Passive voice
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PASSIVE VOICE. ( PRESENT SIMPLE). the model. the photographer. photographs. The photographer. photographs. the model. the model . The photographer. photographs. subject. Verb. Direct object. ACTIVE VOICE ( the subject performs an action ). SUBJECT. VERB. DIRECT OBJECT.

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PASSIVE VOICE

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Passive voice

PASSIVEVOICE

(PRESENT SIMPLE)


Passive voice

themodel

thephotographer

photographs

Thephotographer

photographs

themodel


Passive voice

themodel.

Thephotographer

photographs

subject

Verb

Directobject

ACTIVE VOICE

(thesubjectperformsanaction)


Passive voice

SUBJECT

VERB

DIRECT OBJECT

Thephotographer

photographs

themodel.

Themodel

isphotographed

bythephotographer.

subject

Verb

passiveagent

PASSIVE VOICE

(thesubjectsufferstheaction)


Passive voice

PASSIVE VOICE RULES

  • Theobjectbecomesthesubject

  • Thesubjectbecomesthepassiveagent

  • Auxiliaryverb “to be” (am, is, are) + mainverbinthepastparticiple


Passive voice

Whoperformstheactionofkissing?

Thegirlkissestheboy.

ACTIVE VOICE

(thesubjectperformsanaction)

Who “suffers” theaction?

Theboyiskissedbythegirl.

PASSIVE VOICE

(thesubjectsufferstheaction)


Passive voice

PASSIVE VOICE RULES

(negative)

  • (Thesameexcept for theverb)

Auxiliary verb “to be”

(am, is, are)

+

not

(or -n’t)

+

main verb

in the past participle

Example: Themodelisn’tphotographedbythephotographer.


Passive voice

PASSIVE VOICE RULES

(interrogative)

  • Auxiliaryverb “to be” (am, is, are) beforethesuject

Examples: Isthemodelphotographedbythephotographer?

Howoftenis a modelphotographedbythephotographer?


Passive voice

SPECIAL CASES

  • A) Wedon’t use thepassiveagentwhenthesubjectofthe active sentenceis :

  • people, one, someone, somebody, they

B) Whenthesubjectofthe active sentenceis a subjectpronounyoumustchangeit to anequivalentobjectpronoun as thepassiveagent.


Passive voice

IT’S YOUR TURN NOW

1. Sandra wears fine clothes.

2. I readfashion magazines.

3. Peoplebuy a lotofclotheshere.

4. Lucydoesn’twearskirts.

5. Theyhireyoungmodelshere.


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