KEY CONCEPT - GENRE. Genre is a French word for 'type' or category. Genres have certain distinctive main features. These features have come to be well understood and recognized through being repeated over a period of time. GENRE.
Repetoire or repetition of elements
Exercise: Can you name the stock characters from any other media text. For example horror films, soaps, sit-coms, reality TV programmes.
Iconography: Those particular signs that we associate with particular genres.
Name other props that are associated with specific genres.
2. Costumes: Specific costumes can be associated with specific genres. For example: astronaut suits – Science Fiction, sombrero – westerns, expensive suits – gangster, bright colourful colours on TV – children’s programmes, suits – News programmes.
3. Settings: These elements are typical, distinctive and recognisable for a given genre. Their importance varies from text to text. The settings of quiz shows such as Weakest Link and Question of Sport are very distinctive.
4. The themesor ideas which run through and come out of the stories are very much part of genres. Themes also tie in with the value messages that the genre is projecting. For example, all genre narratives say something about conflict between good and evil. But the theme of the fear of technology is central to Science Fiction films, not other genres. Fear of the unknown is central to horror.
5. Stars: Some stars or celebrities become associated with specific genres. Arnold Schwarzenegger is associated with action films, John Wayne with westerns, Bruce Lee/ Jackie Chan martial arts, Hugh Grant with romantic comedies.
6. Sounds: Some sounds are instantly associated with specific genres. A creaking door with horror, a sound of a space ship with science fiction.