Soc 695 Family Violence Research In World Perspective Murray A. Straus. PSYCHOLOGICAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED What is psychological abuse? Problems in defining psychological abuse
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Soc 695 Family Violence Research In World Perspective Murray A. Straus
B. DEFINITION BASED ON PARENT BEHAVIOR
(THE DEFINITION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AGGRESSION
USED FOR THE THREE NATIONAL SURVEYS
AND FOR THIS COURSE)
Psychological aggression is a communication intended to cause the child to experience psychological pain. The communicative act may be active or passive, or verbal or nonverbal (Solomon & Serres, 1999; Vissing et al., 1991)
10 or more – 100 times more cases than known to child protective services
25 or more = 50 times more cases
Nationally Representative Sample of 1,000 children 0-17
The top 25%
times in past yr
Any Psych. Aggression:
90% by age 2 and stays that high
Severe Psy. Aggression goes up as children get older
STUDY OF PARENTS IN AUSTIN TEXAS
The opposite of “sticks and stones may break my bones but names will never hurt me”
Not a denial of the hurt. Words to help children survive psych aggression by peers & parents
NATIONAL FAMILY VIOLENCE SURVEY
THE MORE VERBAL AGGRESSION BY PARENTS, THE MORE PHYSICALLY AGGRESSIVE THE CHILD, EVEN WHEN PHYSICAL VIOLENCE TO CHILD BY PARENTS IS CONTROLLED (ALSO CONTROLLED ON AGE & SEX OF CHILD AND FAMILY SES)
THE DOUBLE WHAMMY – SHOWS THE SEPARATE AND COMBINED EFFECTS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL ABUSE
AS A CHILD
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VERBAL AGGRESSION
AND CHILD BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS
1. The more verbal aggression by parents, the greater the probability of the child being physically aggressive, delinquent, or having interpersonal problems.
2. Even children who are raised in homes where they are never hit experience behavior problems associated with verbal aggression.
3. The strong relationship between verbal aggression and psychosocial problems applies for all age groups, and for both boys and girls, in both low and high SES families
4.Verbal aggression is more closely related to psychosocial problems of the child than is physical aggression by parents.
5. The combination of verbal aggression and abusive violence was found to be more strongly related to psychosocial behavior problems of the child than experiencing either by themselves.