Political Legitimacy. How and Who has the power/authority to rule?. Political Legitimacy. Legitimacy - the right to rule. 3 Forms of Legitimacy (Max Weber) Traditional Legitimacy Charismatic Legitimacy Rational-Legal Legitimacy. Political Legitimacy. Legitimacy - the right to rule.
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How and Who has the power/authority
3 Forms of Legitimacy (Max Weber)
1. Traditional Legitimacy – the belief that tradition should determine who should rule & how.
King Louis XIV of France
A Divine Right Monarch
2. Charismatic Legitimacy – based on the dynamic personality of an individual leader or small group.
Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler
3. Rational-Legal Legitimacy – based on a system of well-established laws & procedures.
1) Common Law – based on tradition, past practices, and legal precedents set by the courts
ex.) United States
2.) Code Law – based on a system of written rules (codes) of law set by the legislature
ex.) China, Mexico, Russia
Factors that Encourage Legitimacy
1. Economic Well-Being – citizens tend to credit their
government with economic prosperity
2. Historical Longevity – governments (regime forms) that have been in place for a while
3. Charismatic Leadership – powerful factor
4. Shared Political Culture – citizens strongly identify with themselves & government
5. Satisfaction – citizens benefit from the government