Détente and the Collapse of Communism. Leonid Brezhnev (1906-1982). was a key actor in the ouster of Khrushchev emerged as the leader of the U.S.S.R. by the early-1970s. Brezhnev cracked-down on dissidents ( i. e. citizens who opposed the government). Andrey Sakharov.
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built-up the military
at the expense of
(wanted a navy as
large as the U.S.A.’s in order to avoid being humiliated again like the Cuban Missile Crisis)
The Nixon administrationentered into a dialogue with the Soviet Union aimed at easing the Cold War tension existing between the two countries.
He later visits Communist China (PRC).
The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in December (SALT). 1979
and got bogged-down in a Viet Nam style war.
Lech Walesa Soviet economy.
He tried to face the problems openly:
1. perestroika - restructuring of the economy
2. glasnost - openness in cultural and political affairs
1. had problems
2. sought aid and solutions from both internal and external sources.
-gained great popularity
-was elected president of Russia