound sentences are always joined

by a comma then aconjunction.


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