Demonstration of in situ sewage treatment technologies on river ganga proposal under ngrba
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IST . Sewage Drain. River. IST . DEMONSTRATION OF IN-SITU SEWAGE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES ON RIVER GANGA (Proposal under NGRBA). Sewage Drain. Sewage Drain. IST . River. IST . Sewage Drain. CENTRAL POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD.

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Demonstration of in situ sewage treatment technologies on river ganga proposal under ngrba

IST

Sewage Drain

River

IST

DEMONSTRATION OF IN-SITU SEWAGE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES ON RIVER GANGA (Proposal under NGRBA)

Sewage Drain

Sewage Drain

IST

River

IST

Sewage Drain

CENTRAL POLLUTION CONTROL BOARD


Demonstration of in situ sewage treatment technologies through bioremediation process
DEMONSTRATION OF IN-SITU SEWAGE TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • BudhaNala, Ludhiana (Punjab)

  • MorigateNala, Allahabad (UP)

  • City Drain, Farukhabad (UP)

  • BakarganjNala, Patna (Bihar)

  • Uttarakhand (Muni kiReti, Haridwar)

  • West Bengal (Tolly’s/ Taldanga, Kolkata)

  • Jharkhand (Sahebganj/ Rajmahal)


Genesis of project
GENESIS OF PROJECT THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Gap in Sewage treatment

    Generation : 38,255 MLD

    Treatment : 11,787 MLD

  • Sewage Treatment Plants;

    (Ex-situ) * Costing

    * O & M

    * Performance

  • Target : 2020 Action Plan


Project proposal chronology
PROJECT PROPOSAL - CHRONOLOGY THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

Contd….


Project proposal chronology1
PROJECT PROPOSAL - CHRONOLOGY THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS


In situ sewage treatment ist
IN-SITU SEWAGE TREATMENT THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS(IST)

In-situ Sewage Treatment refers to treatment of sewage in the running battery of flow without displacing; and by employing microbial consortia in aerobic and facultative environment to degrade sewage into CO2 and H2O and remove odour.


Ist technologies
IST- TECHNOLOGIES THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

Principle:

Microbial consortia act on sewage to degrade into simpler forms under aerobic/anaerobic/ facultative environment-Extracellular Enzymes/Nutrients-added.

Technologies:

  • Free release-Tablets/ Blocks/ Spraying

  • Blocks on Bottom- porous blocks embedded with microbes

  • Horizontal media/microbe loaded filters- Green Bridge

  • Self-Cleansing (Bio-Mimicry)


Selected drains for demo
SELECTED DRAINS FOR DEMO THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS


Claimed performances
CLAIMED PERFORMANCES THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS


Project implementation
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • CPCB awarded work order to 4 firms based on AA and ES of MoEF

  • MoA drafted for seeking concurrence of MoEF

  • CPCB as the Nodal Agency to implement the project

  • ‘Monitoring Committee’ at State level through State Pollution Control Board (SPCB)

  • Provision of ‘Third Party Inspection’ through IITs/ Universities

  • Project Implementing Agencies(PIAs);

  • M/s Green Infrastructure, Pune(BudhaNala, Ludhiana)

  • M/s Amrit Clean water technologies, Gurgaon(Morigate, Allahabad)

  • M/s US Environ, New Delhi (Bakarganj, Patna)

  • M/s Clover Organic, Dehradun(Farrukhabad, UP)


Role of cpcb
ROLE OF CPCB THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Monitoring Performance at 4 locations

  • R & D components- Investigations

  • Evolving Guidelines/ Protocols.

  • Trainings and Mass Awareness


Role of spcbs
ROLE OF SPCBs THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • UP, Bihar and Punjab to constitute ‘Monitoring Committee’ represented by Municipality, Water Supply & Sewerage Board, Jal Nigam, State Urban Authority, Irrigation Department, NGOs, etc.

  • Guide Project Implementing Agency (PIA) at local level-including site visits

  • Coordinate with PIA and concerned agencies for required clearances, if any;

  • Undertake laboratory analyses for performance evaluation of technology(Random-basis).


R d components cpcb
R & D COMPONENTS THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS(CPCB)

  • Standardization of the design parameters of In-situ sewage treatment technology in terms of working methodology, microbial dosing, and working optimum ranges of pH, temperature, time, hydraulics, etc.

  • Assessing efficacy and effectiveness of each treatment process with regard to removal of pollutants and elimination of pathogens.

  • Developing treatment packages with microbial dosing Vs MLD of sewage to be treated and taking care of microbial population control.


R d components cpcb1
R & D COMPONENTS THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS(CPCB)

iv. Listing of microbes used in consortia to rule-out ‘secrets’ and having no doubts on harmful microbes.

v. Study the formulation of intermediary compounds for assessing complete degradation.

vi. Studying inhibitory/ antagonistic parameters effecting in-situ treatment.

vii. Evolving Protocol and guidelines for implementation in other parts of the country.


Sampling and analysis schedule
SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS SCHEDULE THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS


Memorandum of agreement draft conditions
MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS(DRAFT CONDITIONS)

  • Bank Guarantee against amount released.

  • Bank Guarantee for Performance claimed.

  • No charges for Royalty or Patent.

  • No GMOs.

  • No major alteration/modification of the drain.

  • Provisions for Third Party Inspection/ Monitoring.

  • Fortnightly Progress Reports (monthly/ quarterly basis).


Release of funds
RELEASE OF FUNDS THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Release of funds in 4 equal installments (to PIAs).

    [However, felt need for 75 % fund at-once]

  • Bank Guarantees (against installments/ Performance) will be obtained from PIAs

  • Release of funds on receipt of UCs, Physical progress and Monitoring Reports


Present status
PRESENT STATUS THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • MoEF Accorded – Administrative Approval and Expenditure Sanction on 6th and 11th April, 2011 to 4 Projects.

  • CPCB has proposed for transfer of funds for further releasing to PIA subject to the receipt of two BGs and signing of MoA (total cost Rs. 19.84 Crore-first installment: 4.96 Crore).


Location 1
LOCATION- 1 THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

In-situ Treatment of Sewage through Bioremediation at BudhaNala, Ludhiana, Punjab


Budha nala ludhiana
BUDHA NALA, LUDHIANA THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Budha Nala originates at Kumbkalam and runs parallel to River Sutlej and joins at Gorsian Kadar Baksh.

  • Perennial freshwater source and gets polluted in Ludhiana.

  • water used for irrigation near Ferozpur.

  • Carries treated/untreated industrial wastewater of Ludhiana city.


Buddha THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESSNala, Ludhiana, Punjab Geographical Location


Physical features
PHYSICAL FEATURES THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Length : 36 km. (Kumbkalan to Ludiana 13 km & Ludhiana to Sutlej River confluence

    point 23 km)

  • Width of the Drain : 12-24 meter

  • Average water depth : 0.6-1.8 meter

  • Average Flow : 600 MLD

    (Monitored by CPCB)


Project objectives
PROJECT OBJECTIVES THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Demonstration of ‘In-situ Sewage Treatment’ in Budha Nala

  • Treatment of wastewater by application of microbial consortia augmented with aquatic plants

  • Standardization of the technology for replication after assessment of performance


Technology green bridge
TECHNOLOGY : GREEN-BRIDGE THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Green-bridge and three to four hydro-cell construction for flow control and effective treatment of sewage.

  • Green –Bridge acts as a reservoir of microbes

  • Microbial storage at the green bridges and mingling by bottom of the hydro-cells.

  • Microbes feed on the pollutants and treat the water

  • Aquatic plants grown on Green-bridges & along drain-bank absorb nutrients to treat waste water.


Green Bridges for Buddha THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESSNalaRestoration


Working principle
WORKING PRINCIPLE THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Placement of Bar screen before green bridge to trap garbage and other floating materials

  • Waste water to pass through green bridges placed in a Zig-zag manner.

  • The green bridges made of boulder provided with microbial doses and aquatic plants grown over it.

  • Microbial doses released from the Green Bridge and also from bottom of hydro-cells

  • Regular monitoring of water quality

  • Regular cleaning of Green bridges and maintenance of aquatic plants.


Claimed results
CLAIMED RESULTS THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS


Demonstrated case studies
DEMONSTRATED CASE STUDIES THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Ahar River for Eco-restoration, Pune

  • Udaisagar lake for Eco-restoration - Udaipur


Cost of the project
COST OF THE PROJECT THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

Rs. 15.28 Crore

(including one year O&M cost)


LOCATION-2 THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

MorigateNala, Allahabad


Morigate nala allahabad
MORIGATE NALA, ALLAHABAD THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • MorigateNala carries 40 MLD sewage from Allahabad city to River Ganga

  • Two drains coming from Katra and Rambagh, meets at Parade Ground and outfalls into River Ganga through Morigate

  • As per High Court Order, the Nala has been blocked, but spill over still reaching River Ganga.


Technology bio augmentation
TECHNOLOGY: BIO-AUGMENTATION THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • ‘EmTech’ patented product used in tablet and liquid form to release microbial consortia

  • Degrade organic matters, oil & grease, reduces sludge and remove odour


Working principle1
WORKING PRINCIPLE THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Physical cleaning at dosing points to maintain flow

  • Bar screen to be installed before dosing points

  • Sprayer and slow release tablets to be applied at upstream of drain

  • Installation of spraying devices for microbial dosing at selected sites of microbes at selected sites

  • Operation of Fixed mist sprayer for consistent mix of microbes with wastewater


Claimed results1
CLAIMED RESULTS THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS


Cost of the project1
COST OF THE PROJECT THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

Rs. 1.38 Crore

(including one year O&M cost)


LOCATION-3 THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

BakarganjNala,Patna


Bakarganj nala patna
BAKARGANJ NALA, PATNA THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Length : 2.5 km

  • Width : 2 – 5 meters

  • Depth : 2-3 ft.

  • Flow : 21 MLD

  • Joins River Ganga


Technology eco bio block
TECHNOLOGY: ECO-BIO-BLOCK THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • EBB contains “fermented soya bean bacillus”

  • Made of porous volcanic rock, cement, beneficial bacteria and nutrients that released regularly in water

  • EBB structure designed according to hydrodynamics and placed

  • Number of EBB requested is based on pollution load


Interlocking of eco bio blocks
Interlocking of Eco-Bio Blocks THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

DIFFERENT STRUCTURES OF EBB BLOCKS


Construction and Placement of EBB in River THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS


Working principle2
WORKING PRINCIPLE THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Pre-analysis of water quality for Block Placement

  • Installation of Bar screen to check floating materials

  • Installation of EBB reactor and bottom lining

  • De-silting of the drain at regular intervals

  • EBB bacteria degrade organic matters into carbon dioxide and water and helps in rapid oxidization (anaerobically) converting ammonia into nitrite and nitrate, nitrates are naturally absorbed by plants and microbes and release nitrogen gas

  • EBB bacteria in contact of water, propagate and multiply every half an hour to cleanse water


Demonstrated ebb case studies
DEMONSTRATED EBB CASE STUDIES THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Mayur Vihar Phase-I Drain, Delhi

  • Alandur, Chennai


Claimed results ebb
CLAIMED RESULTS (EBB) THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS


Cost of the project2
COST OF THE PROJECT THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

Rs. 2.24 Crores

(including one year O&M cost)


LOCATION- 4 THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

(City Drain, Farrukhabad)


City drain hathikhana drain farrukhabad
CITY DRAIN/HATHIKHANA DRAIN, FARRUKHABAD THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

The City Drain of Farrukhabad(UP) carries 16 MLD untreated sewage into Ganga River


Physical Features of the Drain THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

Hathikhana Drain


Technology bio mimicry
TECHNOLOGY: BIO-MIMICRY THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • Bio-mimicking designed the stretch of a drain/river enhancing self cleansing process supported by application of natural materials and NatureVel-WW products for water purification

  • Strategies made for adsorption, degradation, aeration, filtration and sedimentation through biofilter made of boulders, charcoal and mud balls.

  • NatureVel-WW, the patented product is applied/ sprayed for treatment of water pollutants


Working principle3
WORKING PRINCIPLE THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

  • The stretch of the drain is mended as Rapids and Pool with boulder and charcoal

  • The Rapids helps in adsorption, aeration and filtration of sewage and the Pool helps in sedimentation

  • Wood charcoal dipped in NatureVel-WW is packed in fishnet bag

  • Mud ball of clay and rice bran mixed with microbes are tied with charcoal balls for slow release of doses

  • River banks are treated and inoculated with spray of Naturavel-WW


Rapids THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

Pool

SELF-CLEANSING MECHANISM OF RIVER

ABSORPTION & DEGRADATION

FILTRATION

Rapids

Rapids

Pool

Pool

AERATION

SEDIMENTATION


CLAIMED RESULTS THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS


Cost of the project3
COST OF THE PROJECT THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS

Rs. 0.94 Crore

(including one year O&M cost)


Thank you
THANK YOU… THROUGH BIOREMEDIATION PROCESS


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