Institute of geophysics faculty of physics university of warsaw
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Institute of Geophysics Faculty of Physics University of Warsaw. Hanna Pawłowska. Atmospheric Physics Department in the Institute of Geophysics. Our activity in airborne measurements. Investigation of clouds In national campaigns In international campaingns. Construction of instruments.

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Institute of geophysics faculty of physics university of warsaw

Institute of GeophysicsFaculty of PhysicsUniversity of Warsaw

Hanna Pawłowska

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Atmospheric physics department in the institute of geophysics

Atmospheric Physics Departmentin the Institute of Geophysics

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Our activity in airborne measurements

Our activity in airborne measurements

  • Investigation of clouds

  • In national campaigns

  • In international campaingns

  • Construction

  • of instruments

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Outline of the presentation

Outline of the presentation

  • Some history

  • Construction of instruments

  • Research within international campaigns

  • Plans for the future

  • Our activity in EUFAR

  • Our activity in COPAL

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Our story begins in 1974

Our story begins in 1974...

Investigation of small convective clouds

1974-1995

Kętrzyn and Warszawa

  • A complete set of developed instrumentsto measure

  • air temperature,

  • pressure,

  • humidity,

  • liquid water content,

  • total water content

Special development:

  • hygrometer with temperature stabilization,

  • anti-droplet protection for various cloud measurement sensors

powered motoglider Ogar

Institute of Aeronautics

Institute of Geophysics

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Institute of geophysics faculty of physics university of warsaw

and...

Investigation of dynamics of cooling tower and stack plumes

1983-1989

Bełchatów, Kozienice and Warszawa

Wilga

Ogar

Aircrafts: Ogar, Wilga (Institute of Aeronautics)

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Ultra fast thermometer uft

temperature fluctuations in cloud

temperature fluctuations (°C)

distance (m)

Ultra Fast Thermometer (UFT)

collaboration with the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, DLR

1992-2000

Aircrafts: DLR Dornier DO-228, Falcon

4 cm

Prototype UFTthermometer for in-cloud measurements onboard DLR DO-228 aircraft.

  • Characteristics:

  • measurement principle: resistance thermometer, shielded by aerodynamical rod from impact of cloud droplets;

  • sensing element: platinum coated tungsten wire, diameter 2.5 micrometers;

  • time response: of order of 10-4s, depending of the true-air speed;

  • temperature resolution: better than 0.05K at 70m/s;

  • data recording: 10Ksamples/second, measurement at every 1cm at 100m/s

Fluctuations of temperature in centimeter scale

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Ultra fast thermometer uft1

Ultra Fast Thermometer (UFT)

  • UFT IN EXPERIMENTS

  • SMCS – Florida, 1995, Meteo-France Merlin IV

  • WiFE - Colorado, 1998, NCAR C-130 Hercules

  • AIRS - Canada, 1999-2000, Environment Canada Convair

  • DYCOMS-II - San Diego, California, 2001, NCAR C-130

  • EMERALD - Adelaide, Australia, 2001, ARA Egrett

  • The Aberystwyth Egrett Experiment - Boscombe Down, UK, 2001,ARA Egrett

  • BBC-2- Cabauw, The Netherlands, 2003, Meteo-France Merlin IV

UFT-F thermometer on Meteo-France Merlin-V aircraft during BBC-2 research campaign

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Aerosol characterization experiment ace 2

Aerosol Characterization Experiment ACE-2

June-July 1997

subtropical Atlantic

(vicinity of Canary Islands)

POLISH PARTICIPTION

Hanna Pawłowska, scientific visitor at CNRM (Meteo-France)

Jean-Louis Brenguier (CNRM, Meteo-France) was coordinator of the CLOUDY-COLUMN project

4. FP UE, IGAC

CLOUDY-COLUMN project

in ACE-2

study of the aerosol indirect efect

(aerosol-cloud-radiation interaction)

The largest unknown in the climate change estimations

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Aerosol characterization experiment ace 21

ARAT F27

Do 228

remote sensing of cloud radiative properties: ARAT F27, DLR Do 228

Above cloud:

In cloud:

cloud microphysics: Meteo-France Merlin IV

Below cloud:

aerosol properties: MRF C-130, Pelican (Cessna Skymaster)

Aerosol Characterization Experiment ACE-2

Do 228

Merlin IV

Merlin IV

C-130

Pelican

CLOUDY - COLUMN

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Aerosol characterization experiment ace 22

Aerosol Characterization Experiment ACE-2

  • SCIENTIFIC OUTPUT OF ACE-2

  • (only IGF part)

  • 5 peer revievedpublications

  • 5 conference papers

  • PACE

  • (Parameterization of the aerosol indirect climatic effect)

  • 5.FP UE, 2000-2002

  • for the first time IGF is

  • a partner in EU project

  • 5 peer revieved publications

  • 5 conference papers

CLOUDY-COLUMN

OUTPUT

  • A complete database of stratocumulus cloud microphysical properties

  • First experimental evidence of the aerosol indirect climatic effect

Figure was referred to in the IPCC 2001 report

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Dycoms ii

DYCOMS- II

  • The Second Dynamics and Chemistry of Marine Stratocumulus field study (DYCOMS-II)

  • specifically designed to provide:

    • a suite of test cases for subsequent simulation;

    • tests of LES derived entrainment parameterizations.

  • POLISH PARTICIPTION

  • Supported by a NSF grant

  • SCIENTIFIC OUTPUT

  • 3 peer reviewed publications

  • 5 conference papers

San Diego, California, 2001

NCAR C-130

UFT under the wing of NCAR C-130 Hercules during DYCOMS-II research campaign.

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Other experiments

Other experiments

  • BBC 2 (Baltex Bridge Experiment)

    • Cabauw, The Netherlands, May 2003

    • Flights of Meteo-France Merlin IV with UFT was financed by CAATER (pre EUFAR)

  • RICO (Rain in Cumulus over the Ocean)

    • Antigua and Barbuda, December 2004 – January 2005

      University of Wyoming King Air, FAAM BAE 146, NCAR C-130

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Scientific output of airborne reserach

Scientific output of airborne reserach

From 1990:

46 peer revieved publications

23 issued form airborne research

From 1996 (based on SCI):

649 citations

348 citations of airborne – based research

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Plans

Plans

  • Comming experiments

  • Instruments

    • Construction of an ‘industrial’ version of UFT

    • Integration of UFT in a modular airborne turbulence probe

  • Aerosol airborne research

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Intensive measurement period at cesar tower

INTENSIVE MEASUREMENT PERIOD AT CESAR TOWER

EUCAARI (European Integrated project on Aerosol Cloud Climate and Air Quality interactions)

May 2008, Cabauw, The Netherlands

Aircrafts: SAFIRE-ATR42, NERC –Do228

Boundary layer clouds

Characterization of cloud microphysical structure

Modelling of boundary layer clouds

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Post physics of stratocumulus top

POST – Physics of Stratocumulus Top

2008, Monterey, California.

Aircraft: CIRPASS Twin Otter

Project supported by the NSF

UFT installed on the aircraft

Goal:

Investigation of details of mixing process at the top of Stratocumulus

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Our students in eufar

  • Join an existing campaign

  • AMMA (African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses), 2006, Burkina Faso , M55 Geophysica (Sylwester Arabas)

  • CLAPREC (Clouds, Aerosol and Precipitation ), 2006, Portugal, FAAM - BAe146, (mgr Piotr Drzewiecki)

  • COPS, 2007, Germany, FZK - ENDURO , (Katarzyna Bednarek)

Summer school in Iasi (Romania), July 2007

(Sylwester Arabas, mgr Dorota Jarecka, dr Wojciech Kumala)

SEASALT (Signatures of Evaporation of Artificial Snow in Alpine Lower  Troposphere), 2008, Austria, FZK - ENDURO

(Sylwester Arabas)

Plan your own campaign

Our students in EUFAR

National Contact: mgr Ela Grzeszczak PhD student in the Institute of Geophysics

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Our activity in copal

Our activity in COPAL

  • Construction and mobilization of Polish consortium for participation to the construction, instrumentation and operation of the COPAL European infrastructure

  • Participation in COPAL workpackages:

    • Legal structures (WP 2)

    • Instrumentation and development (WP 5)

    • Scientific Governance (WP 6)

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Copal polska web page http copal igf fuw edu pl

COPAL – Polska web pagehttp://copal.igf.fuw.edu.pl

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


Copal

COPAL

dr hab. Hanna Pawłowska, prof. UW

dr Iwona Stachlewska

[email protected]

Pierwsze Seminarium COPAL-Polska, Warszawa, 18 stycznia 2008 r.

Instytut Geofizyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Hanna Pawłowska


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