A primer on Affordable housing and homelessness. By: Nick Falvo Presentation to United Church Women Location : Barrhaven United Church Ottawa, Ontario February 17, 2014. Overview. Government support for housing Social assistance Social housing Homelessness “Housing First” Summary.
By: Nick Falvo
Presentation to United Church Women
Location: Barrhaven United Church
February 17, 2014
“Capital gains realized on the sale of a principal residence are non-taxable under the income tax regime in Canada. In comparison, 50% of capital gains from other investments (e.g., equities) realized in a year are taxed at income tax rates.”
— Frank Clayton
“Two studies have been done in Toronto looking at the role of housing with respect to children in care. Results of both studies indicate that the state of the family’s housing was a factor in one in five cases in which a child was temporarily admitted into care. Results from the Toronto research also indicate that, in one in 10 cases, housing status delayed the return home of a child from care.”
— Falvo, 2012
New Social Housing in
But Where Does This Leave Us?
Traditionally, two schools of thought:
Ex’s of Individual Risk Factors:
Examples of Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Entire Jurisdictions
Since early 1990s: convergence of opinions
1. Structural factors matter
2. Those most at risk tend to have individual risk factors
“Homeless people in their forties and fifties often develop health disabilities that are more commonly seen only in people who are decades older.”
—Dr. Stephen Hwang
29X Hep C
5X Heart Disease
→The mean age of death was 46 years.
→The mortality rate for homeless male youth 8X rate of of their non-homeless counterparts.
→Homeless men 9X more likely to be murdered than their housed counterparts.
→ Over half of all female street youth become pregnant.
→300 babies are born to homeless women each year in Toronto
— Throne Speech (Canada), Oct. 2013
My Definition (for the purpose of today’s class)
Providing a homeless person with immediate access to permanent housing.
The alternative to Housing First: the “treatment first” approach (also known as the “continuum of care” approach)—i.e. fix person’s behaviour (i.e. addictions, mental health, etc.) before giving them permanent housing.
Difference between HF and Treatment First
Based on slide from S.Tsemberis
No requirement for readiness to move directly to permanent housing
Client must demonstrate readiness for each step