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A Job Worth Doing. Module 2. Words & Expressions. 1. satisfy v. 使满意;符合(要求) The program is designed to satisfy the needs of adult learners. This work does not satisfy me. satisfied adj. 满意的,满足的 be satisfied with The manager isn’t satisfied with your answer. satisfying adj. 令人满意的

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1. satisfy v. 使满意;符合(要求)

The program is designed to satisfy the needs of adult learners.

This work does not satisfy me.

satisfied adj.满意的,满足的

be satisfied with

The manager isn’t satisfied with your answer.

satisfying adj.令人满意的

The story had a satisfying ending.

It is satisfying (to do sth)

It can be very satisfying to work in the garden.


2. stress n.压力, 重要性v.强调

Janet's been under a lot of stress since her mother's illness.put/lay stress on

The teacher laid particular stress on the need for discipline.

stressful adj. 充满压力的

Many people complain that their jobs are uninteresting and stressful.


3. account n.账户v.解释,说明 ~for

She could not account for her mistake.

I want you to account for each sum of the money you spent.

accountant n.会计

4. volunteer n. vt. vi.

volunteer for/ to do sth

We all volunteered to paint the house.

He volunteered for military service.


5. respectn. v.

in respect of sth关于…; 就…而言

His essay is fine in respect of information, but the style is dreadful.

他的论文就资料而言非常好,但文体很糟。

with respect to sth涉及﹑ 提到或关于…

This is true with respect to English but not to French.

With respect to your proposal, we are sorry to say that we cannot agree to it.关于你的提议,很抱歉我们无法同意。


6. 常见pass短语

pass away 去世

pass by sb/sth 经过

pass sth down 传递;一代传给下一代

pass through 经历,经过

passer-by 过路人 (复数passers-by)

7. encountern. vt.遇到、遭遇

His first encounter with Wilson was back in 1989.

I first encountered him when studying at Cambridge.


8. qualified adj.有资格的,合格的

be qualified for/as 有…的资格; 适于担任

be qualified to do

He is well qualified for / to do the work.

He is qualified as a president.

He is a qualified scientist.

qualify (sb) for/as (使)(某人)具有…资格

Fluency in three languages qualifies her for work in the European Parliament.


9. take up停车接纳乘客; 占据(时间,空间等);担任,承担(职位); 从事某种职业,研究或学习, 对某事有爱好; 拿走, 拿起, 举起

The bus stopped to take up passengers.

This work will take up a lot of my time

He will take up his new post on October 1.

The scientist has taken up a new subject.


10. apply v.申请,请求

apply to sb for sth 向…申请…

apply sth to sth 将…应用于…

I applied to four universities and was accepted by all of them.

I want to apply for the job.

New technology is being applied to almost every industrial process.

application n.申请; 申请表


11.职业与工作 辨析:job, work, post, position, occupation, profession, career

Your job is the work that you do regularly in order to earn money, especially when you work for a company or public organization:

My last job was with a computer firm.

He finally got a job in a supermarket.


Work is used in a more general way to talk about activities that you do to earn money, either working for a company or for yourself: Will you go back to work when you've had the baby?

I started work when I was 18.

!! Do not say 'what is your job?' or 'what is your work?'.

Say what do you do? or what do you do for a living?


Post and position are more formal words for a job in a company or organization. They are used especially in job advertisements and when you are talking about someone moving to a different job:

This post would suit a recent graduate.

He left last summer for a teaching position in Singapore.


Use occupation to talk about the kind of work that someone usually does, for example if they are a teacher, lawyer, driving instructor etc. Occupation is used mainly on official forms:

State your name, age, and occupation in the box below.

!! Do not use occupation to talk about your own job :

I am an accountant. (NOT My occupation is an accountant).


A professionis a kind of work for which you need special training and a good education, for example teaching, law, or medicine: the legal profession

Your career is the type of work that you do or hope to do for most of your life:

I'm interested in a career in television.

His career is more important to him than his family.


12. require vt.需要、要求、规定

require sth/that/doingbe required to do

require sb to dorequire that sb should do

  • You are required by law to wear a seat belt.

  • Regulations require that students attend at least 90% of the lectures.

  • Most house plants require regular watering.

  • The situation requires that I should be there.

  • The rules require us all to be present.

  • The young seedlings (幼苗) require looking after carefully.

doing

to be done

need/want/require


13. essential adj.必不可少的,基本的

n.必需品;基本要素

be essential for/to

It is essential that/ to do sth

A good diet is essential for everyone.

It is essential that our pilots are given the best possible training.

Sleep and good food are essential to health.


14. demand vt. n.要求, 请求, 需要

demand sth of sb 向…要求/索要

demand that sb should do sth

demand to do

in demand 有需要

one’s demand for sth

She demanded (to know) my business.

I demand that John (should) go there at once.

Teachers are in demand in this area.

The workers' demands for higher pay were refused by the employers.


在具有愿望、请求、建议、命令等主观意愿的动词后的宾语从句中需用虚拟语气。

1.坚持 insist

2.命令 order, command

3.建议 suggest, advise, propose

4.要求 ask, demand, request, require


15. suffer v.遭受,忍受 (感到痛苦或压抑, 遭受损失、伤害、损害或惩罚, 忍受不幸、伤害、痛苦或死亡 )常用suffer from

She's suffering a lot of pain.

She was suffering from a headache.

They are unlikely to suffer much loss of business after 2001.


Bolivia 玻利维亚

【国名】玻利维亚多民族国

【别称】南美洲的帕米尔

【国花】葵花

【国家格言】La Unión es la Fuerza(西班牙语,团结就是力量)


面积】 1098581 平方公里

【人口】 982.8 万( 2007 年)

【语言】西班牙语

【宗教】天主教

【政府、议会所在地】拉巴斯La Paz,人口 120万( 2003 ),海拔高度 3627 米。

【法定首都、最高法院所在地】苏克雷Sucre ,人口 21.6万(2001年)。


Read the passage and match the headings.

The man

The road

The reason why he does it

Part I.

Part II.

Part III.


Translation:

1. On one side the mountains rise steeply; on the other side there is a sheer drop, which in places is hundreds of metres deep.

在路的一边,山体高耸险峻,另一边悬崖陡峭,有些地方足有几百米深。

2. The drop is so great that anyone inside the vehicle is lucky to survive.

悬崖落差如此之大,在掉下去的车里任何一个能活着的乘客都是幸运的。


3. In theory, the road can only be used by traffic going uphill from 8 in the morning, and by traffic coming downhill from 3 in the afternoon. But in practice, few drivers respect the rules.

按理,这条路上从早晨8点开始只准许上山的车通行,下午3点以后下山的车通行。但实际上,几乎没有司机遵守这些规则。


4. Sometimes drivers give him a tip, so that he has just enough money to live on. But often they just pass by, taking the human traffic signal for granted.

有时候一些司机会给他点小费,使他能够维持生活。但是大多数情况下,司机们开着车就过去了,把人体交通标志看作是理所当然的事情。

5. Before he volunteered to direct the traffic, Timoteo had had lots of jobs.

他在志愿指挥交通之前,做过很多工作。


Fill in the blanks. enough money to

Timoteo is a gentle 46-year-old man who lives in a village near the most dangerous part of a road in Bolivia. The road is _____________ because it is in high mountains, which rise steeply, and has __________ on one bend. Anyone who can survive from such a travel is lucky. But ________ Timoteo, the _______ has fallen. Every morning he __________ the bend with a large circular board in his hand, which is red __________ and green __________.

in bad condition

a sheer drop

thanks to

death toll

climbs up to

on one side

on the other


When two vehicles approach ___________ ________, they can’t see each other and situation may be _________. But they can see Timoteo. In this way Timoteo _______ the traffic. How much do you think Timoteo receives from doing it? Nearly nothing. Only a few drivers give him a tip which is just enough for him ________, most of them just _______, because they _______________. Actually Timoteo is a _______, and nobody asks him to do so.

from opposite

directions

dangerous

directs

to live on

pass by

took it for granted

volunteer


1. at high altitude can’t see each other and situation may be _________. But they can see Timoteo. In this way Timoteo _______ the traffic. How much do you think Timoteo receives from doing it? Nearly nothing. Only a few drivers give him a tip which is just enough for him ________, most of them just _______, because they _______________. Actually Timoteo is a _______, and nobody asks him to do so.在高海拔地区

longitude 经度 latitude 纬度 attitude 态度

2. in bad / good / poor condition

on condition that

under … condition/ under the condition of

3. respect / follow / obey the rules

disobey/ break / against the rules

4. live on 继续活着; 以…为食; 靠…生活

He will die,but his fame will live on after him.

He lost his job and lived on credit.

They live chiefly on rice.


5. take it for granted (that) can’t see each other and situation may be _________. But they can see Timoteo. In this way Timoteo _______ the traffic. How much do you think Timoteo receives from doing it? Nearly nothing. Only a few drivers give him a tip which is just enough for him ________, most of them just _______, because they _______________. Actually Timoteo is a _______, and nobody asks him to do so.

take sb/sth for granted

He just took it for granted that he would pass the exam.I take it for granted you have read this book.

6. week in, week out = every week

from dawn till dusk 从早到晚

Every Sunday, week in, week out, she writes to her parents.

There's traffic in the streets from dawn till dusk.


7. cater can’t see each other and situation may be _________. But they can see Timoteo. In this way Timoteo _______ the traffic. How much do you think Timoteo receives from doing it? Nearly nothing. Only a few drivers give him a tip which is just enough for him ________, most of them just _______, because they _______________. Actually Timoteo is a _______, and nobody asks him to do so.

承办 [宴席等的] 酒菜 [服务 (等) ] ,供应酒菜

cater for

Our hotel also caters for weddings and parties.

This is the biggest event we've ever catered for.

提供[娱乐]; 满足[要求],迎合

TV must cater for many different tastes. 电视节目必须迎合各种人的爱好.


动词的过去时态 can’t see each other and situation may be _________. But they can see Timoteo. In this way Timoteo _______ the traffic. How much do you think Timoteo receives from doing it? Nearly nothing. Only a few drivers give him a tip which is just enough for him ________, most of them just _______, because they _______________. Actually Timoteo is a _______, and nobody asks him to do so.


一、过去进行时 can’t see each other and situation may be _________. But they can see Timoteo. In this way Timoteo _______ the traffic. How much do you think Timoteo receives from doing it? Nearly nothing. Only a few drivers give him a tip which is just enough for him ________, most of them just _______, because they _______________. Actually Timoteo is a _______, and nobody asks him to do so.Past Continuous

1. 过去某一时刻正在进行的动作

He was going over the students’ papers at ten yesterday evening.

What were you doing when he came to see you?

2. 过去某段时间内正在进行的动作

They were teaching English in Shanghai last winter.

They were talking while we were watching TV.


3. can’t see each other and situation may be _________. But they can see Timoteo. In this way Timoteo _______ the traffic. How much do you think Timoteo receives from doing it? Nearly nothing. Only a few drivers give him a tip which is just enough for him ________, most of them just _______, because they _______________. Actually Timoteo is a _______, and nobody asks him to do so.表示按计划、安排,过去某时将发生的动作:

They were leaving for London two days later.

John told us he was travelling on the same train with us.

4. 在叙述过去发生的故事时用来描绘故事发生的背景:

One day we were driving on a highway. It was snowing and the wind was blowing strongly.


二、一般过去时用法补充 can’t see each other and situation may be _________. But they can see Timoteo. In this way Timoteo _______ the traffic. How much do you think Timoteo receives from doing it? Nearly nothing. Only a few drivers give him a tip which is just enough for him ________, most of them just _______, because they _______________. Actually Timoteo is a _______, and nobody asks him to do so.Past Simple

1. 用来指现在的事情,一般用thought, didn’t know等动词形式。

I didn’t know you were a teacher.

We thought you were in London.

2. 在时间和条件状语从句中表示过去预计将要发生的事情:

Mother said she would wait until her son came back.

He promised to come and see us if he had time.


三、过去完成时用法补充 can’t see each other and situation may be _________. But they can see Timoteo. In this way Timoteo _______ the traffic. How much do you think Timoteo receives from doing it? Nearly nothing. Only a few drivers give him a tip which is just enough for him ________, most of them just _______, because they _______________. Actually Timoteo is a _______, and nobody asks him to do so.Past Perfect

1. 和另一个动词的过去时连用,表示两个动作发生的先后:

When he had explained everything clearly, the students had no more questions.

They had learnt quite a lot of English before they came to senior high.

2. 追述以前发生的事情,并说明理由:

They were tired because they had worked for three days and nights.

The roads were muddy and the traffic was difficult. It had rained for a whole night.


3. can’t see each other and situation may be _________. But they can see Timoteo. In this way Timoteo _______ the traffic. How much do you think Timoteo receives from doing it? Nearly nothing. Only a few drivers give him a tip which is just enough for him ________, most of them just _______, because they _______________. Actually Timoteo is a _______, and nobody asks him to do so.表示过去未曾实现的希望、打算或意图,限于以下动词:think, hope, intend, plan, mean, want, suppose, etc.

I had intended to come, but John asked me to help him with his physics.

We had thought you would call.

They had wanted to help but didn’t have enough money.


Thank You ! can’t see each other and situation may be _________. But they can see Timoteo. In this way Timoteo _______ the traffic. How much do you think Timoteo receives from doing it? Nearly nothing. Only a few drivers give him a tip which is just enough for him ________, most of them just _______, because they _______________. Actually Timoteo is a _______, and nobody asks him to do so.


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