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V. WHOSE WATER IS THIS? Challenges of participatory water management in Brazil: the case of Cantareira. The Piracicaba, Capivari, Jundiai Watershed Committee and the water permit renewal process of the Cantareira System. Fabiana Barbi

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slide1
V

WHOSE WATER IS THIS?

Challenges of participatory water management in Brazil: the case of Cantareira.

The Piracicaba, Capivari, Jundiai Watershed Committee

and the water permit renewal process of the Cantareira System.

Fabiana Barbi

Master’s student at PROCAM – USP (University of Sao Paulo)

presentation content
Presentation Content

1. Research context

2. Research question

3. Theoretical Approach

4. Research Directions

5. Methodological Approach

6. Conclusions

the region at a glance
The Region at a glance
  • Second industrial pole in the country
  • Responsible for 7% of Gross Internal Product
  • Around 5 million people in 15.320 km2
  • 74 municipalities (69 in SP

and 5 in MG)

environment
Environment
  • Civil society began to worry about the environment in this region in the 60’s, motivated by the fish kill due to river pollution.
  • This mobilization got stronger in the 70’s with intense river pollution due to industrial and demographical development and the water diversion to SP through the Cantareira System.
  • All this led to the creation of the Consortium in 1989.
slide9

Cantareira System - SP

The system was built in 1973 and is comprised of 07 dams, 07 water diversions and 48 km of tunnels and canals which allow, after the treatment at ETA Guaraú, the distribution of 31 m3/s of water in the SP Metropolitan Region according to the water permit from 1974.

reservoirs importance

SistemaCantareira

Sistema

Alto Tietê

Sistema

Baixo Cotia

Sistema

Alto Cotia

15%

20%

1,7%

49%

Reservoirs Importance

F. MORATO

F. Morato

F. DA

ROCHA

Mairiporã

MAIRIPORÃ

Sta. Isabel

F. da Rocha

R.Juquerí

Cajamar

P. B. Jesus

CAIEIRAS

Caieiras

R.ÁguasClaras

CAIEIRAS

ARUJÁ

ARUJÁ

Arujá

GUARULHOS

Guarulhos

GUARULHOS

Guararema

S. do

Parnaíba

ITAQUA

Itaqua

Mogi das Cruzes

R.Paraitinga

BARUERÍ

BARUERÍ

Poá

POÁ

Osasco

OSASCO

Salesópolis

F.

Vas.

F.

VAS.

São Paulo

CARAP.

JANDIRA

Jandira

Carap.

ITAPEVÍ

Itapeví

SÃO PAULO

R.P. Nova

Biritiba

Mirim

SUZANO

Suzano

SUZANO

S.C.

do

Sul

R. R. doCampo

S.C.

DO SUL

T. da

Serra

V.G.

PAUL.

T.DA

SERRA

Cotia

V.G.Paul.

R.Biritiba

Mirim

COTIA

STO.

ANDRÉ

Sto.

André

Embu

EMBU

Mauá

MAUÁ

R.Taiaçupeba

DIADEMA.

Diadema

R.Jundiaí

R.G.Serra

R.daGraça

R.PIRES

R.Pires

SistemaRio Claro

R.Guara

Piranga

R.G.

SERRA

Itap. Da

Serra

ITAP. DA

SERRA

Rib Estiva

R.P.Beicht

S.B.do

Campo

SistemaRibeirão da Estiva

S.B.DO

CAMPO

Embu

Guaçu

EMBU

GUAÇU

S.LOURENÇO. DA

SERRA

S.Lourenço da Serra

R.Billings

Sistema

Rio Grande

0,2%

Juquitiba

6%

Sistema

Guarapiranga

7%

Importância Relativa dos Sistemas Produtores

1,3%

research question
Research question

Facing the decentralization process in the water management and the possibility of different actors taking part in this process, the interest conciliation, cooperation capacity among actors and conflict negotiation are necessary.

?? How the cooperation history among the PCJ Committee members contributed to strengthen its negotiation capacity in the water permit renewal process of the Cantareira System?

important changes
Important Changes
  • Water Management State System from 1991, based in the French model.
    • Decentralized
    • Shared
    • Participative
  • Creation of the Watershed Committees.
    • Define strategies and projects on the watershed.
  • PCJ Committee was the first one in 1993.
slide13

PCJ Committee Structure

State17 Entities17 Votes

Municipalities69 Mayors17 Votes

Civil Society17 organizations17 Votes

Directory

President; Vice-President; Executive Secretary

Technical Chamber of Planning (Plenary Members)

CT-AS

Underground water

CT-EA

Environmental education

CT-ID

Technology and research difusion

CT-MH

Hydrological monitoring

CT-OL

Permits and licenses

CT-PB

Watershed Plan

CT-RN

Natural resources conservation and protection

CT-SA

saniting

CT-SAM

Environmental health

CT-Rural

Water use and conservation in rural areas

GT

CANTAREIRA

GA-Plano

GA-Rel. Sit.

water permit renewal process
Water permit renewal process
  • Many actors involved with different interests.
  • Negotiation lasted one and a half year.
the cantareira permit now and then
The Cantareira PermitNow and Then

.

  • 1974 – centralized decision
  • 30 years permit
  • Water priority to Sao Paulo M A (31 from 33 m3/s)
  • Centralized management by Sabesp
  • 2004 – participative process
  • 10 years permit
  • Gradual change in water priority (water bank, 6 m3/s to PCJ)
  • Participatory management
research direction
Research Direction

There is a satisfatory stock of

  • cooperation,
  • trust,
  • solidarity and
  • reciprocity among the members in this Committe

so that they can build institutional arrangements, adopting coordinated strategies to negotiate solutions to shared management problems, for instance, in the case of the water permit renewal.

theoretical approach
Theoretical Approach
  • “Much of the world is dependent on resources that are subject to the possibility of a tragedy of the commons.” (E. Ostrom)
  • “A group in an interdependence situation can organize and govern in order to obtain joint continuous benefits when they adopt coordinated strategies.” (E. Ostrom)
  • Social capital

The capacity that a group has to develop trust ties and cooperation networks in order to produce collective goods.

methodological approach
Methodological Approach
  • Cognitive social capital: trust, solidarity, reciprocity and cooperation.
  • Structural social capital: social networks.
  • Coordinated strategies lead to collective action – decision making, participation, resources mobilization and management, communication and conflict resolution.
conclusions
Conclusions
  • The Cantareira system water use permit renewal process opened important channels of participation, allowing the Universities to play an important role.
  • The negotiation process strengthened the Committee as a water management organization and the water management system as a whole.
  • It raised awareness in how people reflect on the natural resources depletion.
references
References
  • Projeto Marca d’Agua: www.marcadagua.org.br
  • ANA: www.ana.gov.br
  • CBH-PCJ: www.comitepcj.sp.gov.br
  • CONSORCIO: www.agua.org.br
  • DAEE: www.daee.sp.gov.br
  • Contact: [email protected]
ad