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PASSIVE VOICE. ( PRESENT SIMPLE). the model. the photographer. photographs. The photographer. photographs. the model. the model . The photographer. photographs. subject. Verb. Direct object. ACTIVE VOICE ( the subject performs an action ). SUBJECT. VERB. DIRECT OBJECT.

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Presentation Transcript
passive voice

PASSIVEVOICE

(PRESENT SIMPLE)

slide2

themodel

thephotographer

photographs

Thephotographer

photographs

themodel

slide3

themodel.

Thephotographer

photographs

subject

Verb

Directobject

ACTIVE VOICE

(thesubjectperformsanaction)

slide4

SUBJECT

VERB

DIRECT OBJECT

Thephotographer

photographs

themodel.

Themodel

isphotographed

bythephotographer.

subject

Verb

passiveagent

PASSIVE VOICE

(thesubjectsufferstheaction)

slide5

PASSIVE VOICE RULES

  • Theobjectbecomesthesubject
  • Thesubjectbecomesthepassiveagent
  • Auxiliaryverb “to be” (am, is, are) + mainverbinthepastparticiple
slide6

Whoperformstheactionofkissing?

Thegirlkissestheboy.

ACTIVE VOICE

(thesubjectperformsanaction)

Who “suffers” theaction?

Theboyiskissedbythegirl.

PASSIVE VOICE

(thesubjectsufferstheaction)

slide7

PASSIVE VOICE RULES

(negative)

  • (Thesameexcept for theverb)

Auxiliary verb “to be”

(am, is, are)

+

not

(or -n’t)

+

main verb

in the past participle

Example: Themodelisn’tphotographedbythephotographer.

slide8

PASSIVE VOICE RULES

(interrogative)

  • Auxiliaryverb “to be” (am, is, are) beforethesuject

Examples: Isthemodelphotographedbythephotographer?

Howoftenis a modelphotographedbythephotographer?

slide9

SPECIAL CASES

  • A) Wedon’t use thepassiveagentwhenthesubjectofthe active sentenceis :
  • people, one, someone, somebody, they

B) Whenthesubjectofthe active sentenceis a subjectpronounyoumustchangeit to anequivalentobjectpronoun as thepassiveagent.

slide10

IT’S YOUR TURN NOW

1. Sandra wears fine clothes.

2. I readfashion magazines.

3. Peoplebuy a lotofclotheshere.

4. Lucydoesn’twearskirts.

5. Theyhireyoungmodelshere.

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