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OTA 100 – Introduction to Occupational Therapy. Historical Foundations. Historical Foundations. Moral Treatment Grounded in the philosophy that all people, even the most challenged, are entitled to consideration and human compassion. http://hamiltonparanormal.com/centurymanor/century4.jpg.

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historical foundations
Historical Foundations
  • Moral Treatment
      • Grounded in the philosophy that all people, even the most challenged, are entitled to consideration and human compassion.


historical foundations1
Historical Foundations
  • Arts & Crafts Movement
      • Based on the belief that using one’s hands to make items connected people to their work, physically and mentally, and helped with restoring health


historical foundations2
Historical Foundations
  • Founders
      • Susan Cox Johnson
      • George Edward Barton
      • Eleanor Clark Slagle
      • William Rush Dunton
      • Isabelle Newton
      • Thomas Kidner


historical foundations3
Historical Foundations
  • 1917
      • The National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy
  • 1921
      • American Occupational Therapy Association



historical foundations4
Historical Foundations
  • 1942-1960
      • Rehabilitation Movement



historical foundations5
Historical Foundations
  • 1958
      • Occupational Therapy Assistant


centennial vision
Centennial Vision
  • By the year 2017, we envision that occupational therapy is a powerful, widely recognized, science-driven, and evidence-based profession with a globally connected and diverse workforce meeting society’s occupational needs.
centennial vision1
Centennial Vision
  • Powerful
      • Leadership role in health care delivery systems
      • Education as basis for power
      • Active in policymaking
      • Use of technology to provide services
      • Influence change to benefit society
centennial vision2
Centennial Vision
  • Widely recognized
      • Clear, compelling public image
      • Consumer friendly language
      • Widespread understanding of OT
      • OT identity and scope protected by law
      • Value of occupation to health and wellness recognized by society
      • Increased OT consumer demand
centennial vision3
Centennial Vision
  • Science-driven
      • Greater research capacity and productivity to develop new and more effective methods in OT practice
      • Science-based knowledge blended with occupation-based practice in all setting
      • Premier universities seek occupational scientists to engage in research
centennial vision4
Centennial Vision
  • Evidence-based
      • All OT practice areas supported by evidence
      • OT efficacy data widely available
      • All payers cover OT because of efficacy, savings, benefits, etc.
centennial vision5
Centennial Vision
  • Globally connected and diverse workforce
      • Global OT community
      • Increased involvement in members
      • AOTA is an essential tool of the profession
      • OT roles include: practitioners, educators, researchers, scientists, and entrepreneurs
      • Members reflect society’s diversity
      • New alliances with other professions
centennial vision6
Centennial Vision
  • Occupational needs
      • Active participation in life contributes to health because it “enables individuals to utilize their biological capacities and potential” (Wilcox, 1993).
centennial vision7
Centennial Vision
  • Occupational needs
  • That man, through the use of his hands as they are energized by mind and will, can influence the state of his own health.

- Mary Reilly, 1961