Democratic developments in england
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Democratic Developments in England. Ms. Ramos. Recap. Feudalism William the Conqueror Firm control, allegiance, taxes & census Henry II Common law, jury. Ms. Ramos. Recap cont. King John Abuse tax & pwr Magna Carta Nobles have rights Rule of law- incl monarchy.

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Democratic Developments in England

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Democratic developments in england

Democratic Developments in England

Ms. Ramos


Recap

Recap

  • Feudalism

  • William the Conqueror

    • Firm control, allegiance, taxes & census

  • Henry II

    • Common law, jury

Ms. Ramos


Recap cont

Recap cont

  • King John

    • Abuse tax & pwr

  • Magna Carta

    • Nobles have rights

    • Rule of law- incl monarchy

http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/king-john.htm

Ms. Ramos


Parliament gains strength

Parliament Gains Strength

  • Hundred Years War

    • 1337- 1453

    • Changed UK politically

      • Parliament controls “power of the purse”

      • Check/limit monarchy

Ms. Ramos


Triumph of parliament

Triumph of Parliament

  • James I- absolute monarch

    • Dissolves Parliament 1611 & 1614

  • Charles I

    • Like father

    • Needs $$- summons Parliament

Ms. Ramos


Democratic developments in england

The Constitution Project. 1642: England's First Civil War: Oliver Cromwell: King Charles is Beheaded. From Discovery Education. Video Segment. 1992. http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ (accessed 18 October 2010).


Democratic developments in england

  • Parliament insists on Petition of Right (1628)

    • Prohibits king raise taxes w/o Parliament

    • Habeas corpus

    • Charles dissolves Parliament next yr

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petition_of_Right

Ms. Ramos


Democratic developments in england

  • Long Parliament 1640-1653

    • Charles needs $

    • P. declares can’t be dissolved w/o own approval

    • Charles leads troops into H of Commons

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_England

Ms. Ramos


English civil war 1642 1649

English Civil War1642-1649

  • Parliament forms army led by Oliver Cromwell

  • Cromwell defeats king’s troops

  • Parliament tries & executes King Charles I

Battle of Naseby

http://users.moscow.com/khakimian/ecw.html

Ms. Ramos


Democratic developments in england

The Constitution Project. 1642: England's First Civil War: Oliver Cromwell: King Charles is Beheaded. From Discovery Education. Video Segment. 1992. http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ (accessed 18 October 2010).


Democratic developments in england

“The office of the king in this nation is unnecessary, burdensome and dangerous to the liberty, society and public interest of the people.”-Parliament

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/CharlesI_execution.htm

http://cookit.e2bn.org/library/1246214674/courtcharlesb.original.jpg

Ms. Ramos


The commonwealth

The Commonwealth

  • H of Commons abolishes monarchy, House of Lords, Church of England

  • Declare republic, led by Cromwell

Ms. Ramos


Democratic developments in england

  • Cromwell imposes military rule- 1653

  • Exile Catholics

  • Puritans gain influence

  • Cromwell dies, new Parliament restores monarchy inviting Charles’ son

Ms. Ramos

http://www.npg.si.edu/exhibit/britons/briton4.htm


Democratic developments in england

The Constitution Project. 1642: England's First Civil War: Oliver Cromwell: King Charles is Beheaded. From Discovery Education. Video Segment. 1992. http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ (accessed 18 October 2010).


Glorious revolution

Glorious Revolution

  • Charles II 1660

    • Avoided father’s mistakes

  • James II 1685

    • Suspend laws, flaunt Catholicism, appoints Catholics to high office

  • Ms. Ramos


    Democratic developments in england

    http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/14/King_James_II_from_NPG.jpg&imgrefurl=http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:King_James_II_from_NPG.jpg&usg=__qtwgcMZX89qB0BGgdFQyc0WrZR4=&h=2988&w=2400&sz=1654&hl=en&start=3&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=X_wWTrgpuh9KhM:&tbnh=150&tbnw=120&prev=/images%3Fq%3DkING%2Bjames%2Bii%2Bof%2Bengland%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26tbs%3Disch:1

    Ms. Ramos


    Democratic developments in england

    • Parliament offers throne to William (Dutch Protestant) and Mary (Protestant)

      • Land w/ army 1688

      • James II flees

    http://bigapple.typepad.com/my_weblog/2009/05/new-york-city-decade-by-decade16801689.html

    Ms. Ramos


    Glorious revolution1

    Glorious Revolution

    http://www.thegloriousrevolution.org/images/dec_of_rights.jpg

    Ms. Ramos


    English bill of rights 1689

    English Bill of Rights1689

    • William & Mary had to accept several acts---

      • Superiority of Parliament

      • Summon P regularly

      • H of Commons- pwr of purse

      • No suspend laws

      • No Catholic on throne

    http://anenglishmanschronicles.terapad.com/index.cfm?fa=contentGeneric.uxcntmhpiaradqwv&pageId=123849

    Ms. Ramos


    Democratic developments in england

    • Restated traditional rights:

      • Trial by jury

      • No excess fines

      • No cruel punishment

      • Habeas corpus

    Ms. Ramos


    Glorious rev english bill of rights est

    Glorious Rev & English Bill of Rights est:

    • Limited monarchy

      • Monarchy had to obey the law & govern in partnership w/ Parliament!!!

    Ms. Ramos


    Glorious revolution review

    Glorious Revolution Review

    • Complete the word sort on the next slide on the right side of your notebook.

    • Make a 2 column chart and place the strips in the correct column

    Ms. Ramos


    Democratic developments in england

    The Constitution Project. 1642: England's First Civil War: Oliver Cromwell: King Charles is Beheaded. From Discovery Education. Video Segment. 1992. http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ (accessed 18 October 2010).


    Democratic developments in england

    • Don’t forget to process your notes on the left!

    Ms. Ramos


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