Preterite and imperfect
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Preterite and Imperfect. Uses for Preterite Uses for Imperfect Examples TDLC ¿Necesita más información? Mira los apuntes del Libro - Páginas 63,68. Preterite Used to describe an action in the past with a specific beginning or end. (set point in time) (completed action)

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Preterite and Imperfect

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Preterite and imperfect

Preterite and Imperfect

  • Uses for Preterite

  • Uses for Imperfect

  • Examples

  • TDLC

  • ¿Necesita más información? Mira los apuntes del Libro - Páginas 63,68


Preterite and imperfect1

Preterite

Used to describe an action in the past with a specific beginning or end.

(set point in time)

(completed action)

-ayer, anoche, anteayer...

Imperfect

Used to describe an indefinite time period ongoing in the past (childhood, once upon a time, etc)

cuando era niño, había una vez, érase una vez...

Preterite and Imperfect


Preterite and imperfect2

Preterite

Used in a sequence of events—when the action is “moved forward in the past”, preterite is used.

primero, entonces, después, luego, por fin...

Imperfect

Used to describe background information and habitual events. (how something looked etc/ what someone “used to” do.

siempre, muchas veces, todo el tiempo, a menudo ..

Preterite and Imperfect


Preterite and imperfect3

Preterite

Used for an interrupting action.

cuando, de repente

Imperfect

Describes ongoing action in the past that gets interrupted.

mientras (while)

Preterite and Imperfect


Preterite and imperfect4

Preterite

Tener-to receive/to have had (like a baby)

Ella tuvo un hijo en 1982.

Estar-to arrive

Estuvimos en la escuela a las 8:00.

Imperfect

Time (ser)

Age and feelings (tener and estar)

Estaba triste.

Tenía tres años.

Teníamos hambre.

Eran las dos.

Preterite and Imperfect


Usos del imperfecto a paw tale

Usos del imperfectoA PAW TALE

  • AgeCuando tenía8 años, me gustaba ir al zoológico.

  • Physical condition Después de mis clases, estaba cansado y tenía sueño.

  • AppearanceMi mejor amiga erarubia tenía ojos azules.

  • WeatherHacía fresco en el otoño y llovíamucho.

  • Time Eran las 8 de la mañana cuando iba a la escuela.

  • Attitudes & desires Quería ser médico y mi hermano deseaba

    ser bombero.

  • LocationMi casa estaba cerca de la playa.

  • EmotionYo estaba muy triste y lloraba cuando mi mascota se murió.


Verbs that change meaning according to past tense used see page 62 in text

Verbs that Change Meaning According to Past Tense Used (See page 62 in text.)

  • Conocer

    • Imperfect-to used to know who somebody was.

      • Mario conocía a Susana.- Mario knew Susana.

    • Preterite-to have MET someone for the first time.

      • Mario conoció a Susana.-Mario met Susana


Other verbs with meaning changes

Other Verbs With Meaning Changes

  • Saber

    • Imperfect-To know or not know information.

      • Ella sabía las respuestas en la prueba ayer. (She knew the answers to the quiz yesterday.)

    • Preterite- To find out information for the first time.

      • Ella supo las respuestas de la prueba ayer. (She found out the answers to the quiz yesterday)


Other verbs with meaning changes1

Other Verbs With Meaning Changes

  • Querer

    • Imperfect- To have wanted something.

      Yo quería ganar la lotería

      (I wanted to win the lottery)

      Don’t know if it will happen – no follow through

    • Preterite-to tried to AND to did it

      (follow through and action)

      • Ella quiso ir a Homecoming con el caballero (She tried to go with him—and she DID)


Other verbs with meaning changes2

Other Verbs With Meaning Changes

  • No Querer

    -Imperfect- To not want to do it

    No quería hacer la tarea y perdí puntos.

    (I did not want to do the homework and I lost points.)

    -Preterite – To refuse to do it.

    No quise hacer la tarea y no me importa.

    (I refused to do the homework and I don’t care.)


Other verbs with meaning changes3

Other Verbs With Meaning Changes

  • Poder

    • Imperfect-to have the ability to do it (??? on follow through)

      • Ana podía entrar la clase. (Ana was able to enter the room—we don’t know if she did or not)

    • Preterite-to be able to do it & succeed or fail (action has been completed—there is follow through)

      • Ana no pudo entrar la clase. (Ana failed to enter the class—she tried and couldn’t do it)


Other verbs with meaning changes4

Other Verbs With Meaning Changes

  • Tener

    -Imperfecto – I had

    Yo tenía frío ayer.

    (I felt cold yesterday)

    -Pretérito – I got

    Yo tuve la oportunitdad de hacer el trabajo.

    (I got to do the job.)


Examples

Examples

  • Ella me ______________ por teléfono ayer. (hablar)

    habló; set point in time

  • __________ las dos de la tarde. (ser)

    Eran; time

  • Ella fue a la escuela. Entonces, _______ un examen. (tomar)

    tomó; sequence of events


More examples

More examples

  • Mientras ____________ yo, vi a un chico guapo en la calle. (caminar)

    caminaba; action that gets interrupted.

  • Mi familia viajó a España cuando _________ 6 años. (tener)

    tenía; age

  • Ella _________ triste porque se cayó ayer. (estar)

    estaba; feelings


Tdlc en grupos

TDLC: en grupos

  • paquete Actividad 3 (todo)

    -Write verb conjugation and reason why it is preterite or imperfect. You do not have to write out the entire paragraph.

    Ej: #1 era; indefinite period of time (childhood)

    #2 ____; _____________________


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