chemical nomenclature
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Chemical Nomenclature

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

Chemical Nomenclature - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 54 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chemical Nomenclature. Unit 4. Naming Type I Binary Compounds. Binary compound Made up of 2 elements consisting of a cation and an anion to make a Binary Ionic Compound Made of a metal and non-metal element. Rules for Naming Type I Ionic Compounds.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Chemical Nomenclature' - kimi


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
naming type i binary compounds
Naming Type I Binary Compounds
  • Binary compound
    • Made up of 2 elements consisting of a cation and an anion to make a Binary Ionic Compound
  • Made of a metal and non-metal element
rules for naming type i ionic compounds
Rules for Naming Type I Ionic Compounds
  • 1. The cation is always named first and the anion second
  • 2. A simple cation (obtained from a single atom) takes its name from the name of the element. For example: Na+ is called sodium in the name of compounds containing this ion
  • 3. A simple anion (obtained from a single atom) is named by taking the first part of the element name (the root) and adding –ide. Thus the Cl- ion is called Chloride
  • 4. Write the name for the compound by combining the names of the ions
type ii naming binary ionic compounds that contain metals that form more than one type of cations
Type II – Naming Binary Ionic Compounds that contain metals that form more than one type of cations
  • This type of compound contains a metal that can form more than one type of cation (Transition metals)
  • Differs from the Type I in that you place the Roman Numeral in the name
  • The Roman numeral tells the charge on the ion, not the number of ions present in the compound
examples1
Examples
  • CuCl
    • Cu(I) chloride
  • HgO
    • Mercury (II) oxide
type iii naming binary compounds that contain only nonmetals
Type III – Naming binary compounds that contain only nonmetals
  • 1. The first element in the formula is named first, and the full element name is used
  • 2. The element is named as though it were an anion
  • 3. Prefixes are used to denote the numbers of atoms present. These prefixes are given in the following table
  • 4. The prefix mono- is never used for naming the first element.
    • For example: CO is called carbon monoxide, not monocarbon monoxide
examples2
Examples
  • NO
    • Nitrogen monoxide
  • N2O5
    • Di nitrogen pentaoxide
  • SF6
    • Sulfur hexafluoride
  • SO2
    • Sulfur dioxide
  • P4O6
    • Tetra phosphorus hexaoxide
review
Review
  • Type I
    • Ionic compounds with metals that always form a cation with the same charge
  • Type II
    • Ionic compounds with metals (usually transition metals) that form cations with various charges
  • Type III
    • Compounds that contain only nonmetals
ad