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The Anthropology of Death. By: Hanna H., Matthew C., and Ka -lee S. How do different cultures view death and deal with the grieving process?. Stages of Grief. Denile Anger Barganing Depression Acceptance. Different Causes of Death. 1) natural 2) accidental 3) homicidal 4) suicidal

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The anthropology of death
The Anthropology of Death

By: Hanna H., Matthew C., and Ka-lee S.



Stages of grief
Stages of Grief grieving process?

  • Denile

  • Anger

  • Barganing

  • Depression

  • Acceptance


Different causes of death
Different Causes of Death grieving process?

  • 1) natural

  • 2) accidental

  • 3) homicidal

  • 4) suicidal

  • 5) undetermined

  • 6) unclassified


Cell d eath stages
Cell grieving process?Death Stages

  • NecroBiosis

  • Necrosis

  • Clinical

  • Brain Death

  • Sematic


Japanese culture

Japanese grieving process?Culture


Tsuya the wake or to pass the night
Tsuya grieving process?, (the wake), or (to pass the night)

When a Japanese person dies…

  • Matsugo-no-mizu or (Water of the last moment)

  • Sakasamizu tub or (reverse water)

  • The body is dressed

  • Spend the night with the body

  • *Also, the body is often surrounded by candles, incense, offering rice, and other items that are supposed to put the spirit of the dead at ease.


Soshiki the funeral
Soshiki grieving process?, (the funeral)

  • While the wake is going on, a funeral firm is usually contracted to setup and build an altar in either the home of the deceased, or a hall.

  • The funeral occurs

  • The body is placed in a coffin

  • Rice with one or two chopsticks standing in the upright position.

  • Crematorium

  • In modern times family and friends travel to a restaurant for a catered meal.

  • Before cremation, the family prepares a zuda-kunichi and places it around the neck of the deceased.

  • The ashes of the deceased are placed in an urn.


Shonanoka
Shonanoka grieving process?

  • On the seventh day..


Shiju kunichi
Shiju-kunichi grieving process?

  • On the 49th day after the death of the person it is assumed that the deceased has begun their new life in the land of the dead.

  • The urn containing the ashes

  • Posthumous name (placed on the funeral tablet)

  • It is also believed that the final judgment is passed on the deceased on the 49th.


American culture
American Culture grieving process?


Understanding it
Understanding It grieving process?

  • Understand an individual's perspective of death/dying

  • Even beyond the treatment of human remains, the way in which we celebrate remembrances speaks to our culture.

  • The ancient Egyptians believed that a name remembered was a soul perpetuated while the Japanese still celebrate a culture of ancestor worship. These types of traditions are carried on in American society through the continuance of family names and cultural traditions such as Christmas.

  • There are three parts to every American funeral


When someone dies
When someone dies… grieving process?

  • They are embalmed

  • Buried or cremated

  • New sub-culture

  • Even though dying is a natural part of existence, American culture is unique because of the way we view death.

  • Rather than having open discussions, we tend to view death as a feared enemy that can and should be defeated by modern medicine and machines.


Customs
Customs grieving process?

  • The Wake, Visitation or Viewing

  • The Funeral Service

  • The Burial Service

  • Private Services


Ancient Egyptian grieving process?


Beliefs in the rebirth after death
Beliefs grieving process?in the rebirth after death.

  • Became their driving force after Death

  • Mummification

  • Were buried in sand pits

  • Now stoned tombs

  • Organs


Australian Culture grieving process?


Colonial tribes
Colonial Tribes grieving process?

  • There are at LEAST 25 different cultures that have either the same rituals for death or different.

  • Cochieans, Ghonds, Bongas


Rituals
Rituals grieving process?

  • Most burn the body or bury them but some put them in weird places or put things on them to keep spirits calm.


Ways of the tribes
Ways of the tribes grieving process?

  • When they cremate the body they either dump the ashes in to a nearby river or preserve them in clay urns. Or they smoke the body and feed them to the village animals.


American views of death quotes
American Views of Death Quotes grieving process?

•“American practices in the present day represent the economical, psychological symbolic aspects of their lives. In terms of economic explanations, some people assert that American funeral practices denote the nature of capitalism and materialism. “(British Humanist Association website, 2003)

•“Death customs in the US represent the core beliefs of society; that life is sacred. Most American funerals are characterized by a comfortable and natural public display of the corpse on his last day of viewing. The reason for this is that society wants to portray an acceptance of the fact that bodies will decompose with time and that no one is trying to indicate that they have been repulsed with this. On the other hand, bodies are made simple enough in order to display the fact that they have not been manipulated as capitalist systems normally do.” (British Humanist Association website, 2003)


Australian views of death quoted by americans
Australian Views of Death Quoted by Americans grieving process?

•"Whosoever is unclean by the dead shall be put outside the camp, that they defile not the camp in the midst of which the Lord dwells."

•”There is nothing quite so good as burial at sea. It is simple, tidy, and not very incriminating.” - Alfred Hitchcock

•The sun, the dog, the flesh-eating bird these are the ways ancient to dispose of the dead Aryan -most holy and commanded by Ahura Mazda. O Man! Away with your pride and arrogance that refuse to follow the way of your Aryan ancestors - it is your science modern that strives to pollute and destroy, despite the earth's cries. Come, all Aryan fellow-men, let us vow The ancient way of Dakhma-Nashini pure and most effective, we shall adhere to As our Aryan forefathers did in Iran. - from the "Saga of the Aryan Race" by PorusHomiHavewala.


Work cited
Work Cited grieving process?

• Axelrod, Julie. “The 5 Stages of Loss and Grief." The 5 Stages of Loss and Grief. Ed. Julie Axelrod. Psych Central, 30 Oct. 2012. Web. 28 Oct. 2012.<http://www.articlesbase.com/writing-articles/death-and-burial-customs-a-cultural-comparison-1919769.html>

• Jackson, Wayne. "Death And Burial Customs: A Cultural Comparison." Death And Burial Customs: A Cultural Comparison. Ed. Wayne Jackson. N.p., 1997. Web. 29 Oct. 2012.<http://www.crystalinks.com/egyptafterlife.html>

http://animewriter.wordpress.com/category/japanese-misc/japanese-death-beliefs-customs/

http://www.articlesbase.com/writing-articles/death-and-burial-customs-a-cultural-comparison-1919769.html

http://voices.yahoo.com/death-dying-american-perspective-7514046.html?cat=5

http://www.mentalhelp.net/poc/view_doc.php?type=doc&id=11985&cn=174


  • • Axelrod, Julie. "The 5 Stages of Loss and Grief." The 5 Stages of Loss and Grief. Ed. Julie Axelrod. Psych Central, 30 Oct. 2012. Web. 28 Oct. 2012.

  • • http://www.articlesbase.com/writing-articles/death-and-burial-customs-a-cultural-comparison-1919769.html

  • • Jackson, Wayne. "Death And Burial Customs: A Cultural Comparison." Death And Burial Customs: A Cultural Comparison. Ed. Wayne Jackson. N.p., 1997. Web. 29 Oct. 2012.

  • • https://www.christiancourier.com/articles/825-funeral-customs-past-and-present

  • • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Funeral

  • • http://psychcentral.com/lib/2006/the-5-stages-of-loss-and-grief/

  • • Awofeso, Niyi. "Burial Rituals As Noble Lies: An Australian Perspective." Rituals versus Reality. Ed. NiyiAwofeso. N.p., May 2003. Web. 14 Oct. 2012.

  • • http://wyfda.org/basics_2.html

  • • http://flatrock.org.nz/topics/older_and_under/burial_rituals_as_noble_lies.htm


  • • https://www.christiancourier.com/articles/825-funeral-customs-past-and-present• https://www.christiancourier.com/articles/825-funeral-customs-past-and-present

  • • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Funeral

  • • http://psychcentral.com/lib/2006/the-5-stages-of-loss-and-grief/

  • • Awofeso, Niyi. "Burial Rituals As Noble Lies: An Australian Perspective." Rituals versus Reality. Ed. NiyiAwofeso. N.p., May 2003. Web. 14 Oct. 2012.

  • • http://wyfda.org/basics_2.html

  • • http://flatrock.org.nz/topics/older_and_under/burial_rituals_as_noble_lies.htm


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