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INTE R N A TI O NAL C O NF E R E N C E. “ T h e o b se r v a n c e of c h il d r e n ’ s rig h t s t o f amily h a b i t a t ion. A n al y sis o f th e e x i s t i n g si tu a t ion in th e R e pub lic of M ol d o v a th r o u gh th e b e s t p r acti c es of o th er c o u n t ries”.

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INTE R N A TI O NAL C O NF E R E N C E

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Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

INTERNATIONALCONFERENCE

“Theobservanceof children’srightstofamilyhabitation.

Analysis of theexistingsituationin theRepublicof Moldovathrough

thebest practicesof other countries”

Chisinau(Moldova),03-05October 2013

Protectionofchildrenwithoutadequate

care inCroatia

DanijelaŽagar and LidijaPetrović,

advisors to the Ombudsperson forChildren

parental


Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

TheRepublic

ofCroatia

Area: 56,594km2

(2011):4.284.889

inhabitants

Population

896.605children(0-19)

*CentralBureau of Statisticsof theRepublicofCroatia(Census 2011)


Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

Ombudspersonfor Children

Croatianmodel

o

autonomous,independent,specialisedOffice,

establishedbytheLawonOmbudsmanfor

Childrenin2003

headofficeinZagrebandthreeregionaloffices

o


Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

The Law on the Ombudsmanfor Children

(OfficialGazette96/2003)

o

The Ombudsman for Childrenprotects,monitorsand promotes

therightsand interestsof childrenin accordancewiththe

Constitutionof the Republicof Croatia,internationaltreatiesand

nationallaws

o

Article13

The Ombudsman for Childrenis entitledto enter the premises

andgain insightinto the mannerof providing careto children

whoare stayingorhave been temporarilyorpermanently

accommodatedwithnaturaland legal personsand otherlegal

entitieson the basisof specific regulations.


Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

CHILDRENIN INSTITUTIONS

3typesofhomesfor children:

homesfor childrenwithoutadequateparental care(25)

homesfor childrenwithbehavioural disorders (12)

homesfor children(andadults)withdisabilities(45)


Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

HOMES FOR CHILDRENWITHOUT

PARENTALCARE

25homesfor children withoutadequateparental care

ADEQUATE

Homesfoundedby thestate

-14homesand7 branches

Homesfoundedby otherfounders

- 2 homes (SOS-villages)

Familyhomes –3 homes (family-based formof care)

6religious communitiesandNGOs

*accordingtotheOfficeofOmbudspersonforChildren’sdataon31 December2012


Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

HOMES FOR CHILDREN WITHOUT ADEQUATE

PARENTALCARE

Numberofchildrenon31December2012:1046childrenandyouth

927(0-18yr)

119(18-21yr)

845children(80,78%)permanentaccommodation

averagelengthofstay:3yearsandmore

*accordingtothe Office ofOmbudsperson forChildren’sdataon 31December 2012


Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

OUROBSERVATIONS

largeinstitutions

largenumberofchildrenin institutions

lengthyperiodofstay

unevendevelopmentoffostercarein differentCroatian

regions

lack ofurbanandspecializedfostercare

inadequatecooperationofsocialwelfarecenterswithfoster

carers

lackofparticipationin makingindividualplansforchildren

lack ofadditionalandcontinuouseducationforfostercarers

returnofchildrenfromfostercaretoinstitutions…..


Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION


Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

Deinstitutionalization,

more

human

natural

stimulating

cheaper

especially

as

foster

care

is

typeof care,whichensures

family-basedform of care.

protectionand life

in


Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

NATIONALPLANONDEINSTITUTIONALIZATIONAND

TRANSFORMATIONOF SOCIALWELFAREHOMES ANDOTHER

TYPESOF LEGALENTITIESPROVIDINGSOCIAL WELFARE

SERVICESIN THEREPUBLIC OF CROATIA 2011-2016

MASTERPLAN

(2018)

-decreaseinstitutionalisedcare

-increasefamily-basedforms of care for childrenand

youth without adequateparental care (foster care, family

homes and livingcommunities)


Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

FINALREMARKS

thesocialwelfare systemiscurrentlyin the processof reform

andreorganisation withthe aimof improvingitssocial

protectionand socialservices

althoughdeinstitutionalisationis crucial,it isclearlya very

slowprocess


Inte r n a ti o nal c o nf e r e n c e

THANKYOUFORYOURATTENTION!

[email protected]

www.dijete.hr


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