Marcus Garvey
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Marcus Garvey. lynching in the American south. Notice that this picture is shaped like a postcard? That is because it was a postcard. lynching in the American south. Lynching in 1930. lynching in the American south. The Lynching of Leo Frank in Georgia in 1915. The NAACP fights lynching.

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Marcus Garvey

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Marcus garvey

Marcus Garvey


Lynching in the american south

lynching in the American south

Notice that this picture is shaped like a postcard?

That is because it was a postcard.


Lynching in the american south1

lynching in the American south

Lynching in 1930.


Lynching in the american south2

lynching in the American south

The Lynching of Leo Frank in Georgia in 1915


The naacp fights lynching

The NAACP fights lynching

  • 1919: NAACP releases 30 Years of Lynching in the South

  • 30 Years concludes that only 20 percent of lynchings involved accusations of impropriety with a white woman

  • And the vast majority of those accusations were false.

  • 1922: Congressman Leonidas C. Dyer proposes a federal anti-lynching bill

The Dyer bill passes the House

. . . but is blocked in the Senate.


Marcus garvey

Jim Europe and his band


The lost generation

The “Lost Generation”


Marcus garvey

Countee Cullen

Claude McKay

Jean Toomer

Langston Hughes


Marcus garvey

Zora Neale Hurston

Walter White

Carl Van Vechten


Marcus garvey

The Scopes Trial, Dayton, TN, 1925


Football transformed

Football transformed

Harold “Red” Grange


Tennis usa

Tennis, USA


Bobby jones changes golf

Bobby Jones changes golf


1920s technology revolution

1920s technology revolution

  • 750 broadcast radio stations by 1928

  • Vastly more powerful electric power plants

  • Redesigned homes make it easier to accommodate electrical appliances

  • Electric refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, toasters

  • Telephone party lines expand phone use


Post world war i assault on labor

Crackdown on labor campaigns

“Open shop” drive

Corporate welfare programs

Company unions

Textile mills move south

Post World War I assault on labor

Federal troops occupy union hall in 1919 steel strike; right: John L. Lewis


Calvin coolidge i do not choose to run for president in 1928

Calvin Coolidge: “I do not choose to run for President in 1928.”


Election of 1928

Al Smith: 40.8% (wins majorities in 12 large cities)

Herbert Hoover: 58.2%

Election of 1928

"We in America today are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of this land... We shall soon with the help of God be in sight of the day when poverty will be banished from this land. “ Herbert Hoover, 1928


In ponzi we trust

A confident Charles Ponzi on his way to Federal trial

A less than confident mob surrounding one of Ponzi’s branches as word leaks out that he’s a fraud.

In Ponzi we trust . . .


Why the speculation boom of the 1920s

Why the speculation boom of the 1920s?

  • Communication revolution via telephone and wireless telegraph

  • Radio delivered news of stocks quickly

  • Rise of disposable income among upper-middle class

  • Absence of any government regulation of the trading sector


The great crash 1929

the great crash . . . 1929

  • Number of shares traded between 1927 and 1929 doubled . . .

  • . . . to 920 million shares by 1929.

  • But in October 1929, stocks lost 40 percent of their value.

  • 50 billion dollars in speculative investment lost


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France and England insist on collecting from Germany because they owe debts to the United States

Germany owes huge reparations to England and France

The U.S. won’t ease up on France and England’s war debts . . .

. . . but encourages investors to lend money to Germany

the international debt mess of the 1920s (revisited). . . .

What if there was a stock market crash in the United States???


The great crash 1929 1931

the great crash . . . 1929 - 1931

  • 1930: 1,352 banks failed with 850 million in deposits

  • 1931: almost 2,300 banks failed with 1.7 billion in deposits

  • . . . People got ten cents on the dollar of their savings, if they were lucky.

U.S. unemployment rate


Why great depression

Why Great Depression?

  • The boom/crash interpretation

    • Stock market had something to do with it

  • The Monetarist camp

    • Failure of Federal Reserve

  • The regulatory interpretation

    • No real government checks on the markets

  • The Keynesian demand-side school

    • Consumer power wimped out

  • The international crisis perspective

    • Treaty of Versailles and its consequences

Milton Friedman; Monetarist

John Kenneth Galbraith; Keynesian

Charles Kindelberger, internationalist


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