Euthanasia and assisted suicide
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Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide. Overview. Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide is an ongoing issue around the world Fear that medical advancements no longer allow death to be a serene moment, instead prolonging death Excellent example of the effects of moral relativism. Definitions.

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Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

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Euthanasia and assisted suicide

Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide


Overview

Overview

  • Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide is an ongoing issue around the world

  • Fear that medical advancements no longer allow death to be a serene moment, instead prolonging death

  • Excellent example of the effects of moral relativism


Definitions

Definitions

  • Active Euthanasia: Deliberate killing of someone with the intention of ending all suffering

  • Passive Euthanasia: withholding or withdrawing life support, nutrition, or water without a person’s consent, with the specific intention of ending that person’s life


Definitions con t

Definitions Con’t

  • Assisted Suicide: providing a person with the means to end his/her life

  • Doctor-Assisted Death: physician-assisted suicide and active euthanasia performed by a physician


The church s stance

The Church’s Stance

  • Euthanasia and Doctor-Assisted Suicide is ALWAYS wrong

  • The good of the sanctity of human life, that life that God bestowed on us, can never be sacrificed for the sake of the good self-determination

  • Against the 6th Commandment, “Thou shall not kill”


Dignity of human life

Dignity of Human Life

  • Life is always good and may never be taken

  • “Human life is sacred because from its beginning it involves the creative action of God and it remains for ever in a special relationship with the Creator, who is its sole end. God alone is the Lord of life from its beginning until its end: no one can under any circumstance claim for himself the right directly to destroy an innocent human being.” CCC 2258


Misconception that leads to euthanasia

Misconception that Leads to Euthanasia

  • Judgment that life is not worth living

    • Arrogant view that has lead to lives being taken throughout history

      • Euthanasia and Suicide

      • Murder

      • Genocide


Declining extraordinary measures

Declining “extraordinary measures”

  • Euthanizing and forgoing extraordinary measures are two separate issues

  • Extraordinary measures: any measures that are disproportionate to the expected results OR measures that impose an excessive burden on the patient and family


Ordinary vs extraordinary

Ordinary vs. Extraordinary

  • Anything not primarily considered ordinary medical care

  • Consider these factors:

    • Degree of complexity

    • Amount of risk involved

    • Cost and accessibility

    • State of the sick person

    • His resources

  • Proper nourishment (food and water)

  • Ordinary medical care:

    • Offer reasonable hope of benefit

    • Are not unduly burdensome to the patient or family


Declining extraordinary measures con t

Declining Extraordinary Measures con’t

  • The person is placing himself in God’s hands and prepares to leave this life

  • Maintains ordinary means of health care


Imminent and inevitable death

Imminent and Inevitable Death

  • One can, in good conscience, “refuse forms of treatment that would only secure a precarious and burdensome prolongation of life, so long as the normal care due to the sick person in similar cases is not interrupted” (Evangelium Viate, n65)


Pain relievers

Pain Relievers

  • Pain relievers are a morally acceptable way of subduing suffering

    • Some choose not to take pain relievers

  • Pain relief is still acceptable even if it has the secondary, but not intended, effect of hastening the end of life


Example

Example…

  • A person is dying of cancer which has metastasized throughout his body. The disease causes the man to go into a coma and he must be fed intravenously and use a respirator. His kidneys fail and it becomes clear that the situation is not reversible

  • Medical technology is not providing any hope of recovery or benefit at this point; it is prolonging death

  • The respirator has now become an extraordinary measure, so turning it off would be morally acceptable.


But isn t it better to end suffering

But isn’t it better to end suffering?

  • No one enjoys suffering, nor should anyone wish for someone to experience it

  • We must remember that we have been baptized into Christ’s passion, death and resurrection

    • We share in our Lord’s cross, and that may be very painful at times

    • We are united with Christ with our suffering


Suffering con t

Suffering con’t

  • It is VERY difficult to understand the purpose of suffering

  • But…by uniting our suffering with Christ’s, we expiate (atone—make amends) the hurt caused by our sins and help expiate the sins of others

  • Sometimes suffering will finally heal the wounds that have divided families


Death is not the end

Death is NOT the end

  • Faith in the resurrected Lord teaches us that while we live on earth, it is not our abiding home.

  • St. Francis of Assisi spoke of “Sister Death” as a friend who carries us from this life to the Father’s house.

  • We should not fear death


Some consequences of euthanasia and doctor assisted suicide

Some Consequences of Euthanasia and Doctor-Assisted Suicide

  • The vulnerable may be pressured to to seek an earlier death by third parties

    • Danger may increase as health resources decrease or become more expensive


Consequences con t

Consequences con’t

  • The role of the physician and trust in him would be undermined

  • Palliative care would be marginalized


Consequences con t1

Consequences con’t

  • How is suffering defined? What about the depressed, infirm, frail, etc.


Consequences con t2

Consequences con’t

  • Diminish respect for human life

  • Erode the basic trust that human life will be protected

    • Essential trust to have for the functioning of any society


The hippocratic oath 350 b c

The Hippocratic Oath (350 B.C.)

  • “…I will neither give a deadly drug to anyone if asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect…”

  • “First, do no harm.”


Social and cultural factors affecting the debate in the 1990s

Social and Cultural Factors Affecting the Debate in the 1990s:

  • Secularism

  • Moral relativism

  • Radical personal autonomy

  • The growing AIDS epidemic

  • Families have fewer children

  • Emphasis on reducing the cost of healthcare


Is euthanasia assisted suicide legal anywhere

Is euthanasia/assisted-suicide legal anywhere?

  • Netherlands (1984). In 1990, 9% of deaths were D.A.S. or euthanasia

  • Oregon: “Death with Dignity” Act (1997); Washington; Montana

  • Belgium: 2002

  • Switzerland: euth. not legalized, doctors aren’t punished for D.A.S.

  • Northern Territory of Australia: 2006


Won t they regulate it

Won’t they regulate it?

  • “Regulations” are in place, but a ‘slippery slope’ occurs

    • Records are difficult to maintain and can be altered or not maintained

    • People argue that “suffering” is a relative term

    • When a person is unconscious, others are responsible for his/her decision


Euthanasia results in the netherlands number of cases in 1990

Euthanasia Results in the Netherlands - Number of Cases in 1990


Http www pregnantpause org numbers netheuth htm

http://www.pregnantpause.org/numbers/netheuth.htm


Resources

Resources

  • http://www.leaderu.com/orgs/tul/ott-euthanasia.html#lessons

  • http://www.catholicenquiry.com/life-and-death/what-is-the-churchs-position-on-euthanasia.html

  • http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/view.cfm?id=307

  • “Going to the House of the Father”. Ontario Conference of Catholic Bishops. April 2007

  • COLF pamphlet entitled: Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: Urgent Questions!

  • http://www.euthanasia.com/hollchart.html


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