Body composition questions
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 26

Body Composition Questions PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 35 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Body Composition Questions. Why is exercise an essential part of fat-loss programs? Increases E expenditure. Creates a negative E balance. Retains muscle tissue. Increases use of fat as a fuel. Hormone secretion. Body Composition Questions.

Download Presentation

Body Composition Questions

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Body composition questions

Body Composition Questions

  • Why is exercise an essential part of fat-loss programs?

  • Increases E expenditure.

  • Creates a negative E balance.

  • Retains muscle tissue.

  • Increases use of fat as a fuel.

  • Hormone secretion.


Body composition questions1

Body Composition Questions

  • How does improved CV fitness help control body composition?

  • Can accomplish more work.

  • Use fat as a primary fuel source.


Body composition questions2

Body Composition Questions

  • What effect does exercise have on the resting metabolic rate?

  • Increases RMR.

  • Increases post-exercise MR.


Body composition questions3

Body Composition Questions

  • Is aerobic exercise better than resistance exercise for fat loss?

  • Resistance training may be as effective as aerobic training in fat-loss programs.

  • Both should make-up a fat-loss program.


Body composition questions4

Body Composition Questions

  • Is high-intensity exercise better than low-intensity exercise for fat loss?

  • The duration of the exercise and total distance is much more important than the speed (intensity) of exercise for maximizing the energy expenditure.


Body composition questions5

Body Composition Questions

  • Are spot reduction exercises effective for decreasing body fat in localized regions of the body?

  • No.

  • The regional distribution and mobilization of adipose tissue appears to follow a biologically selective pattern regardless of type of exercise.


Body composition questions6

Body Composition Questions

  • Why should a fat loss diet include at least 55-65% carbohydrates?

  • CHO helps maintain normal function of the nervous system because nerve tissue relies solely on glucose as a fuel for energy.


Body composition questions7

Body Composition Questions

  • Consuming adequate amounts of CHO on a daily basis prevents the depletion of glycogen stores and the need to synthesize glucose from the body’s protein (protein-sparing effect).


Body composition questions8

Body Composition Questions

  • When glycogen stores are depleted, the glucose needs of the body are met through the breakdown of muscle protein.

  • This leads to a loss of lean tissue rather than fat.


Body composition questions9

Body Composition Questions

  • CHO is also essential for fat metabolism.

  • When CHOs are restricted or CHO stores are depleted, more fatty acids are mobilized from adipose tissue that can be metabolized by the body.


Body composition questions10

Body Composition Questions

  • This results in the incomplete breakdown of lipids and the formation of ketone bodies that may cause ketosis.


Body composition questions11

Body Composition Questions

  • In addition, muscle glycogen and glucose are the primary fuels used during intense, short-term exercise and prolonged, submaximal exercise.


Body composition questions12

Body Composition Questions

  • Inclusion of adequate amounts of CHO in the diet prevents depletion of muscle glycogen and the consequent reduction in endurance performance.


Body composition questions13

Body Composition Questions

  • Why do low-carbohydrate diets produce such a rapid weight loss?

  • Diets that limit or totally exclude CHO produce a rapid weight loss.

  • When CHO intake is low, muscle glycogen stores are depleted rapidly.


Body composition questions14

Body Composition Questions

  • For every gram of CHO, 3 grams of H20 are stored in the body.

  • When glycogen stores are depleted, the loss of water leads to a dramatic weight loss because each liter of water weighs approximately 2 lbs.


Body composition questions15

Body Composition Questions

  • The weight is regained rapidly, however, when CHO intake returns to normal.


Body composition questions16

Body Composition Questions

  • Why are low carbohydrate diets unsafe?

  • Low CHO intake may lead to fatigue, hypoglycemia, and ketosis.


Body composition questions17

Body Composition Questions

  • Are high-protein diets safe?

  • High-protein diets that limit CHO intake promote muscle tissue loss.

  • When CHO intake is restricted, the glucose needs of the body are met by breaking down proteins.


Body composition questions18

Body Composition Questions

  • Excessive protein intake does not promote protein synthesis.

  • Instead the excess protein is metabolized.


Body composition questions19

Body Composition Questions

  • The amino acids are deaminated, the excess nitrogen is excreted in the urine as urea, and the remaining carbon skeleton is converted to glucose or used as an energy fuel.


Body composition questions20

Body Composition Questions

  • Some high-protein diets require drinking large quantities of water to prevent the dehydration caused by excess urea production and to wash away ketone bodies.


Body composition questions21

Body Composition Questions

  • Dehydration and the additional stress placed on the kidneys may be potentially dangerous, especially for individuals with kidney problems or gout.


Body composition questions22

Body Composition Questions

  • Are high-fat diets unsafe?

  • Yes

  • They produce high levels of serum cholesterol and triglycerides which may lead to atherosclerosis.


Body composition questions23

Body Composition Questions

  • Typically high-fat diets are high in calories, therefore a smaller volume of food must be consumed.

  • There are no metabolic pathways in the body for converting fatty acids to glucose, so excess fat is stored in adipose tissue.


Body composition questions24

Body Composition Questions

  • What is the danger of fasting or skipping meals to promote weight loss?

  • Potential side effects include kidney malfunction, hyperuricemia, loss of hair, dizziness, fainting, and muscle cramping.


Body composition questions25

Body Composition Questions

  • When the body is deprived of food, it responds by increasing the fat-depositing enzymes and storing more fat.

  • The body will also metabolize protein to meet its energy needs.

  • Body will absorb more of the food that appears in digestive system.


  • Login