December 16 2013
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December 16, 2013. Collect Current Event from Friday Video: Battle of Britain (w/ notes) Poland, Denmark, Norway, Netherlands Belgium, Luxembourg, France all surrender to Nazi’s by Summer, 1940. Quiz Wednesday: Ch. 24 (Sec. 1,2,4). Miracle at Dunkirk.

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December 16, 2013

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December 16 2013

December 16, 2013

  • Collect Current Event from Friday

  • Video: Battle of Britain (w/ notes)

  • Poland, Denmark, Norway, Netherlands Belgium, Luxembourg, France all surrender to Nazi’s by Summer, 1940.

  • Quiz Wednesday: Ch. 24 (Sec. 1,2,4)


Miracle at dunkirk

Miracle at Dunkirk

  • Poland, Denmark, Norway, Netherlands Belgium, Luxembourg, France all surrender by Summer, 1940.

  • Hundreds of thousands of Allied soldiers trapped at Dunkirk.

  • Miracle at Dunkirk: 338,000 French and British troops saved.

  • Three weeks later: June 22, 1940- France surrenders.


Battle of britain

Battle of Britain

  • May, 1940: Winston Churchill becomes British Prime Minister.

  • Hitler thought Britain would negotiate peace after France surrendered.

  • Prepared for German invasion.

  • Germany’s invasion began in the air because invasion across Channel would be too dangerous.

  • German Luftwaffe vs. RAF (Royal Air Force.)

  • Air battle from June, 1940-Oct. 1940 began with Luftwaffe attacking British Navy and RAF.

  • Aug 24, 1940: Luftwaffe accidentally bombed center of London.

  • RAF responds by bombing Berlin.

  • Hitler commands Luftwaffe to bomb Britain repeatedly.


Battle of britain1

Battle of Britain

  • Hitler wanted to terrorize the British so they would lose their will to fight.

  • British developed new technology called radar, giving them an advantage.

  • British RAF successful vs. the Luftwaffe.

  • Oct.12, 1940: Hitler stops the attempted invasion of Britain.

  • The Blitz: September 1940-May 1941: raids in which more than 100 tons of explosives were dropped on 16 British cities.

  • London was bombed by the Luftwaffe for 57 consecutive nights.


December 17 2013

December 17, 2013

  • Notes: 24.4- America Enters the War

  • 24.4 Vocabulary

  • Tomorrow: Ch. 24 Quiz (Sections 1,2,4)


America enters the war

America Enters the War

Chapter 24

Section 4


America enters the war1

America Enters the War

  • American neutrality declared 2 days after Britain & France declare war on Germany.

  • Neutrality Act of 1939: Allied nations could buy contrabandfrom U.S. (cash and carry)

  • Most Americans favored helping the Allies (Britain and France): Interventionists.

  • Isolationists formed America First Committee opposing intervention.


America enters the war2

America Enters the War

  • Dec.1940- Britain running out of money.

  • March, 1941: Congress passed Lend Lease Act: U.S. could lend or lease any weapons to Allies.


Japan attacks the united states

Japan Attacks the United States

  • Japanese expansion in Pacific threatened U.S. colonies.

  • Japan part of Axis Powers.

  • American response to all of this:

  • Loans and lend/lease military aid to China

  • Trade embargo on Japan (no more American oil, iron, steel.)

  • Japan wanted to control the entire Pacific.

  • Pearl Harbor, Hawaii: Home of largest U.S. Pacific Naval Base and Fleet.

  • December 7, 1941.

  • 21 US Navy ships damaged or sunk…

  • 188 planes destroyed…

  • 2,403 Americans killed; 1,178 injured

  • Congress declares war on Japan; Germany and Italy declare war on U.S.


December 18 2013

December 18, 2013

  • Return Work

  • Quiz: Ch. 24, Sections 1,2,4


25 2 the early battles

25.2 The Early Battles

U.S. Army Commander in the Pacific Douglas Macarthur


The fall of the philippines

The Fall of the Philippines

  • Two days after Pearl Harbor, Japaneselanded at the Philippines.

  • Douglas MacArthur, commander of U.S. Army in Pacific, tried to keep the Philippines.

  • U.S. troops pushed back from Manila to Bataan Peninsula, trapped and short on medical supplies and food.

  • MacArthur ordered by FDR to evacuate to Australia; many U.S. soldiers left behind.

  • American & Filipino troops fought until early 1942 until 75,000 surrendered.

  • Japanese forced these sick (malaria) and malnourished troops to march 65 miles up the Bataan Peninsula.

  • Over 7,000 American and Filipino troops died.

  • Bataan Death March.


The doolittle raid

The Doolittle Raid

  • Army Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle


The doolittle raid1

The Doolittle Raid

  • FDR wanted revenge on Japan to raise American spirits.

  • Lt. Colonel James Doolittle devised plan to attack Japan and bomb Tokyo from an aircraft carrier: USS Hornet.

  • 16 B-25 Bombers fly over Tokyo.

  • Killed 50 Japanese and damaged over 100 buildings.

  • Attack was minimal but raised American spirits.


The battle of coral sea

The Battle of Coral Sea

  • Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz


The battle of coral sea1

The Battle of Coral Sea

  • May, 1942 Japan moves towards New Guinea.

  • Americans confront them.

  • Battle occurred in middle of the Pacific.

  • Fighting was all air strikes as planes took off from aircraft carriers.

  • Although battle was a draw, U.S. strategically won.

  • Stopped Japan from conquering New Guinea.


Battle of midway june 1942

Battle of MidwayJune, 1942

  • June, 1942: Japanese launch attack @ Midway Island.

  • 362 Americans killed; 3,057 Japanese killed.

  • Here’s the story…


Turning back the german army

Turning Back the German Army

  • June, 1941: Hitler breaks Non-Aggression Pact with Soviet Union and invades.

  • Once U.S. entered WWII, Stalin wanted FDR to open second front in western Europe.

  • Soviet Union fighting on Eastern Front.

  • Churchill and FDR did not think Allies were ready for invasion in Western Europe.

  • They decided to attack Morocco and Algeria.


The struggle for north africa

The Struggle for North Africa

  • Britain was fighting Nazis in Egypt.

  • German forces known as “Africa Corps”, led by Erwin Rommel, “Desert Fox.”

  • Nov. 1942-American invasion of North Africa began led by Army Gen. Dwight Eisenhower.

  • American forces in Morocco, led by Gen. George Patton, captured Casablanca, then headed East to Tunisia.

  • British forces headed West into Libya to trap Rommel.

  • Battle of Kasserine Pass (Feb.1943)- Americans lose big to Germans (7,000 casualties.)

  • May, 1943: Americans and British force the Germans to surrender in North Africa.


Stalingrad

Stalingrad

  • June, 1941: Hitler breaks non-aggression pact and invades Soviet Union.

  • Within 6 months, Soviet military suffered 4.3 million casualties and Germany had captured 3 million Soviet prisoners.

  • May, 1942- Hitler ordered Nazi army to invade Stalingrad, city on Volga River that was the heart of Soviet industry with oil fields, farm land, railroad junction, etc.

  • If Germans captured Stalingrad, Soviets would be cut off from resources needed.

  • Hitler ordered the city captured at all costs; no retreat.

  • Fighting was house to house and neighborhood to neighborhood.

  • Heavy casualties on both sides.

  • Nov. 1942, Soviet reinforcements trap 250,000 German troops in Stalingrad.

  • Feb. 1943, 91,000 Germans surrendered.

  • July, 1942-Feb, 1943.

  • Red Army: over 1.1 million casualties

  • German Army: 850,000 Casualties


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