Breaking Rules: Examining the
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Breaking Rules: Examining the Facilitaton Effects of Moral Intensity Characteristics on the recognition of Rule Violations. Wasieleski , David M.; Hayibor , Sefa ; Journal of Business Ethics, Vol 78(1-2), Mar, 2008. pp. 275-289. [Journal Article]

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Reports of Cheating Behavior on Social Contracts

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Reports of cheating behavior on social contracts

Breaking Rules: Examining the Facilitaton Effects of Moral Intensity Characteristics on the recognition of Rule Violations

Wasieleski, David M.; Hayibor, Sefa; Journal of Business Ethics, Vol 78(1-2), Mar, 2008. pp. 275-289. [Journal Article]

Johnathan Lou, Charlie Kittler, Tristan Sguigna


Reports of cheating behavior on social contracts

Reports of Cheating Behavior on Social Contracts

  • Executives at companies like Tyco, Enron, Parmalat, and WorldCom violated social contracts

  • Violation of rules constitutes an epidemic


This study

This Study

  • Examines individual’s ability to detect violators of a social contract

  • Focuses on three components of moral intensity: magnitude of consequences, social consensus, and proximity

  • Propose high level of moral intensity will lead to enhanced rule violator detection


Design and method

Design and Method

  • Wason selection task (social situation involving drinking age)

  • 320 undergraduate students, age ranged from 19 to 23 years

  • three moral intensity variables manipulated into a high and low condition

  • Z test


Results

Results

  • Hypothesis 1, 2 and 3 were not supported

  • Opposite direction occurred for 3rd


Discussion

Discussion

  • Possible explanations:

  • moral intensity characteristics

  • Wason selection task

  • Culture (norms of drinking behavior)

  • Concept of underage drinking (schema)

  • Issue –contingent variables do not facilitate cheater detection to any significant degree ?


Critical review

Critical Review

  • Morality and ethics in biological and evolutionary terms

  • Concept of moral intensity characteristics

  • Influence of our "nature" and our "nurture" in forming our ethics and moral behavior

  • Cultural values and age group differences

  • Wason Selection Task


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