The three nations
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The Three Nations. Mi’kmaq Anishinabe Haudenosaunee. Mi’kmaq. Mi’kmaq means “my brother” They farmed fresh water fish, hunted game and fished for eel and cod They lived close to the coast in summer and in the forest for winter so they could use the land wisely.

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The Three Nations

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The three nations

The Three Nations

  • Mi’kmaq

  • Anishinabe

  • Haudenosaunee


Mi kmaq

Mi’kmaq

  • Mi’kmaq means “my brother”

  • They farmed fresh water fish, hunted game and fished for eel and cod

  • They lived close to the coast in summer and in the forest for winter so they could use the land wisely.

  • The Mi’kmaq created canoes that could work in both the ocean and rivers. The canoes were built to handle large waves

  • Decisions were made by the Saqamaw. The Council of Elders advised the Saqamaw and a runner was sent to the Grand Council for a more permanent solution. The Grand Council was a council of all 7 districts of the Mi’kmaq Nation.


Mi kmaq1

men

the men participated in meetings

The men did the hunting and the fishing

women

young women were not allowed to participated in general meetings

The women set up the camp and tended the crops

Mi’kmaq


Anishinabe

Anishinabe

  • It means “the original people”

  • They had different camps for summers and winters

  • Anishinabe had different clans with their own responsibilities. In the clans people treated each other as family

  • The Midewin Society were people with gifts as spiritual leaders and healers. Once the people were chosen, they had to go through 8 levels of secret training. They used medicines to heal, interpret dreams, and shared sacred teachings and songs

  • Anishinabe people used canoes to harvest wild rice


Anishinabe1

Men

Were involved in the process of decision-making

Men hunted game

Women

Were involved in the process of decision-making

Women tended the garden (corn and beans)

Anishinabe


Haudenosaunee

Men

They could be members of the Hoyaneh

Men hunted game

Women

Women can become clan mothers

They could have a male leader replaced

Women planted, tended and harvested the crops

Women made the clothes

Haudenosaunee


Haudenosaunee1

Haudenosaunee

  • It means “people of the longhouse”

  • The people lived in permanent houses with up to 1500 people

  • Clan members live in a long house that had no windows but had holes in the roof that let in sunlight and let out the smoke

  • Farming was an important part of the society (corn, squash and beans)

  • Clan mothers are the women leaders that talk to the Hoyaneh (leaders of the Mohawk nation)

  • Dekanawidah (the peace maker) brought the Great Law of Peace to the people

  • The Great White Pine was a symbol for peace

  • The Haudenosaunee made baskets that washed corn to make soup


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