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CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT. Prof. Santosh Kumar, Niational Institute of Disaster management. RISK. = HAZARD. CAPACITY. VULNERABILITY. X. DISASTER. WHY CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT ?. Hazard Risk & Vulnerability Reduction Cycle/Spiral- SK.

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capacity development

CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT

Prof. Santosh Kumar,

Niational Institute of Disaster management

slide2

RISK

=HAZARD

CAPACITY

VULNERABILITY

X

DISASTER

WHY CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT ?

slide3

Hazard Risk & Vulnerability Reduction Cycle/Spiral- SK

Development

+

Environment Sustainability

disaster scenario

non-disaster scenario

Planning

Rehabilitation

Planning

Re

C

Ov

E

R

y

Rehabilitation

Mitigation

Prevention

Mitigation

Mitigation

Hazard Risk and Vulnerability

Hazard Risk and Vulnerability Reduction

Mitigation

Reconstruction

Prevention

Reconstruction

Response

Response &

Relief

Preparedness

Preparedness

Disaster

Disaster

conventional approach
Conventional Approach

Disaster = Hazard

Focus: emergency management

alternative approach
Alternative Approach

Hazard people’s vulnerability

Focus : technical view point + socio-economic and political considerations

dominant approach
Dominant Approach
  • Isolated events
  • Responding to emergencies
  • Technical solutions
holistic approach
Holistic Approach
  • Combination of vulnerabilities and capacities
  • Relief and development paradigm
slide9
DISASTER MANAGEMENT IS A PUBLIC GOOD
  • HAVE PUBLIC POLICY ON CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT
  • HENCE PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS AT ALL LEVELS- LOCAL, STATE AND NATIONAL LEVELS IDENTIFIED AND STETHEN
what is capacity
WHAT IS CAPACITY ?

Capacity is simply the ways and means needed to do what has to be done. It is much broader than simply knowledge and skills.

what are the components of capacity
What are the COMPONENTS OF CAPACITY ?
  • Skills, knowledge, activities
  • Motivation and willingness
  • Ability to do proactive initiatives
  • Reasons to carry out the tasks given
    • Human
    • Financial
    • Infrastructure (building, equipment, access, policy)
    • Policy / regulatory permission
what is capacity development
What is CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT ?

Capacity Development refers to the approaches, strategies and methodologies used to improve performance at the individual, organizational, network at system level.

slide13

WHAT FOR CAPACITY DEVRLOPMENT

IMPROVED

PERFORMANCE AND

REDUCED RISKS

ENABLING

OBJECTIVES

PRESENT

PERFORMANCE

slide14

WELL-BEING INDEX

DISASTER

DISASTER

POVERTY LINE

HOUSEHOLD /INDIVIDUAL/INSTITUTIONS

CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT

29

slide15

LOW CAPACITY LINE

CAPACITY

LOW INVESTMENT

LOW PERFORMANCE/

loss

VICIOUS CYCLE OF

CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT

h

need for sustainable capacity development
Need for sustainable capacity development
  • Continuity of program for capacity development
  • Develop ownership to the sector / progress and emerging abilities to carry out initiatives
  • Support from the highest authority
  • Continuation cycle of planning, implements, assess and new skills / updating of the module and training system
  • Continuous adoptive approaches for changing circumstances.
relation between capacity building and hrd
Relation between capacity building and HRD.

Both these terms had overlapping definitions. The various ways to build capacity of the community. Some of these are:

  •   Training
  •   Knowledge management.
  •   Institutional Development
  • Awareness generation
  • Research
  • Creating an enabling environment
what is cd framework
What is CD FRAMEWORK ?

Multi-stakeholder

SOCIO-

CULURAL

AND

GEOGRPHICAL

BACKGROUD

Multi – Level

Multi-Hazard

slide20

ORGANISATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

HARD WARE & SOFTWARE

LOCAL LEVEL

FACULTY & STAFF DEVELOPMET

STATE LEVEL

RESOURCE DEVELOPMET

NATIONAL LVEL

NETWORKING/ KNOWLEDGE MGT

LEADERSHIP

what is the strategic framework
What is the STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK

This would broadly be divided in two parts:

(a) Education to cover school, college, university, technical, professional and informal education.

(b) Training to cover all relevant sectors and levels including training of communities.

capacity building of whom which individual which institution
CAPACITY BUILDING OF WHOM ? WHICH INDIVIDUAL ? WHICH INSTITUTION ?
  • Ministries /Authorities and state governments (A/K)
  • Government officers ( execution and operations)-all sectors K/S/A
  • Corporate officials ( as support providers) K/S/A
slide23
NGOs representatives ( operational level K/S)
  • Voluntary workers ( operational level/K/S)
  • Community ( Operational level K/S)
  • Individuals (operational level K/S)
strategy
Strategy
  • Create critical mass of professionals in all the sectors at the village, block, district and state levels which involves designing and and conducting of programmes.
  • Impart inputs of varying duration to a wide range of govt. functionaries by add on modules
total target for the capacity development
Total target for the capacity development ??
  • No. of trainees to be identified
  • TNA has to be conducted
  • No. of partner institutions to be networked
  • No. of trainers to be created
  • No. of areas to be identified
  • No. of modules to be developed
  • Sustainability of initiatives to be ensured
  • Resource allocation
methodlogy
METHODLOGY
  • Reach the un-reached functionaries at the cutting edge level- Patwari, village heath worker, constables by incorporating modules in the monthly meetings at the local level.
  • Build awareness and enhance the coping capacity of the communities at risk through appropriate training and technical information.
re training
Re-training

Updating knowledge and skills of persons already trained

disaster management hrd capacity building some issues
DISASTER MANAGEMENT HRD & CAPACITY BUILDING :SOME ISSUES
  • Organizational level
    • Inadequate instititutional arrangements for DM
    • Lack of coordinated and guided approach supported by suitable policies and plans for HRD
    • Limited linkages with the other stakeholders
    • Limited coordination between community-based organizations, scientific institutions, and the government;
dm hrd capacity building some sectoral issues
DM HRD & Capacity Building: Some sectoral Issues
  • Personal level
    • Inadequate education in disaster management
    • Inadequate attitudinal orientation towards disaster risk management
    • Inadequate high quality professional trainers for building mitigation
  • Infrastructural level
    • Inadequate focus for skill development
    • Inadequate infrastructure for DM training in the country (including existing institutions)
    • In the institutions, limited infrastructure available for skill development
slide30
CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT IS THE LOWEST PRIORY
  • INVISIBLE
  • DIFFICULT TO QUANTIFY AND ANALYSE IN THE FORMAT OF COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS
dm hrd capacity building some issues
DM HRD & Capacity Building: Some Issues
  • Research & Education systems
    • Disaster Mitigation is yet to penetrate into education system in India. A beginning in schooling and university/technical education is made.
    • Very few research work have been taken in this sector. Research is largely confined to the technical institutions only.
    • Research & documentation gets activated only after disaster strikes.
dm hrd capacity building some challanges
DM HRD & Capacity Building: Some challanges
  • Public awareness
    • Disaster events have become mechanisms for a short-lived public-awareness in India
    • Least spending by the stakeholders (different sectors) to educate public on risk mitigation
    • HRD and Capacity building has been always a low priority
challenge
CHALLENGE

PRECEDENCE VIS A VIS INNOVATION

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