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A Job Worth Doing. Module 2. Words & Expressions. 1. satisfy v. 使满意;符合(要求) The program is designed to satisfy the needs of adult learners. This work does not satisfy me. satisfied adj. 满意的,满足的 be satisfied with The manager isn’t satisfied with your answer. satisfying adj. 令人满意的

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A Job Worth Doing

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A Job Worth Doing

Module 2


Words & Expressions


1. satisfy v.

The program is designed to satisfy the needs of adult learners.

This work does not satisfy me.

satisfied adj.

be satisfied with

The manager isnt satisfied with your answer.

satisfying adj.

The story had a satisfying ending.

It is satisfying (to do sth)

It can be very satisfying to work in the garden.


2. stress n., v.

Janet's been under a lot of stress since her mother's illness.put/lay stress on

The teacher laid particular stress on the need for discipline.

stressful adj.

Many people complain that their jobs are uninteresting and stressful.


3. account n.v. ~for

She could not account for her mistake.

I want you to account for each sum of the money you spent.

accountant n.

4. volunteer n. vt. vi.

volunteer for/ to do sth

We all volunteered to paint the house.

He volunteered for military service.


5. respectn. v.

in respect of sth;

His essay is fine in respect of information, but the style is dreadful.

,

with respect to sth

This is true with respect to English but not to French.

With respect to your proposal, we are sorry to say that we cannot agree to it.,


6. pass

pass away

pass by sb/sth

pass sth down

pass through

passer-by (passers-by)

7. encountern. vt.

His first encounter with Wilson was back in 1989.

I first encountered him when studying at Cambridge.


8. qualified adj.

be qualified for/as ;

be qualified to do

He is well qualified for / to do the work.

He is qualified as a president.

He is a qualified scientist.

qualify (sb) for/as ()()

Fluency in three languages qualifies her for work in the European Parliament.


9. take up; (,);,(); ,, ; , ,

The bus stopped to take up passengers

This work will take up a lot of my time

He will take up his new post on October 1.

The scientist has taken up a new subject


10. apply v.

apply to sb for sth

apply sth to sth

I applied to four universities and was accepted by all of them.

I want to apply for the job.

New technology is being applied to almost every industrial process.

application n.;


11. job, work, post, position, occupation, profession, career

Your job is the work that you do regularly in order to earn money, especially when you work for a company or public organization:

My last job was with a computer firm.

He finally got a job in a supermarket.


Work is used in a more general way to talk about activities that you do to earn money, either working for a company or for yourself: Will you go back to work when you've had the baby?

I started work when I was 18.

!! Do not say 'what is your job?' or 'what is your work?'.

Say what do you do? or what do you do for a living?


Post and position are more formal words for a job in a company or organization. They are used especially in job advertisements and when you are talking about someone moving to a different job:

This post would suit a recent graduate.

He left last summer for a teaching position in Singapore.


Use occupation to talk about the kind of work that someone usually does, for example if they are a teacher, lawyer, driving instructor etc. Occupation is used mainly on official forms:

State your name, age, and occupation in the box below.

!! Do not use occupation to talk about your own job :

I am an accountant. (NOT My occupation is an accountant).


A professionis a kind of work for which you need special training and a good education, for example teaching, law, or medicine: the legal profession

Your career is the type of work that you do or hope to do for most of your life:

I'm interested in a career in television.

His career is more important to him than his family.


12. require vt.

require sth/that/doingbe required to do

require sb to dorequire that sb should do

  • You are required by law to wear a seat belt.

  • Regulations require that students attend at least 90% of the lectures.

  • Most house plants require regular watering.

  • The situation requires that I should be there.

  • The rules require us all to be present.

  • The young seedlings () require looking after carefully.

doing

to be done

need/want/require


13. essential adj.

n.

be essential for/to

It is essential that/ to do sth

A good diet is essential for everyone.

It is essential that our pilots are given the best possible training.

Sleep and good food are essential to health.


14. demand vt. n., ,

demand sth of sb /

demand that sb should do sth

demand to do

in demand

ones demand for sth

She demanded (to know) my business.

I demand that John (should) go there at once.

Teachers are in demand in this area.

The workers' demands for higher pay were refused by the employers.


1. insist

2. order, command

3. suggest, advise, propose

4. ask, demand, request, require


15. suffer v. , , suffer from

She's suffering a lot of pain.

She was suffering from a headache.

They are unlikely to suffer much loss of business after 2001.


Bolivia

La Unin es la Fuerza


1098581

982.8 2007

La Paz 120 2003 3627

Sucre 21.6(2001)


Read the passage and match the headings.

The man

The road

The reason why he does it

Part I.

Part II.

Part III.


Translation:

1. On one side the mountains rise steeply; on the other side there is a sheer drop, which in places is hundreds of metres deep.

2. The drop is so great that anyone inside the vehicle is lucky to survive.


3. In theory, the road can only be used by traffic going uphill from 8 in the morning, and by traffic coming downhill from 3 in the afternoon. But in practice, few drivers respect the rules.

83


4. Sometimes drivers give him a tip, so that he has just enough money to live on. But often they just pass by, taking the human traffic signal for granted.

5. Before he volunteered to direct the traffic, Timoteo had had lots of jobs.


Fill in the blanks.

Timoteo is a gentle 46-year-old man who lives in a village near the most dangerous part of a road in Bolivia. The road is _____________ because it is in high mountains, which rise steeply, and has __________ on one bend. Anyone who can survive from such a travel is lucky. But ________ Timoteo, the _______ has fallen. Every morning he __________ the bend with a large circular board in his hand, which is red __________ and green __________.

in bad condition

a sheer drop

thanks to

death toll

climbs up to

on one side

on the other


When two vehicles approach ___________ ________, they cant see each other and situation may be _________. But they can see Timoteo. In this way Timoteo _______ the traffic. How much do you think Timoteo receives from doing it? Nearly nothing. Only a few drivers give him a tip which is just enough for him ________, most of them just _______, because they _______________. Actually Timoteo is a _______, and nobody asks him to do so.

from opposite

directions

dangerous

directs

to live on

pass by

took it for granted

volunteer


1. at high altitude

longitude latitude attitude

2. in bad / good / poor condition

on condition that

under condition/ under the condition of

3. respect / follow / obey the rules

disobey/ break / against the rules

4. live on ; ;

He will diebut his fame will live on after him.

He lost his job and lived on credit

They live chiefly on rice.


5. take it for granted (that)

take sb/sth for granted

He just took it for granted that he would pass the exam.I take it for granted you have read this book.

6. week in, week out = every week

from dawn till dusk

Every Sunday, week in, week out, she writes to her parents.

There's traffic in the streets from dawn till dusk.


7. cater

[] [ () ] ,

cater for

Our hotel also caters for weddings and parties.

This is the biggest event we've ever catered for.

[]; [],

TV must cater for many different tastes. .



Past Continuous

1.

He was going over the students papers at ten yesterday evening.

What were you doing when he came to see you?

2.

They were teaching English in Shanghai last winter.

They were talking while we were watching TV.


3.

They were leaving for London two days later.

John told us he was travelling on the same train with us.

4.

One day we were driving on a highway. It was snowing and the wind was blowing strongly.


Past Simple

1. thought, didnt know

I didnt know you were a teacher.

We thought you were in London.

2.

Mother said she would wait until her son came back.

He promised to come and see us if he had time.


Past Perfect

1.

When he had explained everything clearly, the students had no more questions.

They had learnt quite a lot of English before they came to senior high.

2.

They were tired because they had worked for three days and nights.

The roads were muddy and the traffic was difficult. It had rained for a whole night.


3. think, hope, intend, plan, mean, want, suppose, etc.

I had intended to come, but John asked me to help him with his physics.

We had thought you would call.

They had wanted to help but didnt have enough money.


Thank You !


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