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Review your notes from Friday, Monday, & Tuesday for your quiz. PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Review your notes from Friday, Monday, & Tuesday for your quiz. Peasants, Trades, & Cities. New Agriculture. After invasions, people settled & food increases Cultivate land by cutting down trees & draining ditches

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Review your notes from friday monday tuesday for your quiz

Review your notes from Friday, Monday, & Tuesday for your quiz.


Peasants trades cities

Peasants, Trades, & Cities


New agriculture

New Agriculture

After invasions, people settled & food increases

Cultivate land by cutting down trees & draining ditches

Iron used to make scythes, axes, & hoes for farming; also nails & hammers for building


New agriculture1

New Agriculture

Carruca- wheeled plow with iron plowshare (turns heavy clay soils); very heavy

Used 6-8 oxen (very slow)

Carruca & animals were very expensive (bought by village)

Effect: growth of farming villages

Crop rotation


Manorial system

Manorial System

Manor- agricultural estate that a lord ran & peasants worked(became serfs)

Serfs- bound to the lord and the land; provide labor services, pay rent, & subject of lord’s control

Build barns, dig ditches, paid rent with food, used lord’s land, paid tithes to church

Serfs couldn’t leave manor without lord’s permission or marry outside people


Life of peasants serfs

Life of Peasants & Serfs

Cottages made of wood; 1 or 2 rooms; hearth for heating & cooking

Aug. & Sept. harvest time especially bread for winter

Oct. planted for winter crops

Nov. slaughter livestock; not enough food to feed animals through winter

Feb. & March land plowed for spring crops

Summer- sheepshearing& weeding

*worked their land & lord’s land*

Holidays (feast days)


Revival of trade

Revival of Trade

Growth of major cities (Italy & Flanders) due to trade

City life was dirty; water & air pollution; danger of fires

Venice build mercantile fleet

Flanders trade high quality woolen cloth

Trade fairs where people traded furs, spices, silk, etc.

Trade increased & demand for gold & silver coins arose

Money economy- economic system based on money rather than trade


Revival of trade1

Revival of Trade

Craftspeople organize guilds (business associations)

Set standard of product, price, & number of people in craft

Apprentice- young person to learn trade; not paid but gets free room & board (5-7yrs)

Journeymen worked for master for money

Worked on masterpiece to produce final piece which gets judged to become a master

Once a master, join guild


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