World history review
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WORLD HISTORY REVIEW. OR – what are most of the answers you will need in order to get a good grade on the final exam! . I am given credit for the invention of the European Printing Press and movable type Johann Guttenberg .

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WORLD HISTORY REVIEW

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WORLD HISTORY REVIEW

OR – what are most of the answers you will need in order to get a good grade on the final exam! 


  • I am given credit for the invention of the European Printing Press and movable type

  • Johann Guttenberg


  • I painted the Mona Lisa, the Last Supper, the Battle of Anghiari, sketched the human anatomy, and invented cool stuff that was not produced for hundreds of years!

  • Leonardo da Vinci


  • I sculpted the marble David, painted the Sistine Ceiling, the Last Judgment, and sculpted several Pietas

  • Michelangelo


  • I am the German monk that wrote the 95 Theses complaining about the RCC sales of indulgences thus starting the Protestant Reformation

  • Martin Luther


  • A series of rulers from a single family that rule one region over an extended period of time.

  • We saw examples of these in Egypt and China

  • Dynasty


  • The way of life for a group of people

  • Culture


  • A political, economic, and military system based upon the holding of land, with an emphasis on local protection, local government, and local self sufficiency

  • Feudalism


  • I am the third lowest rank in feudalism. I have land, but my primary job is to fight for my king in my super cool armor. Chicks dig me.

  • Knight


  • The place where monks live that helped “preserve civilization” during the European Dark Ages.

  • Monastery


  • The God-kings that ruled over ancient Egypt

  • Pharaoh


  • The total difference between the value of exports and the value of imports. If the value of exports is greater than the value of imports, countries have a favorable __________________ .

  • Balance of trade


  • The name given to the journey that slaves took on the Atlantic Ocean between Africa and the Americas.

  • The Middle Passage


  • The economic philosophy that developed in Europe as a result of the Age of Exploration and the creation of empires. It said countries will become economically self sufficient and exports are favored over imports.

  • Mercantilism.


  • “More food = More ________.”

  • PEOPLE!


  • What was the first written code of law?

  • Hammurabi’s Code of Law


  • This was the “civilizing” and “unifying” force of western Europe during the Middle Ages.

  • The ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH


  • This civilization created the 22 symbol alphabet that is the basis for our 26 symbol alphabet.

  • The Phoenicians


  • Why did the Christians fight the Muslims during the Crusades?

  • For control of the HOLY LAND and the city of Jersusalem.


  • A person that preaches ideas and beliefs that are different from or oppose the Roman Catholic Church.

  • A heretic.


  • What caused the death of numerous people during the late Middle Ages thus creating a labor shortage and allowing peasants to ask for wages?

  • The Black Death or the PLAGUE


  • The common ordinary language spoken by a majority of the population.

  • Vernacular.


  • This person is considered the spiritual link between God and the people, according to the Roman Catholic Church – thus, he has a LOT of power.

  • The POPE.


  • What does the lord give to the vassal to create the bond of loyalty?

  • A fief or LAND.


  • What event caused the calling of the Crusades by Pope Urban II?

  • Alexis (the ruler of the Byzantine Empire) asked the RCC for help to regain the HOLY LAND!


  • What type of government has representatives elected by the citizens?

  • A republic.

  • Bonus Question: Which civilization created the republic and gave it to western civilization?

  • The Romans.


  • This culture was created by blending Greek culture and Persian culture. It developed because of the conquests of Alexander the Great.

  • Hellenism.


  • What regions or territories were conquered by Alexander the Great?

  • Greece, Asia Minor, Egypt, the Middle East, Persia and India.

  • His army quit before he could go to China.


  • What are the components of Classical Greek art?

  • Balance, order, and proportion.


  • The Iliad and the Odyssey are both examples of what type of Greek literature?

  • The epic poem.


  • This type of teaching technique involves the teacher asking a question, the student giving an answer, and the teacher asking another question.

  • The Socratic Method


  • This type of government has the CITIZENS directly voting on the laws of the community.

  • Democracy.


  • The rebirth of the soul into another being in the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism.

  • Reincarnation.


  • This trade route connected Europe, Central/South Asia, and China together.

  • The Great Silk Road.


  • The idea of a person’s behavior affecting the fate of their soul in the next in Hinduism and Buddhism.

  • Karma.


  • Around what TWO rivers did the early civilizations of India develop?

  • The Indus and the Ganges.


  • The belief in ONE god.

  • Monotheism.


  • What are the THREE rivers of the Fertile Crescent? (JET, Baby!)

  • The Jordan, the Tigris, the Euphrates


  • A government in which the religious leader is also the political leader.

  • Theocracy.


  • A politically independent city and the surrounding farmland in the region of Sumer.

  • A City-state


  • The belief in many gods.

  • Polytheism.


  • What are the SEVEN traits of a civilization?

  • Cities, government, social hierarchy, art and architecture, advanced technology, religion, WRITING


  • What are some of the basic characteristics of hunting and gathering communities?

  • Small, egalitarianism, nomadic, NO farming


  • The time period in history BEFORE the invention of writing.

  • Prehistory.


  • Around what geographic feature did the ancient civilizations of Sumer, Egypt, India and China develop?

  • Rivers

  • BONUS QUESTION – why did they develop around rivers?

  • Agriculture


  • From what religion did Christianity branch or develop?

  • Hint: the original monotheistic religion.

  • Judaism


  • What title did Siddhartha Gautama take after he gained enlightenment?

  • The Buddha


  • A person that makes goods by hand.

  • Artisan.


  • During this revolutionary period, farming developed with the domestication of animals.

  • The Neolithic Revolution.


  • The geographic feature MOST greatly influenced the development of the Egyptian civilization.

  • The Nile River.


  • What is the rigid social hierarchy based on birth within the religion of Hinduism?

  • The caste system.


  • To what city do all Muslims make a pilgrimage in the religion of Islam?

  • Mecca.


  • All of the following are true about goals and goal setting EXCEPT

  • a. Goals require effort by the doer to be achieved.

  • b. Goals should be positive – You should NOT want to do harm to yourself.

  • c. Goals should NEVER coincide with your personal beliefs and value system because they are supposed to create change in your life.

  • d. Goal setting gives your life focus.


  • Which development contributed to the rise of villages and eventually civilization?

  • a. polytheism.

  • b. agriculture.

  • c. writing.

  • d. money economy.


  • Which of the following areas is considered to be the birthplace of agriculture?

  • a. China.

  • b. Africa.

  • c. North America.

  • d. Southwest Asia.


  • The word “Renaissance” means

  • a. regret.

  • b. rebirth.

  • c. revisit.

  • d. reform.


  • Which of the following BEST illustrates the feudal hierarchy if the most powerful person is on the left and the least powerful person is on the right?

  • a. king, knight, serfs and peasants, royal vassals and bishops.

  • b. serfs and peasants, knights, royal vassals and bishops, king.

  • c. royal vassals and bishops, kings, knights, serfs and peasants.

  • d. king, royal vassals and bishops, knights, peasants and serfs.


  • The religious leader of the Roman Catholic Church is the

  • a. Holy Roman Emperor.

  • b. the Pope.

  • c. the Imam.

  • d. no one - the Roman Catholic Church does not recognize a religious leader.


  • The Renaissance had a cultural connection to which of the following civilizations (who did they want to copy and be like?)

  • a. Persian and Egypt.

  • b. China and India.

  • c. Greece and Rome.

  • d. Pedroia and Ronaldia.


  • In which of the following countries did the Renaissance begin about 1300?

  • Spain

  • Italy

  • England

  • France


  • Which of the following European countries began the Age of Exploration by trying to find a new route to India by going around Africa?

  • a. Spain.

  • b. Portugal.

  • c. England.

  • d. France.


  • Geographically, where did the Middle Ages occur?

  • a. Western and Central Europe.

  • b. Southwest Asia - the Fertile Crescent.

  • c. Eastern Europe - the Byzantine Empire.

  • d. China.


  • The Protestant Reformation focused on “reforming” what?

  • a. absolute monarchy.

  • b. art.

  • c. the Roman Catholic Church.

  • d. agriculture.


  • The Protestant Reformation began in which region of Europe?

  • a. Italy.

  • b. France.

  • c. England.

  • d. Germany.


  • Who is given credit for the beginning of the Protestant Reformation?

  • Martin Luther.

  • Johann Gutenburg.

  • Henry VIII.

  • John Calvin.


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