Getting at risk students off to a good start in grade nine
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Getting At-Risk Students Off to a Good Start in Grade Nine. Redesigning the Ninth-Grade Experience Reduce Failure, Improve Achievement and Increase High School Graduation Rates http://www.sreb.org/publications/2008/08V06_9th-grade_redesign.pdf. Gene Bottoms Senior Vice President

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Getting At-Risk Students Off to a Good Start in Grade Nine

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Getting at risk students off to a good start in grade nine

Getting At-Risk Students Off to a Good Start in Grade Nine

Redesigning the Ninth-Grade Experience

Reduce Failure, Improve Achievement and Increase High School Graduation Rates

http://www.sreb.org/publications/2008/08V06_9th-grade_redesign.pdf

Gene Bottoms

Senior Vice President

[email protected]


How to identify at risk students

How to Identify At-Risk Students

  • Look for those incoming ninth-grade students who:

    • have poor attendance

    • experienced repeated disciplinary problems

    • did not meet standards on the eighth-grade state assessment

    • failed one or more courses in grade eight (or failed the entire grade)

    • have repeated one or more grades

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Does your school need to redesign the ninth grade

Does your school need to redesign the ninth grade?

  • Survey

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Why are we concerned with reducing failure rates in the ninth grade

Why are we concerned with reducing failure rates in the ninth grade?

  • The failure rate in grade nine remains higher than the rate in any other grade level.

  • Students who are unprepared for high school and fail in the ninth grade are far less likely to graduate.

    • Nationally, at least 25 percent of students fail to complete high school.

    • Forty-five percent of dropouts reported that they entered high school unprepared for rigorous studies.

  • Each high school dropout costs a state between $3,000 and $5,000 per year.

  • After age 25, dropouts lose $10,000 each year in income.

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


What students need to be inspired to make the effort to succeed

What students need to be inspired to make the effort to succeed:

  • Goals developed through exploring career and educational options

  • A sense of their own value from the relationships developed with adults at their school through the teacher-adviser program

  • Clearly defined standards for quality work and adequate support to achieve these standards

  • An understanding of the relevance of curricular content and skills to their future

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Goals for a redesigned ninth grade experience

Goals for a Redesigned Ninth-Grade Experience

  • By the end of grade nine, students should:

    • complete college-preparatory English and Algebra I

    • declare a goal beyond high school that they can visualize and commit to achieve

    • establish a connection with an adult who will assist and support them throughout high school

    • develop effective study, relationship and time management skills and other habits of success

    • develop an understanding that, through smart effort, they can improve their achievement

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Components of an effective ninth grade redesign

Components of an Effective Ninth-Grade Redesign

  • Work with middle grades schools to orient students to high school life.

  • Provide a summer bridge program for students.

  • Establish a ninth-grade academy in which at-risk students take double periods of English and mathematics.

  • Enroll students in career exploratory courses.

  • Participate in a teacher-adviser program to help students receive extra help and set career and educational goals.

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Early orientation and preparation in the middle grades

Early Orientation and Preparation in the Middle Grades

  • What would an effective orientation and preparation in the middle grades look like?

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Early orientation and preparation in the middle grades1

Early Orientation and Preparation in the Middle Grades

  • Familiarize students with high school expectations.

  • Align the middle grades core academic curriculum, classroom assignments and assessments to high school readiness standards.

  • Send regular messages to and meet with parents and students.

  • Correct misinformation and alleviate students’ fear of high school.

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Summer bridge program

Summer Bridge Program

  • What are the characteristics of an effective summer bridge program?

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Summer bridge program1

Summer Bridge Program

  • Addresses specific academic deficits particularly in language arts, reading and mathematics

  • Assists students in acquiring coping, study, relationship and time management skills

  • Introduces students to the important role of high school in achieving their goals

    • Career exploration

  • Four to six weeks in length

  • Taught by the best 8th- and 9th-grade teachers

  • Uses an out-of-box approach to instruction

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


The grady approach

The Grady Approach

  • Attitudes Toward Learning (ATL)

    • Week-long summer program

    • Reviews English and math academic skills

    • Strengthens study skills

    • Provides team-building activities

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


The polytech approach

The POLYTECH Approach

  • Four-week summer program

    • Help students meet standards for college-preparatory English and Algebra I

    • Integrated instructional approach

      • CT teachers teach math with a hands-on, real-world approach

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Ninth grade academy

Ninth-Grade Academy

  • What makes an effective ninth-grade academy?

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Ninth grade academy1

Ninth-Grade Academy

  • Small learning communities

    • Quality teachers

  • Low student-to-teacher ratio

    • No higher than in other grade levels

  • Make best teachers team leaders

  • Strong leadership

  • Common time to plan interdisciplinary activities, project and themes

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


English catch up course

English Catch-Up Course

  • What would an effective reading/English catch-up course look like?

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


English catch up course1

English Catch-Up Course

  • Multi-day units designed around essential standards and literacy strategies

  • High-interest and grade-level reading content

  • Opportunities to apply communication skills

  • Intentional teaching of the reading, writing and study strategies students can use to succeed in all classes

  • Use of technology and software applications

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Mathematics catch up course

Mathematics Catch-Up Course

  • What would an effective mathematics catch-up course look like?

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Mathematics catch up course1

Mathematics Catch-Up Course

  • Multi-day standards-based units designed around essential knowledge and skills

  • Opportunities to apply algebra and pre-algebra skills to solve real-world problems

  • Opportunities for group learning

  • Use of technology

  • Varied classroom assignments

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


The parkview approach

The Parkview Approach

  • Enrolled 144 of 299 ninth-grade students in the math catch-up course in fall and Algebra I in spring.

    • Algebra I failure rate decreased by 25 percent

    • Percentage of white students above Proficient on Algebra I EOCT increased by 7 points and increased by 30 points for black students.

    • Achievement gap on Algebra I between white and black students decreased from 26 points to 4 points

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Career exploratory course

Career Exploratory Course

  • Why enroll students in a career exploratory course in grade nine?

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Career exploratory course1

Career Exploratory Course

  • What would a ninth-grade exploratory course that is designed to advance reading and mathematics achievement look like?

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Career exploratory course2

Career Exploratory Course

  • Utilizes technology

  • Blends rigorous academics in reading, writing, mathematics and science with career content

  • Requires students to apply academic learning to authentic projects typical of the career field

  • Develops the skills that employers desire of new employees

  • Provides opportunities to participate in job shadowing, tour local businesses and interview leaders in the career field

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Schedule

Schedule

  • What would a ninth-grade schedule aimed at catching up at-risk students and getting more students to meet grade-level standards look like?

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Schedule1

Schedule

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Guidance advisement and support

Guidance, Advisement and Support

  • Why is it important to connect each student to an adult adviser?

  • What would an adviser do?

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Guidance advisement and support1

Guidance, Advisement and Support

  • First line of defense against the disengagement that leads to dropping out

  • Advise 12-15 students and meet with them weekly to help them adjust to the demands of high school

  • Call parents when students are absent

  • Involve and train parents in supporting their children’s education

  • Ensure students’ work is meeting course standards

  • Connect students to extra help

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Guidance advisement and support2

Guidance, Advisement and Support

  • Why is it important to adopt a grading policy in which success is the only option?

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Guidance advisement and support3

Guidance, Advisement and Support

  • Failure does not motivate at-risk students.

  • If you fail the ninth grade, your chances of finishing high school are nominal.

  • Passing students who do not meet standards does little to help them.

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Guidance advisement and support4

Guidance, Advisement and Support

  • What conditions are necessary for a no-failure option?

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Guidance advisement and support5

Guidance, Advisement and Support

  • Implementation of a credit recovery program

    • A student who fails a course may use online or regular instruction during a study period or an elective period before or after school time or on Saturdays to pass the course.

  • Extra help and extra time built into the schedule

  • Teachers agree on what grade-level assignments and work looks like

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Guidance advisement and support6

Guidance, Advisement and Support

  • Implementation of and support for a no-zero policy

    • Give students an “I” (incomplete) instead of a D, F or zero

    • Sends the message that all work is important and must be completed at a certain standard

    • Teachers believe that success, not failure, motivates

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Getting started actions to take now

Getting Started:Actions to Take Now

  • How do you get started in achieving greater success in grade nine with at-risk students?

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Getting started actions to take now1

Getting Started:Actions to Take Now

  • Convene middle grades and high school leaders.

  • Develop policies and methods to track ninth-grade failure rates and student achievement.

  • Set target improvement goals.

  • Send teams of teachers to professional development.

  • Provide resources to modernize career/technical labs.

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


Getting started actions to take now2

Getting Started:Actions to Take Now

  • Establish a block schedule.

  • Create incentives for teachers to teach ninth-grade courses.

  • Encourage school and teacher leaders to visit schools implementing an effective redesign.

  • Urge teacher teams to meet.

  • Train teachers to serve as teacher-advisers.

Getting At-Risk Students off to a Good Start


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