understanding personality the humanistic existential perspectives
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Understanding Personality: The Humanistic/Existential Perspectives

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Understanding Personality: The Humanistic/Existential Perspectives. What is ‘personality’?. unique way a person thinks, acts and feels throughout life is stable over time many perspectives in personality, we will focus on humanistic and psychodynamic perspectives.

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Presentation Transcript
what is personality
What is ‘personality’?
  • unique way a person thinks, acts and feels throughout life
  • is stable over time
  • many perspectives in personality, we will focus on humanistic and psychodynamic perspectives
a phenomenological approach
A ‘Phenomenological’ approach
  • Behavior is determined by the phenomenological reality of a person
  • Must know what the world is like for that person, no two people are the same
abraham maslow p 343 344
Abraham Maslow (p. 343-344)
  • peak experiences
  • criticism?
carl rogers person centered approach
Carl Rogers’ Person-Centered Approach
  • we all need love and approval
  • we all have a desire to develop our unique potential- a “self-actualizing tendency”
carl rogers person centered approach7
Carl Rogers’ Person-Centered Approach
  • self- concept: the ‘real’ and ‘ideal’ selves
  • Unconditional Positive Regard
  • empathy, genuineness
  • mirroring
existential approaches
Existential Approaches
  • free will and choice, leading to responsibility
  • the search for meaning
viktor frankl s logotherapy
Viktor Frankl’s Logotherapy
  • finding meaning in life
  • not so much mental illness as existential frustration
frankl s logotherapy cont
Frankl’s Logotherapy (cont.)
  • the existential vacuum
  • ultimate goal is SELF-TRANSCENDENCE
ad