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Mid-Term review r.1-r.6. 201 INTRO TO LITERATURE Prof. Everson. The girl burst out laughing; she knew she was nobody's meat. She laughed at him full in the face, she ripped off his shirt for him and flung it into the fire, in the fiery wake of her own discarded clothing. Title?.

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Mid term review r 1 r 6

Mid-Term reviewr.1-r.6

201 INTRO TO LITERATURE

Prof. Everson


Mid term review r 1 r 6

The girl burst out laughing; she knew she was nobody's meat. She laughed at him full in the face, she ripped off his shirt for him and flung it into the fire, in the fiery wake of her own discarded clothing.

Title?

“The Company of Wolves”

Author?

Angela Carter

Modern fairy tale / gothic

Type of story?

Climax, or Falling action

Part of plot?

Conflict?

Character vs. character

young female vs. predatory male

Resolution?

She seduces the wolf/man.


Mid term review r 1 r 6

“What’s the big hurry?” he asked. “It’s too hot to work so hard. And besides, there’s plenty of grain right here. Come and chat with me."

Title?

“The Ant & the Grasshopper”

Author?

Aesop

Type of story?

Traditional fable

Rising action

Part of plot?

Conflict?

character vs. character > contrast

hardworking planner vs. lazy pleasure seeker

Resolution?

Ant has food, grasshopper goes hungry


Mid term review r 1 r 6

“The lights in the city are multiplying and now it seems they are coming toward us!” said the sentinel to the General.

Title?

“Eleven Thousand Virgins”

Author?

Cayetano Coll y Toste

Legend

Genre?

Rising action or Climax

Part of plot?

Setting?

San Juan Puerto Rico, 1797

Historical figures?

Gen. Abercromby, Bishop Trespalacios, Gov. de Castro

Historical facts?

English invasion of PR in 1797, la rogativaprocession in honor of Sta. Ursula & the Eleven Virgins

English abandon the island & retreat to ships

Resolution?


Mid term review r 1 r 6

Once there was a little village girl, the prettiest that had ever been seen. Her mother doted on her. Her grandmother was even fonder, and made her a little red hood, which became her so well that everywhere she went by the name of Little Red Riding Hood.

Title?

“Little Red Riding Hood”

Author?

Charles Perrault

Type of story?

Traditional fairy tale

Exposition

Part of plot?

Conflict?

Character vs. character

Innocent girl vs. wily wolf

Resolution?

Wolf eats girl


Mid term review r 1 r 6

Alida was grief stricken and prayed to her god for help. “Do not let me marry this man whom I do not love!” The god took pity on her and changed her into a beautiful red flower.

Title?

“The Hummingbird”

Author?

unknown

Genre?

myth

Rising action

Part of plot?

To explain how hummingbirds came into existence and why they hum and jump from flower to flower

Purpose?

Resolution?

hummingbird is Taroo always looking for Alida the flower


Mid term review r 1 r 6

Once an a-- and a g-- crossed paths after being out of touch for years. They hadn’t seen each other since graduating from university together. When they met again, the a-- was headed for an important meeting at its business headquarters, while …

Title?

“The Ant & the Grasshopper”

Author?

Geoffrey Grosshans

Type of story?

Modern fable

Part of plot?

Exposition

character vs. character >contrast

worker ant vs. rich easy-going grasshopper

Conflict?

Resolution?

Both die: ant working, grasshopper having fun


Genres

Genres:

Fairytale

(traditional)

Setting

Time period: general past time

Characters:

Archetypal (flat, static) representing one human quality, often fantastical creatures and/or magical events occur

Fable

(traditional)

Setting:

Time period/setting: Timeless, natural setting

Characters:

Often animals with human qualities, flat and static characters representing one quality


Genres1

Genres:

Setting

Time period: timeless, general past time

Characters:

Archetypal (flat), often gods appear or fantastical creatures

Myth

Setting:

Specific historical time period (year, era)

Characters:

Includes real historical figures, and sometimes fictional ones

Legend


Rhetorical analysis

Rhetorical analysis:

Rhetorical analysis means understanding the ________, _________, and _________.

Questions to ask and answer about the:

author

text

audience

Author

Who is she or he?

Why is she or he writing this?

What else has she or he written?

What kind or type of story is this?

When was it written?

When was it published?

Has the text been changed? How?

Text

Audience

Who is the target audience?

What do they know about the author & text?

What do readers expect from the writer or text?


Definitions

definitions

Review all the definitions of literary concepts and elements presented in Lectures 1-4.

For example:


Character analysis

Character analysis

static round flat dynamic foil

A ________ character expresses one or two qualities and is easily summarized.

A ________ character is complex and displays internal conflicts found in real people.

A ________ character does not change in the story and the reader doesn’t learn more about her or him.

A ________ character undergoes a substantial change during the story.

A _______ character contrasts with the protagonist to make him or her appear better or more heroic.

flat

round

static

dynamic

foil


Mid term review r 1 r 6

  • tight / climax / in medias res / rising action / flashforward / exposition / loose /

  • relationship / flashback / resolution

  • Narrative is what happens, while plot is the ___ between events.

  • A traditional story usually has a __ plot told in chronological order.

  • Some plots are ____ and leave gaps so that the reader has to figure out the connection between events.

  • A story that begins in the middle of an action is narrated _.

  • Narration of events that happened earlier in time of the main action is a ___.

  • Narration of events that happen in the future, is a _____.

  • In the __ of the story, the main characters and setting are introduced.

  • The __ of a story is the point of highest action or the final conflict or crisis.

  • The __ of a story is where the conflict is developed through crises.

  • In the ___ of a story the consequences of the action or the final outcome is revealed.


Mid term review r 1 r 6

  • tight climax in medias res rising action flashforward exposition loose relationship flashback resolution

  • Narrative is what happens, while plot is the ________________ between events.

  • A traditional story usually has a _________ plot told in chronological order.

  • Some plots are _______ and leave gaps so that the reader has to figure out the connection between events.

  • A story that begins in the middle of an action is narrated _____________.

  • Narration of events that happened earlier in time of the main action is a __________.

relationship

tight

loose

in medias res

flashback


Mid term review r 1 r 6

tight climax in medias res rising action flashforward

exposition connection loose flashback resolution

6. Narration of events that happen in the future, is a ___________________.

7. In the ______________ of the story, the main characters and setting are introduced.

8. The ________ of a story is the point of highest action or the final conflict or crisis.

9.The _____________ of a story is where the conflict is developed through crises.

10. In the ___________ of a story the consequences of the action or the final outcome is revealed.

flashforward

exposition

climax

rising action

resolution


Literary elements definitions

Literary elements - definitions

--main character

Protagonist

--villain or foe

Antagonist

--contrasts with other (usually main) character

Foil character

Foreshadowing

--prepares reader for what comes later

--main struggle in story or novel

Conflict

--exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution

Plot structure

Point of view

--vantage point or narrative voice

Omniscient narrator

--knows all characters thoughts

Limited omniscient narrator

--knows some characters

First person narrator

--knows one character, main

Mixed narrator

--changes during a story


Literary elements definitions1

Literary elements - definitions

imagery

--collection of images to evoke mood, tone

--a set of repeated imagery (ex.: birds)

motif

symbol

--a singular image that stands for something else

allegory

--an extended metaphor

tone

--the author’s attitude toward the subject

irony

--meaning is opposite of what is expected

Verbal irony

--what is said is opposite of what is meant

Situational irony

--actions have opposite effect

Dramatic irony

--audience knows something the characters don’t so the actions or words have opposite meaning


Rhetorical analysis1

Rhetorical analysis:

Be able to discuss one example:

“Ant & Grasshopper” Aesop

Information about:

Author: Aesop

Text: story / fables

Audience: target audience – 6th c. BCE

“Ant & Grasshopper” Grosshans

Information about:

Author: Geoffrey Grosshans

Text: story /modern fables

Audience: target readers: contemporary internet readers

“Little Red Riding Hood” Charles Perrault

Information about:

Author: Charles Perrault

Text: story/fairytale

Audience: target readers: 16th century France – nobility (rich)

“The Company of Wolves” Angela Carter

Information about:

Author: Angela Carter

Text: story /modern fairytale

Audience: target readers: 1970s-1980s England/US women


Character analysis1

Character analysis:

Discuss one example of:

“Ant & Grasshopper” Aesop

– ant and grasshopper

Flat characters?

“Little Red Riding Hood” Perrault

– Little Red Riding Hood and wolf

“The Hummingbird” Unknown

– Alida, Taroo

Round characters?

“Ant & Grasshopper” by Geoffrey Grosshans

– ant and grasshopper

“The Company of Wolves” by Angela Carter

– young woman and wolf-man

“Eleven Thousand Virgins” by CayetanoColl y Toste

– Adm. Abercromby and Bishop Trespalacios


Plot analysis

plot analysis:

Examples of:

“Ant & Grasshopper” Aesop

grasshopper comes to ant for food

“Little Red Riding Hood” Perrault

wolf eats little Red Riding Hood

Climax?

“Ant & Grasshopper” Grosshans

ant & grasshopper die

the highest point of action, final struggle.

“The Company of Wolves” Carter

young woman seduces wolf-man

“The Hummingbird” Unknown

Alida turned into a flower / or Taroo turned into a hummingbird

“Eleven Thousand Virgins”

by CayetanoColl y Toste

– Adm. Abercromby abandons the island


Personal response

Personal response

Which story did you like the most? Why?

“Ant & Grasshopper” Aesop

Traditional fable

“Little Red Riding Hood” Charles Perrault

Traditional fairy tale

“Ant & Grasshopper” Geoffrey Grosshans

Modern fable

“The Company of Wolves” Angela Carter

Modern fairy tale / gothic

“The Hummingbird” Unknown

Myth / origin myth

“Eleven Thousand Virgins”

by CayetanoColl y Toste

legend


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