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Understanding Personality: The Humanistic/Existential Perspectives PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Understanding Personality: The Humanistic/Existential Perspectives. What is ‘personality’?. unique way a person thinks, acts and feels throughout life is stable over time many perspectives in personality, we will focus on humanistic and psychodynamic perspectives.

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Understanding Personality: The Humanistic/Existential Perspectives

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Understanding Personality:The Humanistic/Existential Perspectives


What is ‘personality’?

  • unique way a person thinks, acts and feels throughout life

  • is stable over time

  • many perspectives in personality, we will focus on humanistic and psychodynamic perspectives


A ‘Phenomenological’ approach

  • Behavior is determined by the phenomenological reality of a person

  • Must know what the world is like for that person, no two people are the same


Abraham Maslow’s Need Hierarchy


Abraham Maslow (p. 343-344)

  • peak experiences

  • criticism?


Carl Rogers’ Person-Centered Approach

  • we all need love and approval

  • we all have a desire to develop our unique potential- a “self-actualizing tendency”


Carl Rogers’ Person-Centered Approach

  • self- concept: the ‘real’ and ‘ideal’ selves

  • Unconditional Positive Regard

  • empathy, genuineness

  • mirroring


Existential Approaches

  • free will and choice, leading to responsibility

  • the search for meaning


Viktor Frankl’s Logotherapy

  • finding meaning in life

  • not so much mental illness as existential frustration


Frankl’s Logotherapy (cont.)

  • the existential vacuum

  • ultimate goal is SELF-TRANSCENDENCE


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