Chapter 2 continued
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Chapter 2 Continued. Writing the constitution involved many compromises. A compromise is an agreement between two or more parties, in which one or more had to give up something in order to achieve a higher purpose or goal. Situations involving compromises: Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan

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Chapter 2 Continued

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Chapter 2 continued

Chapter 2 Continued

Writing the constitution involved many compromises.

A compromise is an agreement between two or more parties, in which one or more had to give up something in order to achieve a higher purpose or goal.

Situations involving compromises:

Virginia Plan

New Jersey Plan

Slavery


The connecticut compromise

The Connecticut Compromise

  • The Virginia Plan

    • A strong national government chosen by the people

    • Favored larger states because of population

  • The New Jersey Plan

    • A weak national government and simply amending the Articles of Confederation

    • Favored the Smaller states…didn’t lose much power.

      THE CONNECTICUT COMPROMISE resulted.


The connecticut compromise1

The Connecticut Compromise

  • This compromise satisfied both the small and large states.

  • Two houses in the Legislature:

    • House of Representatives (Currently 435 members)

      • Based on population, made the large states happy

      • Probably will change once the 2010 Census is finalized

    • Senate (2 per state which is a total of 100)

      • Each state has two senators, making the smaller states happy.


Slavery

Slavery

  • A compromise involving issues concerning slavery started with representation.

  • The south was mostly 1/3 enslaved African Americans. The Southern States wanted them to count for representation in Congress. But did not want them to count for tax purposes. Simply, they wanted more Congressmen, but did not want to pay more taxes.

  • The North had the opposite desire. Count for tax purposes, but not for representation.


Slavery1

Slavery

  • So the Three-Fifths Compromise was settled this issue.

  • 3/5 of enslaved people were counted for both tax purposes and representation purposes.


Slavery2

Slavery

  • Because the northern states had either abolished slavery or taxed it out of existence, they did not want slavery to be a part of the new union.

  • But the Northern states also knew that to keep Southern states, they could not ban slavery. They decided not to ban the slave trade until 1808. And escaped slaves could be returned to their slaveholders even if they were in a free state when caught.


Federalist or anti federalist

Federalist or Anti-federalist

  • Federalist favored the ratification of the Constitution.

  • Anti-federalist opposed the ratification of the Constitution.

  • It mainly focused on the increased powers of the central government, and the lack of a bill of rights.


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