# Quiz 4 Answers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Quiz 4 Answers. November 8, 2013.

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November 8, 2013

• At the beginning of the year, a pie company has \$P in the bank. During the year it takes in \$A for pie sales. It pays \$B for pie ingredients, and \$C for wages and rent. It pays taxes at t%. At the end of the year, the amount the company has in the bank is:

• P + (A-B-C)t

• (P+A)t – B - C

• P + (A-B-C)(1-t)

• P + A – Bt - Ct

A

A-B-C

B+C

(A-B-C)(1-t)

After-Tax

Analysis

• A pie company, otherwise identical to the pie company in the previous question, also has an oven, purchased 10 years ago, which according to Revenue Canada rules depreciated by \$D during the year. At the end of the year, the amount the company has in the bank is:

• P + (A-B-C-D)t

• (P+A)t – B – C - D

• P + (A-B-C-D)(1-t) + D

• P + A – (B+C+D)t

A

B+C

A-B-C

D

A-B-C-D

(A-B-C-D)(1-t)

(A-B-C-D)(1-t)+D

• Yet a third pie company starts off the year with \$P. It sells \$A in pies, and pays no wages or rent, but it does buys an oven for \$F. If Revenue Canada allows ovens to depreciate at d% per year, at the end of the year, the amount the company has in the bank is:

• P + A(1-t) - F

• P + (A-F)(1-t)

• P +A(1-t) –F(CTF)

• P + (A-Fd/2)(1-t) – F + Fd/2

A

A-Fd/2

Fd/2

(A-Fd/2)(1-t)

(A-Fd/2)(1-t)+Fd/2 - F

F

• A fourth pie company starts the year with \$P and an oven whose undepreciated capital cost (UCC) is \$G. It sells \$A in pies, and pays no wages or rent, but it does sell the oven for \$G. At the end of the year, the amount the company has in the bank is:

• P + A(1-t) + G

• P + A + G(CSF)

• P + A(1-t) + G(CTF)

• P + (A+G)(1-t)

## CCA Recapture

You buy an asset for \$P. It is the only asset in its class, and it depreciates over n years. At the beginning of year n, its book value is UCC(n)

If we now sell it for \$S, then:

1. If S < UCC(n), no tax is owed.

2. If P > S > UCC(n), you owe tax on S-UCC(n)

3. If S > P, you owe tax on P – UCC(n), and

S-P is a capital gain.

A

A

A(1-t)

A (1-t)+G

• A fifth pie company starts the year with \$P and an oven whose undepreciated capital cost (UCC) is \$G. (This oven was originally bought for \$3G.) It sells \$A in pies, and pays no wages or rent, but it does sell the oven for \$2G. At the end of the year, the amount the company has in the bank is:

• P + A(1-t) + 2G

• P + A + 2G(CSF)

• P + A(1-t) + 2G(CSF)

• P + (A+G)(1-t) + G

## CCA Recapture

You buy an asset for \$P. It is the only asset in its class, and it depreciates over n years. At the beginning of year n, its book value is UCC(n)

If we now sell it for \$S, then:

1. If S < UCC(n), no tax is owed.

2. If P > S > UCC(n), you owe tax on S-UCC(n)

3. If S > P, you owe tax on P – UCC(n), and

S-P is a capital gain.

A+G

A+G

(A+G)(1-t)

(A+G) (1-t)+G

• A sixth pie company starts the year with \$P and an oven whose undepreciated capital cost (UCC) is \$G. (This oven was originally bought for \$2G.) It sells \$A in pies, and pays no wages or rent, but it does sell the oven for \$3G. At the end of the year, the amount the company has in the bank is:

• P + A(1-t) + 3G

• P + A + 3G(CSF)

• P + (A+2G)(1-t) + G(1-t/2)

• P + (A+G)(1-t) + G

• ## CCA Recapture

You buy an asset for \$P. It is the only asset in its class, and it depreciates over n years. At the beginning of year n, its book value is UCC(n)

If we now sell it for \$S, then:

1. If S < UCC(n), no tax is owed.

2. If P > S > UCC(n), you owe tax on S-UCC(n)

3. If S > P, you owe tax on P – UCC(n), and

S-P is a capital gain. (Taxed at half the rate for profits)

A+G

A+G

(A+G)(1-t)

(A+G) (1-t)+G+G(1-t/2)

• I have a profitable company, and have just calculated the CTF to be used in after-tax analyses of possible expansion plans. Now I learn that inflation is predicted to be higher than I expected during the coming few years. If I correct my calculations to take inflation into account, the inflation-adjusted CTF will be:

• Higher than the original CTF

• Lower than the original CTF

• Unchanged

• Can’t say without additional information

• I have a profitable company, and have just calculated the CTF to be used in after-tax analyses of possible expansion plans. Now I learn that inflation is predicted to be higher than I expected during the coming few years. If I correct my calculations to take inflation into account, the inflation-adjusted CTF will be:

• Higher than the original CTF

• Lower than the original CTF

• Unchanged

• Can’t say without additional information

• If the taxation rate for a company increases, the value of the CTF for that company will:

• Increase

• Decrease

• Remain the same

• If the taxation rate for a company increases, the value of the CTF for that company will:

• Increase

• Decrease

• Remain the same

• If a company learns that there will be inflation over the next few years, the value of the CTF it uses in its after-tax analyses will:

• Increase

• Decrease

• Remain the same

• If a company learns that there will be inflation over the next few years, the value of the CTF it uses in its after-tax analyses will:

• Increase

• Decrease

• Remain the same

• I have just calculated the IRR for a project, using a pre-tax analysis. If I am taxed at 50%, when I calculate the after-tax IRR, it will be:

• Higher than the pre-tax IRR

• Lower than the pre-tax IRR

• Unchanged

• Can’t say without additional information

• After-tax IRR lower

S

P

S(1-t)

P * CTF

After-tax IRR higher

S

P

S (capital gain)

P * CTF

• I have just calculated the IRR for a project, using a pre-tax analysis. If I am taxed at 50%, when I calculate the after-tax IRR, it will be:

• Higher than the pre-tax IRR

• Lower than the pre-tax IRR

• Unchanged

• Can’t say without additional information