Biodiversity of the gulf of mexico
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Biodiversity of the Gulf of Mexico. by Wes Tunnell Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. Regional Affiliate CoML Project. Goals: Census/inventory all biota Book and Web Determine species distribution depths habitats

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Biodiversity of the Gulf of Mexico

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Biodiversity of the gulf of mexico

Biodiversity of the Gulf of Mexico

by

Wes Tunnell

Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies

Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi

Regional Affiliate CoML Project

  • Goals:

  • Census/inventory all biota

  • Book and Web

  • Determine species

    • distribution

    • depths

    • habitats

    • literature

  • Determine taxonomic expertise

  • Determine gaps in knowledge


2007 scientific results

2007 Scientific Results

Data compilation completed

  • ~15,500 species in 38 phyla/divisions

  • 77 chapters (taxa)

  • 138 authors/co-authors

  • 71 institutions

  • 14 countries

H. Moody

H. Moody

Submitted to Texas A&M University Press

  • September 2007

  • Possible publication in late 2008


2007 scientific results1

2007 Scientific Results

Gulf of Mexico – Origin, Waters, and Biota

(50 – year update of Bulletin 89: 1954)

  • Economics (May 2007)

  • Geology (September 2007)

  • Biota (September 2007)

  • Ecosystem-based Management (November 2007)

  • Physical Oceanography (2008)

  • Chemical Oceanography (2009)

  • Human Issues (2009)


Diversity

Diversity

Comparison of Selected

Marine Species Inventories

Geographic

Region

Total No.

Species

Geographic

Size

Compiler

Unknown: of 38 phyla/divisions range of unknown species varies from 0% (reptiles, mammals) to 100% (nematomorphs, loriciferans)


Biodiversity of the gulf of mexico

Distribution

Example of Checklist: (Calder-Hydroids)


Abundance

Abundance

Gulf of Mexico Diversity Project

Did Not Deal with

Abundance

(due to variation in LME)


Biodiversity of the gulf of mexico

Steps Toward Project Synthesis for 2010

Questions to be asked in

Phase II (Digital Phase)

Example of Taxa Tabulations


Synthesis outputs

Synthesis Outputs

Paper being developed for Science or Nature on overall project.

Synthesis will come in next phase:

  • Phase I – concept, tabulation of data, book

  • Phase II – conversion to digital/database

    – placement on World Wide Web

    – GulfBase (www.gulfbase.org)

    – OBIS (www.iobis.org) (?)

    – synthesis, analysis

Photos: F. Moretzsohn


Visualization communication

Visualization & Communication

Gulf of Mexico Distribution/Boundaries


Science impacts i

Science Impact

Science Impacts I

2003 Questions

  • What do we know now about Gulf of Mexico biodiversity?

  • How many species reside in the Gulf of Mexico (LME)?

  • Which species are endangered? Threatened? Invasive? Extinct?

  • Which species are in which habitat?

  • What is the distribution of each species?

  • What taxonomic and ecologic literature is available?

  • Who are the taxonomic authorities for Gulf species?

  • Where focus future efforts – taxonomically, geographically?


Biodiversity of the gulf of mexico

Science Impacts II

  • Benefits and Uses:

    • Access checklist 24/7

    • Utilize full bibliographic database of all species

    • Use checklist to determine species/taxon distribution by depth,

    • geographic location, habitat

    • Identify knowledge gaps by taxa, geographic region, habitat

    • Focus research towards knowledge gaps

    • Utilize data to establish MPAs

    • Utilize for EIS preparation

    • Follow trends in threatened, endangered, and invasive species

    • Map patterns of species richness

    • Provide consistent taxonomy

    • Use for conservation and management

    • Update or post new information immediately and at low cost


Biodiversity of the gulf of mexico

Development of Invasive Species “Early Warning System” with NOAA, HRI, TPWD

Invasive Species Initiative on oil and gas platforms with SERC and HRI

Societal Impact of Results to Date


Project data available in obis

Project Data Available in OBIS

None!

Will it be?

H. Moody


Next steps

Next Steps

  • Phase II

    • conversion to digital/database (2008)

    • placement on GulfBase (late 2008)

    • multiple analyses and applications (2009-2010)

H. Moody

M. Wicksten

H. Moody


Limits to knowledge

Limits to Knowledge

?

In Prep!

Questions?


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