Civil rights in america an evolving process
Download
1 / 12

Civil Rights in America: An Evolving Process - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 125 Views
  • Uploaded on

Civil Rights in America: An Evolving Process. Was the process of achieving civil rights for various groups in the US positive?. Internment of Japanese Americans During World War II. Executive Order: allowed military to create zones to exclude enemy aliens

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Civil Rights in America: An Evolving Process' - kimn


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Civil rights in america an evolving process

Civil Rights in America: An Evolving Process

Was the process of achieving civil rights for various groups in the US positive?


Internment of japanese americans during world war ii
Internment of Japanese Americans During World War II

  • Executive Order: allowed military to create zones to exclude enemy aliens

    • Some German and Italians were included, but not many

  • 62% of those interned were American citizens

  • All interned on West Coast

  • Approx. 1,800 interned in Hawaii

  • Yasui v. US, Hirabayashi v. US (43) –upheld convictions for breaking curfews

  • Korematsu v. US (44) – upheld exclusion order


Mccarthyism and the red scare
McCarthyism and the Red Scare

  • House Un-American Activities Committee

  • Smith Act (1940)

    • Illegal

      • to advocate the overthrow of the government by force

      • to belong to an organization with the above goal

  • McCarran Internal Security Act (1950)

    • Illegal to

      • Advocate or support the establishment of a totalitarian government

      • Restrict travel of people belonging to Communist organizations

      • Authorized creation of detention centers for subversives

  • Joseph McCarthy v.. Hollywood and the Boy Scouts

    • Blacklists

    • Contempt of Congress

    • Eventually censored by the Senate in 1954 (when he took on the military)


Black civil rights
Black Civil Rights

  • Brown v. Topeka Board of Education (1954)

    • Separate not equal in education

    • Public schools should be desegregated as soon as possible

    • Eisenhower uses troops to defend black students going to school in response to Arkansas Governor OrvalFaubus calling the National Guard to prevent black students from attending a “white school”

      • Chief Justice, Earl Warren wrote the majority opinion

      • Thurgood Marshall, lawyer for NAACP

  • Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)

    • 1956 Supreme Court strikes down bus segregation, Bowder v. Gayle

  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference (1957)

    • Martin Luther King Jr. organization for civil disobedience against discrimination against blacks

    • Marches – Washington (1963), Montgomery (1965)

  • James Meredith (1962)

    • First black student to attend University of Mississippi

    • Escorted by US Marshalls, Governor Ross Barnett barred his entrance

    • 160 US Marshalls were injured, 40 national guardsmen injured, 2 people were killed


Civil rights acts of 1964 and 1965
Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1965

  • 1964

    • All segregation in public facilities illegal, i.e. hotels and restaurants

    • Increased jurisdiction for the federal government to intervene on behalf of school desegregation

    • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

  • 24th Amendment – made poll taxes illegal

  • 1965

    • Voting Rights Act – ended literacy tests and mandated federal oversight of voting in the South


Great society and the war on poverty
Great Society and the War on Poverty

  • Medicare

  • Medicaid

  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

  • Abolish quotas for immigration

  • Department of Transportation created

  • Department of Housing and Urban Development created


Landmark supreme court decisions
Landmark Supreme Court Decisions

  • Mapp v. Ohio (1961) – illegally seized evidence cannot be used

  • Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) – requirement to provide a public defender

  • Miranda v. Arizona (1966) – right to remain silent, be represented…

  • Yates v. US (1957) – radical and revolutionary speech protected unless clear and present danger

  • Engel v. Vitale (1962) – prohibited prayer in school


Women s liberation
Women’s Liberation

  • Portrayal of women in media less restrictive

  • Griswold v. Connecticut (1965) – state cannot prohibit the use of contraceptives

  • The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan (1963) – encouraged middle class women to seek professional careers

  • NOW – National Organization of Women established

  • ERA – passed by Congress, did not pass the required number of states

  • Roe V Wade (1973) – struck down laws prohibiting abortions as protected by the right to privacy


Student revolts
Student Revolts

  • Students for a Democratic Society

    • Port Huron Statement – students to participate in rules of the university regarding political activity, speech, dormitory rules, Vietnam War

    • 1st protests in Berkeley

  • Weathermen

    • Used violent means to protest discredited the SDS

  • Woodstock

    • End of the movement

    • Gathering in Upstate NY – drugs, music, sex – zenith of the New Left


Assassinations
Assassinations

  • Medgar Evers – June 12, 1963

  • President John F Kennedy – November 22, 1963

  • Malcolm X - February 21, 1965

  • Martin Luther King Jr. – April 4,1968

  • Senator Robert F Kennedy – June 5, 1968


ad