Gloves

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Gloves

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1. Gloves

2. The Basics Necessity due to hand and finger exposure Often overlooked because they are such a small item

3. Equipment Description “A covering for the hand made with a separate sheath for each finger and for the thumb.” “A garment covering the hand.”

4. Gloves Designed to prevent or protect the user from harm on hands and sometimes arms

5. Historical Background Worn by cavemen to protect their hands; they took the form of bags resembling a primitive type of mitten.

6. Gloves

7. Construction Injury Statistics Of 45,966 construction worker injuries 4,203 finger injuries 2,898 hand injuries 1,401 thumb injuries 1,318 wrist injuries 122 wrist/hand injuries

8. Fatalities

9. Regarding the following slides: No Gloves (42%): There were no gloves present. Gloves Present/Removed (18%): The victim either had gloves near/on-site OR the victim removed gloves just prior to death. Improper Gloves (15%): The victim was wearing cotton or leather gloves, not electrical gloves. Proper Electrical Gloves (18%): Proper gloves were worn but different body part made contact. Improper Electrical Gloves (7%): The gloves were not rated for the Voltage being worked on. Fatalities

10. Reasons for Fatalities The electrical worker: Was blatantly working without gloves for a long period of time Quickly grabbed something after removing the gloves Was wearing gloves but an unprotected body part made contact Was wearing electrical gloves but they didn’t meet the voltage protection rating that the victim was exposed to Was only wearing cotton or leather gloves

11. What Can We Do?

12. Know When to Wear Exposure to extreme temperatures Chemicals or gases Friction Flying particles Electrical exposure Abrasion or cut potential Diseases Wet environments

13. OSHA Regulations Gloves are to be worn during these activities: Asbestos removal Handling hazardous wastes Electric transmission areas (above or below ground) Helicopter b/c of static charges Handling lead, cadmium, methylinedianiline Any first aid activity

14. OSHA Regulations General requirements — Employers must select and require employees to use proper hand protection when employees' hands are exposed to hazardous conditions, such as severe cuts or lacerations, punctures, absorption of harmful substances into the skin, severe abrasions, thermal burns, chemical burns, and harmful temperature extremes.

15. OSHA Regulations Selection — Employers shall base their selection of suitable hand protection on an evaluation of the performance characteristics of the hand protection relative to the task(s) to be performed, duration of use, conditions present, and the hazards and potential hazards identified.

16. OSHA Regulations “protective equipment shall be maintained in a safe, reliable condition” Gloves must be examined for any damage before every use and after every incident.

17. Know What to Wear Step 1: Identify the Hazard Step 2: Weigh all Options Step 3: Choose the Proper Type

18. Possible Uses Welding Chainsaws Chemical Removal Gripping and lifting objects

19. Hazards and Safety Concerns Typical hazards and safety concerns that gloves can protect the hands and body from: Vibrations (especially from tools) Electricity Chemicals Gases Extreme Temperatures (Hot and Cold) Welding Skin Absorption of Hazardous Materials Cuts, Abrasions and Punctures Gloves may also provide grip in many situations

20. Three P’s of Glove Selection Protection What type of hazard? Proper glove to match hazard Level of risk? Performance Dexterity Durability Price Don’t want to spend a fortune Choose an adequate glove.

21. How Much Does it Cost? Gloves range anywhere from about $2 per pair to $70 per pair. BUT The average cost per hand injury claim is over $10, 000

22. Key Safety Precautions If gloves do not fit properly they could cause: Delays Decreased Dexterity Hand Fatigue Increased Glove Wear and Tear Hand Injuries Catch on/in Machinery

23. Key Safety Precautions: Fitting

24. Types of Gloves You must use the correct type of glove for the particular use The material for one use may not protect a user in a different use For comfort and to protect the hands some gloves should be worn with cloth glove liners

25. Know What to Wear General Work Gloves Exposure to abrasive materials Material handling Everyday uses

26. Basic Protection Cotton and similar materials are suitable for light-duty jobs Leather Gloves are preferred for sharp edges, splinters and to protect from cuts and abrasions.

27. Uses for Gloves Chemicals/Acids: Prevent exposure to harmful skin irritants Wear rubber, neoprene, nitrile or PVC when exposure is possible

28. Electrical Protection Layered Glove System: 1st Liner Gloves to reduce discomfort, absorb perspiration and provide warmth (if necessary) 2nd Rubber Insulating Gloves by classification 3rd Leather Protector Gloves on top to protect the rubber from cuts, abrasions and punctures

29. OSHA Electrical Protective Equipment Standard Class 0—Max use voltage of 1,000 AC/proof tested to 5,000 Class 1—Max use voltage of 7,500 AC/proof tested to 10,000 Class 2—Max use voltage of 17,000 AC/proof tested to 20,000 Class 3—Max use voltage of 26,500 AC/proof tested to 30,000 Class 4—Max use voltage of 36,000 AC/proof tested to 40,000

30. Electrical Hazard Electrocution from High and Low Voltage Electrical Sources: Aboveground Power Lines Underground Power Lines Transformers Building Wiring Sometimes workers are unaware that they are exposed to electrical hazards and therefore are unprotected. Other times, workers are well aware of electrical hazards and continue to work with blatant disregard.

31. Uses for Gloves Electric Shock: Wear insulated protective gloves usually made of rubber to prevent these:

32. Know What to Wear Welding What type of welding? Heat?

33. Know What to Wear Grinding Flying Particles Heat Disc Cuts Electrical Hazard

34. Vibration Protection Anti-Vibration Gloves can Protect From Vibration Shock Impact

35. Vibration Hazard HAVS – Hand/Arm Vibration Syndrome White and Blue discoloration, especially with temperature change Numbness, Tingling and Loss of Nerve Sensitivity Musculoskeletal problems occur with fine motor movements Potentially Disabling

36. Vibration Hazard Potential Sources Pneumatic Drills Jackhammers Asphalt Breakers Power Chain Saws Chipping Tools Concrete Vibrators and Levelers Needle Guns and Scabblers Polishers Power Jigsaws Sanders and Angle Grinders Riveters Compactors Power Lawnmowers

37. Know What to Wear Chemical Handling Acidic? Basic? Flammable? Combustible?

38. The following table identifies certain glove materials to be worn for protection against chemicals that may injure the skin. This information can be used when the MSDS does not specify the type of glove to be worn. Chemical Protection

39. Chemical Protection

40. Uses for Gloves Extreme Heat: When welding, use either Superior Quality Leather or Kevlar (a duPont product) to minimize risk

41. Uses for Gloves First-aid: Prevent exposure to blood born pathogens at the workplace Verify that all first aid kits are equipped with gloves for emergencies

42. First Aid Hazard During first aid treatment, other workers are not focused on potentially exchanging bodily fluids. Reasons for not wearing gloves during first aid treatment: Victim’s safety and treatment Preventing additional accidents Disbelief that bodily fluid could be contaminated

43. First Aid Protection Disposable Latex or Vinyl Treat all blood and body fluids as if it was infected, even if the patient is a close friend From removal, invert the first glove and place it in the palm of the other hand. Then invert the second glove and dispose of properly

44. First Aid Protection

45. Gloves Prevent injuries/burns by using the appropriate gloves for your task Be mindful of all risks and protect yourself from harm Wearing all required protective gear including gloves reduces your injury risk

46. Best Practices Be sure to select the right gloves for the right purpose. Be mindful of all risks. Wear a cotton liner with gloves that cause hands to sweat. Ensure that the gloves fit properly.

47. Safe Work Practices Be aware of all risks to be encountered Select the right gloves for the right purpose. Gloves should provide enough cushioning on the palm to grasp an object. Wear a cotton liner with gloves that cause hands to sweat. Ensure that the gloves fit properly. Determine a glove’s life expectancy when performing a specific task.

48. Conclusion Always protect the hands; they are both the most valuable and most exposed tool a worker has. Always choose the proper glove type for the potential hazard. When in doubt, GLOVE UP!!!

49. Think Safety Work Safely

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