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The Importance of Learning Strategies in ELT Sandra J. Briggs TESOL Past President 2008-2009 [email protected] Learning strategies are powerful. They help language learners become independent learners. They help language learners make the most of the English they have. I. Introduction

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The importance of learning strategies in elt l.jpg

The Importance of Learning Strategies in ELT

Sandra J. Briggs

TESOL Past President 2008-2009

[email protected]





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I. Introduction they have.


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II. Goals of This Talk they have.

  • Understanding learning strategies better

  • Understanding better how to use them yourselves

  • Understanding how to train your students to use them


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III. Definition they have.

Oxford, Rebecca. (1990). Language Learning Strategies: What Every Teacher Should Know. Boston: Heinle & Heinle



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Strategies are especially important for language learning because they are tools for active, self-directed involvement, which is essential for developing communicative competence.


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Appropriate language learning strategies result in improved proficiency and greater self-confidence.


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IV. Two Learning Strategy Examples proficiency and greater self-confidence.


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Jun Liu Example proficiency and greater self-confidence.Learning Strategies

  • Memorize.

  • Take risks.

  • Learn from your mistakes.


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National English Speaking Competition Example proficiency and greater self-confidence.Learning Strategies

  • Memorize.

  • What could be others?


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V. Categories proficiency and greater self-confidence.

  • Direct Strategies

  • Indirect Strategies

    • Metacognitive Strategies

    • Social/Affective Strategies


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Direct Strategies proficiency and greater self-confidence.

These are memory, cognitive, compensation, and study skills. The learner uses these directly on the language.


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Direct Strategies proficiency and greater self-confidence.Examples

  • Have a key example.

  • Take notes.

  • Draw a picture.

  • Summarize.

  • Memorize.


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Metacognitive Strategies proficiency and greater self-confidence.

You are using metacognitive strategies when you think about language and organize your learning.


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Metacognitive Strategies proficiency and greater self-confidence.Examples

  • Set up goals and objectives.

  • Evaluate how you are doing.


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Social/Affective Strategies proficiency and greater self-confidence.

When you use social/affective strategies, you are thinking about how you feel about your language learning and you are working with other people to learn.


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Affective Strategies proficiency and greater self-confidence.Examples

  • Listen to your body.

  • Encourage yourself.


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Social Strategies proficiency and greater self-confidence.Examples

  • Ask questions of other people.

  • Cooperate with others on a task.


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Social/Affective Strategies proficiency and greater self-confidence.Example

Discuss your feelings with another person.


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VI. My Experience with Learning Strategies proficiency and greater self-confidence.


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Rubin, Joan & Thompson, Irene. (1982). proficiency and greater self-confidence.How to Be a More Successful Language Learner. Boston: Heinle & Heinle

Finding Out About Learning Strategies


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Rubin proficiency and greater self-confidence.Strategies

  • Find your own way.

  • Make your own opportunities.

  • Learn to live with uncertainty.

  • Make errors work.


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Oxford, Rebecca. (1990). proficiency and greater self-confidence.Language Learning Strategies: What Every Teacher Should Know. Boston: Heinle & Heinle


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O’Malley, J. Michael and Chamot, Anna Uhl. (1990). proficiency and greater self-confidence.Learning Strategies in Second Language Acquisition. New York: Cambridge University Press.


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Using Language Strategies proficiency and greater self-confidence.in My Classes

  • Experiment.

  • Emphasize that it is a process.

  • Pick one strategy.

  • Research it.

  • Teach and practice it.

  • Allow students to decide if it is right for them.


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Lessons from Research Done in My Classroom proficiency and greater self-confidence.

  • All students use some strategies.

  • Beginning students need learning strategies as much, if not more, than more advanced students.

  • Teachers can teach learning strategies and learners can learn them.


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Writing proficiency and greater self-confidence.Grammar: Strategies and Practice

  • Making my own strategy list

  • Writing learning strategy lessons


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Grammar: Strategies and Practice: Beginning proficiency and greater self-confidence. Unit 1 Page 7

Strategies: Using Learning Strategies

Learning strategies help you learn faster.

This book tells you about different learning strategies. You will practice the learning strategies. They will help you understand the grammar in the book.


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3. For example, paying attention is a learning strategy. In this unit, you use the verb to be in sentences, yes/no questions, and information questions. Pay attention to the word order to help you understand.

Sentence:

Subject + verb + rest of sentence + .

Yes/No question:

Verb + subject + rest of sentence + ?


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Information question: this unit, you use the verb

Question word + verb + subject + rest of sentence + ?

Exercise 9: Practicing a New Strategy

Find some sentences, yes/no questions, and information questions in this unit. Run your finger under the words in each sentence and name the word order.


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Practice for us that is not in the book: this unit, you use the verb

Sentence: Mr. Jones works with children.

Yes/no question: Are you a science teacher?

Information question: What is your name?


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Grammar: Strategies and Practice: Advanced this unit, you use the verb Unit 11 Page 85

Strategies: Using Telegraphic Writing

In telegraphic writing, you omit all words that the reader can put back in automatically. Repeated words and phrases, articles, parts of verbs, and polite extras can usually be omitted. The words in light type in this passage can be omitted to leave telegraphic writing.


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Please this unit, you use the verb send $150 to me immediately. I am stranded in a small town with a broken-down car.

2. When are you brainstorming and trying to get your ideas down on paper, it is helpful to use words, phrases, and telegraphic writing rather than full sentences.

3. There are other reasons to omit unnecessary words. You may want to take notes, and you can take them faster if you don’t have to write out everything.


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4. Telegraphic writing will help you recognize the most important part of any message and will help you record it in the least space and in the least amount of time.

Exercise 11: Practicing a New Strategy

Go back to an explanation of a grammar point in this book. Take notes on the explanation in telegraphic writing. Then set your notes aside for a day or two. Read them again to see if they make


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sense to you. Then give them to a partner to see if he or she can put back in the words that you took out.


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VII. How Learning Strategies Help Teachers she can put back in the words that you took out.

  • Planning lessons

  • Using learning strategies for yourselves


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VIII. Learning Strategies Everywhere she can put back in the words that you took out.

Once you start looking for learning

strategies, they are everywhere.


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IX. Conclusion she can put back in the words that you took out.

  • Remember?

  • Learning strategies are powerful.

  • They help language learners become independent learners.

  • They help language learners make the most of the English they have.

.


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IX. Conclusion she can put back in the words that you took out.

  • I hope that you leave

  • understanding learning strategies better

  • understanding better how to use them yourselves

  • Understanding how to train your students to use them

.


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IX. Conclusions she can put back in the words that you took out.

  • I also hope that you see

  • how learning strategies can make your students more self-reliant

  • that your students can truly be in charge of their own learning

.


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