Shakespeare Introduction. The Elizabethan Age Elizabeth I became Queen of England in 1558, six years before Shakespeare’s birth. With the naval defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, England was firmly established as a leading military and commercial power in the Western world.
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6. When James died in 1628, his son Charles I ascended to the throne, and tensions wit Parliament and the Crown increased.
7. King Charles I eventually lost a bloody civil war to the Puritans, who executed the King (his son Charles II fled to France).
8. King Charles II reopened the theaters after he returned to England and claimed the throne, but England’s theatrical highpoint had passed.
nickname, Old Dominion because of
its steadfast loyalty during the
English Civil War.
14. An actor himself, Shakespeare played roles in his own plays, usually as older male characters.
15. Acting was not considered an appropriate profession for women in the Elizabethan era, and even into the seventeenth century acting companies consisted of men with young boys playing the female roles.
Elizabethan actors wore lavish costumes consistent with upper-class dress. In contrast, stage scenery was minimal, perhaps consisting solely of painted panels placed upstage.
In 1582, at the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, a woman eight years his senior and three months pregnant.
In 1609, Shakespeare’s sonnets were published, though he did not live to see the First Folio of his plays published in 1623.
Couplets –Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme. Couplets often punctuate a character’s exit or signal the end of a scene.