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Democratic Developments in England. Ms. Ramos. Recap. Feudalism William the Conqueror Firm control, allegiance, taxes & census Henry II Common law, jury. Ms. Ramos. Recap cont. King John Abuse tax & pwr Magna Carta Nobles have rights Rule of law- incl monarchy.

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Democratic Developments in England

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Democratic Developments in England

Ms. Ramos


Recap

  • Feudalism

  • William the Conqueror

    • Firm control, allegiance, taxes & census

  • Henry II

    • Common law, jury

Ms. Ramos


Recap cont

  • King John

    • Abuse tax & pwr

  • Magna Carta

    • Nobles have rights

    • Rule of law- incl monarchy

http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/king-john.htm

Ms. Ramos


Parliament Gains Strength

  • Hundred Years War

    • 1337- 1453

    • Changed UK politically

      • Parliament controls “power of the purse”

      • Check/limit monarchy

Ms. Ramos


Triumph of Parliament

  • James I- absolute monarch

    • Dissolves Parliament 1611 & 1614

  • Charles I

    • Like father

    • Needs $$- summons Parliament

Ms. Ramos


The Constitution Project. 1642: England's First Civil War: Oliver Cromwell: King Charles is Beheaded. From Discovery Education. Video Segment. 1992. http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ (accessed 18 October 2010).


  • Parliament insists on Petition of Right (1628)

    • Prohibits king raise taxes w/o Parliament

    • Habeas corpus

    • Charles dissolves Parliament next yr

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petition_of_Right

Ms. Ramos


  • Long Parliament 1640-1653

    • Charles needs $

    • P. declares can’t be dissolved w/o own approval

    • Charles leads troops into H of Commons

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_I_of_England

Ms. Ramos


English Civil War1642-1649

  • Parliament forms army led by Oliver Cromwell

  • Cromwell defeats king’s troops

  • Parliament tries & executes King Charles I

Battle of Naseby

http://users.moscow.com/khakimian/ecw.html

Ms. Ramos


The Constitution Project. 1642: England's First Civil War: Oliver Cromwell: King Charles is Beheaded. From Discovery Education. Video Segment. 1992. http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ (accessed 18 October 2010).


“The office of the king in this nation is unnecessary, burdensome and dangerous to the liberty, society and public interest of the people.”-Parliament

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/CharlesI_execution.htm

http://cookit.e2bn.org/library/1246214674/courtcharlesb.original.jpg

Ms. Ramos


The Commonwealth

  • H of Commons abolishes monarchy, House of Lords, Church of England

  • Declare republic, led by Cromwell

Ms. Ramos


  • Cromwell imposes military rule- 1653

  • Exile Catholics

  • Puritans gain influence

  • Cromwell dies, new Parliament restores monarchy inviting Charles’ son

Ms. Ramos

http://www.npg.si.edu/exhibit/britons/briton4.htm


The Constitution Project. 1642: England's First Civil War: Oliver Cromwell: King Charles is Beheaded. From Discovery Education. Video Segment. 1992. http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ (accessed 18 October 2010).


Glorious Revolution

  • Charles II 1660

    • Avoided father’s mistakes

  • James II 1685

    • Suspend laws, flaunt Catholicism, appoints Catholics to high office

  • Ms. Ramos


    http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/14/King_James_II_from_NPG.jpg&imgrefurl=http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:King_James_II_from_NPG.jpg&usg=__qtwgcMZX89qB0BGgdFQyc0WrZR4=&h=2988&w=2400&sz=1654&hl=en&start=3&zoom=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=X_wWTrgpuh9KhM:&tbnh=150&tbnw=120&prev=/images%3Fq%3DkING%2Bjames%2Bii%2Bof%2Bengland%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26tbs%3Disch:1

    Ms. Ramos


    • Parliament offers throne to William (Dutch Protestant) and Mary (Protestant)

      • Land w/ army 1688

      • James II flees

    http://bigapple.typepad.com/my_weblog/2009/05/new-york-city-decade-by-decade16801689.html

    Ms. Ramos


    Glorious Revolution

    http://www.thegloriousrevolution.org/images/dec_of_rights.jpg

    Ms. Ramos


    English Bill of Rights1689

    • William & Mary had to accept several acts---

      • Superiority of Parliament

      • Summon P regularly

      • H of Commons- pwr of purse

      • No suspend laws

      • No Catholic on throne

    http://anenglishmanschronicles.terapad.com/index.cfm?fa=contentGeneric.uxcntmhpiaradqwv&pageId=123849

    Ms. Ramos


    • Restated traditional rights:

      • Trial by jury

      • No excess fines

      • No cruel punishment

      • Habeas corpus

    Ms. Ramos


    Glorious Rev & English Bill of Rights est:

    • Limited monarchy

      • Monarchy had to obey the law & govern in partnership w/ Parliament!!!

    Ms. Ramos


    Glorious Revolution Review

    • Complete the word sort on the next slide on the right side of your notebook.

    • Make a 2 column chart and place the strips in the correct column

    Ms. Ramos


    The Constitution Project. 1642: England's First Civil War: Oliver Cromwell: King Charles is Beheaded. From Discovery Education. Video Segment. 1992. http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ (accessed 18 October 2010).


    • Don’t forget to process your notes on the left!

    Ms. Ramos


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