Review of Work. End of WWII Sketch to Stretch. As the Allied armies were sweeping across Europe, they were also attacking Japanese forces that had been plaguing the Pacific islands and Asia. The Allies greatly outnumbered the
Review of Work
also attacking Japanese forces that had been plaguing the
Pacific islands and Asia. The Allies greatly outnumbered the
Japanese. Although the Allies did suffer about 14,000 casualties
during this Pacific campaign, the losses for the Japanese were far
worse. The Japanese would lose almost every soldier they
had in most battle, especially on the island of Saipan. Despite
being outnumbered, the Japanese fought to the bitter end.
Many charged to their deaths carrying nothing but spears, others
jumped off cliff sides to avoid capture. The surrender of
Germany left only Japan to defeat, and the actions of the Japanese
showed the price of final victory would be immense.
Philippines and to invade Japan forcing their surrender. To gain
control of the Pacific Ocean the US forces used a strategy of
capturing some Japanese-held islands and going around others.
This was called “Island Hopping”. In this campaign as each island
was won it became a stepping stone to Japan. The strategy was
deadly. First a ship shelled an island then waded onto it slowly
riddling it with heavy gunfire. Many lives were lost. In addition,
American forces had help in communication during these campaigns
from the Native Americans of the US. Navajo Code-Talkers were
Native Americans of the US who transmitted verbal messages about
the island hopping strategy. The Japanese often intercepted such
messages but they were unable to translate these foreign languages.
Union (Stalin) met in Germany to negotiate the end of war in
Europe the Allied leaders got news of the completion of a new
weapon of mass proportions. The Atomic Bomb was created
and was ready for use. The leaders were meeting in Potsdam,
Germany at the time and decided to issue the
“Potsdam Declaration” to Japan warning them to surrender or
faced the deadly weapon. Not knowing of the power of this
new Atomic bomb, Japan ignored the warning and fought on.
On August 6 and 9, 1945 Atomic bombs were dropped on the
Japanese cities of Hiroshima and then Nagasaki.
catastrophic effects on Japan. The blast in Hiroshima killed at
least 70,000 people and injuring an equal number.
Approximately 40,000 died in Nagasaki and even more were
injured there. The radiation produced by the bombs left after
effects for generations to come in the form of deadly illnesses
and birth defects. Despite the destruction, the bombings had
their desired effect. On September 2, the USS Missouri
entered Tokyo harbor and the emperor of Japan formally
surrendered on board. This day became known as V-J Day
(“Victory in Japan” Day). Though too many died, the world
celebrated. World War II was over.