Expectations and Challenges
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 26

Expectations and Challenges PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 97 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Expectations and Challenges in International and Interdisciplinary Projects. Examples from TRANSCAPACITY application work Britt-Marie Drottz Sjøberg NTNU , [email protected] Presentation at the ”European Secure and Safe Smart Cities 2020” workshop in Helsinki, Finland. June 16, 2014.

Download Presentation

Expectations and Challenges

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Expectations and challenges

Expectations and Challenges

in International and Interdisciplinary Projects. Examples from TRANSCAPACITY application work

Britt-Marie DrottzSjøberg

NTNU, [email protected]

Presentation at the ”European Secure and Safe Smart Cities 2020”

workshop in Helsinki, Finland. June 16, 2014

Name, title of the presentation


My background examples of projec ts

My background: Examples of Projects

  • Nature - environment

    • Perceptions & feelings to nature and environment (NV)

    • Reactions to pollution, contaminated land (NV)

  • Technological systems and processes

    • Blind people reading digital newspapers

    • Accidents, workplace HES (NFR)

    • Nuclear safety; municipalities (NKS; SSI)

    • Nuclear waste management (EC:ARGONA;

      EC:CARGO; SKB: Social Science Programme)

  • Psychological and social phenomena

    • Reactions to radioactive fallout (EC:JSP2)

    • Crime, violence (AMFO)

    • Time perception (SSI)

    • Pandemic H1N1 (EC)


Which line is the longest

Which line is the longest?


Personal experiences of interdisciplinary international research work

Personal experiencesof interdisciplinary & international research work

  • Nobody speaks the same language

    • Due to mistakenly taking for granted that others have the same background, experience, and information

  • Focus on different research themes

    • From interesting to irritating

      to incomprehensible

  • Misunderstandings are common, but not always detected

    • Understanding that one does not understand is much preferable to not realizing that one hasn’t got a clue about what was said

  • In spite of everyone’s very good intentions, these sometimes pave the road to disaster

    • Unintentionally our expectations are based on success criteria from the own point of view

  • Attention to social and cultural factors is necessary for successful projects

    • Requires interest in others work and opinion

    • High degree of patience because it slows down work

    • There is sometimes a need to explicitely discuss expectations, goals and standards


Expectations and challenges

Goals;TRANSCAPACITYapplication Transboundary Resilience and Capacity-Building: Nordic Societal Security

ResearchersEnd-users

Larger Society

Specific research tasks

Education

Nordic Centre of Excellence

Societal Security

Documentation of challenges

Exchange of experience

Trans-national issues;

Authorities, companies, citizens, international organisations


Transcapacity expectations in the call

Transcapacity; Expectations in the call

Thematic framework. This call aims to:

- Address common Nordic societal security issues.

- Mobilise and qualify researchers for participation in EU Security research in Horizon 2020.

  • Due to increasing complexity and globalisation, new challenges are emerging regarding societal security issues. Research on societal security has developed differently in the Nordic countries.

  • Societal security comprises the ability of a society to sustain vital societal functions and secure populations' life, health, needs and basic values under extraordinary stresses, known as crises.

  • The proposal for a Nordic Centre of Excellence should address one or, preferably, more issues related to the following aspects of societal security:

    - Prevention

    - Capacity-building for response and recovery

    - Communication

    - Learning


Transcapacity expectations in the call1

Transcapacity; Expectations in the call

  • The applications should:

  • employ a multidisciplinary approach and focus on cross-sectoral and transboundary issues and consequences for the Nordic countries, of generic significance for societal security.

  • Topics can be examined in various empirical domains, to which expert knowledge and contextual aspects may be added.

  • Traditional but still important domains include the societal effects of the vulnerabilities in interdependent critical infrastructures and critical societal functions.

  • Examinations of new stressors to these systems and functions may be appropriate for a resilience management approach.


Transcapacity expectations in the call2

Transcapacity; Expectations in the call

The Nordic Centre of Excellence should have

  • the potential to address the challenges of managing the unexpected and the unknown.

  • The difficult but increasingly widely embraced concept of 'resilience' may capture the essence of what is required to meet the grand challenges relating to societal security in the future.

  • Research is needed on the various components of the concept of resilience in a human, socio-technical, societal, organisational, political and transnational context.


Transcapacity 3 legs

TRANSCAPACITY: 3 LEGS

6 WPs

International research teams & organisations connections

Partners in municipalities and business

National authorities

AIM: Prevention and Management of Major Hazardous Events in Society

(caused by technology, humans or weather)

Research

Education

Civic society

Existing and new:

PhD-courses

Master-courses

Open courses and training

Dissemination: Open Conferences & Seminars

Attachment to International risk, safety and crisis organisations


Overview no of participants transcapacity

Overview no. of participants TRANSCAPACITY


Expectations and challenges

Workshop

In Sweden; Connect to

”Åre Risk Event”

Workshop

In Denmark

Workshop

In Jyväskylä

Workshop

in Iceland

Nordic Societal Security Conference Trondheim

Deliverables: WP articles; Chapters in Edited Volume

Final reports

Initiation

Work teams

EUROFORM meeting

Connect to Norway ”Sikkerhetsdagene”

EUROFORM meeting

Connect to Helsinki, Living lab

EUROFORM meeting

Connect to Sweden: Radiological seminar

EUROFORM meeting

Connect to Iceland

Risk Analysis

EUROFORM meeting

Connect to Denmark

Communication

Reports Euroforum & Annual Reports


Transcapacity challenges

Transcapacity: Challenges

Groups of experts

Specifically:

Bridging gaps between

Different types of experts

Communication & dissemination standards

Country & organisational norms/cultures

Making sense of & handling disparate inputs and outputs in practice

Within the cooperation

Relative NordForsk/ NCoE

Developing a shared overview

Where various contributions fit the common goals

  • Research groups

  • End-user groups

  • Commercial interests/ Businesses

  • NGOs & Supporting organisations


Transcapacity challenges1

Transcapacity: Challenges

Various Realities

Specifically

Very different:

Types of work and goals

Responsibilities

Timeframes for work production

Expectations of results

Use of results

Personal styles

Etc.

Similar interest in exchange of information and experience to increase societal safety

  • End-users

  • Researchers

  • Businesses

  • NGOs, International organisations


Central challenges in research

Central challenges in research

Universities

Involvement

stakeholders

Private business and

enterprises

Other governmental

affiliated research

institutes


Societal challenges

Societal challenges

Trust and Seeds of Dystopia

Disparities & Social dilemmas

Expectancies vs. Realities

Hidden, Implicit & Active threats

Complexity & Scale of (potential) problems

  • Complexity and Uncertainty

  • Connectivity

  • Nations and Governance systems

  • Benefit to whom and risk to whom

  • Matter and Mind

  • The hard world

    • Existing and emerging technologies

  • The soft world

    • Citizens, consumers, individuals

  • The surrounding world

    • Natural environment; group identities

  • A globalworld?

    • Fact, risk or possibility?

    • Future relevance?

    • Comprehension?


Technology has developed faster than theory dekker 2011

“Technology has developed faster than theory” (Dekker, 2011)

  • Complexity lies ahead of our understanding of it

  • We can build and manage technology – in an isolated system

  • But,

    • Competition

    • Internal relationships multiple possible outcomes

    • Internal dependencies

  • We lack explicit or well-developed theories for how such complexity develops – and can be managed


Different prerequisites for safety

Different Prerequisites for Safety?

In Technology

In Social Contexts

Managed by removal of obstacles and hindrances through

Information

Communication

Lock-out systems

  • Managed by obstacles and hindrances through

    • Buffers

    • Conservative estimates

    • Back-up systems

Common Factors for Management

Knowledge, Skill, Resources, Planning, Willingness and Ability to act


Experiences from transcapacity

Σ Experiences from Transcapacity

  • Escalation of interest approaching deadline

  • Every ”group” wants to pursue their own field and interest – a challenge to relate the own contribution to a larger (and still not well-defined) picture

  • Free-riders and non-attendants

  • Personal styles vary: can be interesting, supportive, relaxed, overwhelming, timid, irritating, funny, etc.


Experiences from transcapacity1

Σ Experiences from Transcapacity

+

-

Many facets of:

Unfamiliarity ->

Uncertainty ->

Complexity

  • Seeing the necessity of cooperation for increased societal resilience


Recommendations

Recommendations

  • Organisation

    • Clarify common goals and specific contributions

    • Clarify budget use and supplement the financing

    • Organise for personal exchanges across groups

  • Communication

    • Underline personal communication

    • Communicate a lot

    • Always be prepared to explain what you see as obvious

  • Contents

    • Leave experts to do their work and focus on finding, and steering, the contributions into the common goal arena


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Interdisciplinary projects across national borders ought to be approached as exotic foreign countries

    • With care and careful planning

    • As interesting but potentially bewildering

    • Exposing you to a new ”language” and

    • Unexpected surprises

    • They probe into new frameworks laying the basis for new knowledge and practice – providing patience

    • Extremely rewarding if keeping up with the challenges


Thank you for your attention

Thank you for your attention!

Discussion


  • Login