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World History I. Unit Five Block Three Lecture The influence of Greek geography (generally and on religion).

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world history i

World History I

Unit Five Block ThreeLecture

The influence of Greek geography (generally and on religion)


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the sea is ancient greece
The sea is ancient Greece

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  • Homer is a blind poet from the Dorian or Greek Dark Ages (1100 to 700 BCE/BC) who tells us about the Greeks and the Sea
  • Homer tell us of a two part epic about the sea
    • Iliad– The hero travels to the Trojan war by boat
    • Odyssey – The hero tries to travel home by boat
  • This ancient tale shows the strong ties of the Greeks to the sea.
the benefits of living by the sea
The benefits of living by the sea

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  • Allows for the cultural diffusion of Hellenic (Greek) civilization to Egypt
  • Fosters a seafaring and trading tradition (exemplified in Homer’s poems)
  • Leads to a change from a barter economy to a monetary based economy
  • Leads to the development of naval power (Athenian Navy)
the land not so good
The Land (not so good)

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  • Limited arable land and dry climate
  • Fosters the development of semi-isolated city-states (Athens and Sparta)
  • Inhibits the unification of Hellenic civilization under one government or ruler until Phillip of Macedonia conquers the Balkan Peninsula (359 BCE/BC)
  • Requires colonization of eastern Mediterranean basin to support a growing population
greek mythology the basics
Greek Mythology – the basics

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  • Mythology is defined as a rich collection of stories about the exploits of gods and goddesses that sought to explain natural phenomena and life events
  • Mythological Greek gods and goddesses represented a human, natural and/or spiritual quality
  • Greek Mythology is incorporated into western culture (art and literature) primarily through its adoption by Roman civilization
greek mythology the specifics
Greek Mythology – the specifics

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  • Greek Mythology is polytheistic
  • Greek gods and goddesses reside at Mt. Olympus
  • The major deities are:
    • Zeus
    • Hera
    • Athena
    • Aphrodite
    • Artemis
    • Apollo
    • Poseidon
    • Hades and
    • Persephone
the power of greek mythology
The power of Greek mythology

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Parthenon (temple to Athena built at the top of the Acropolis in Athens)

  • Sculpture
  • Phidias statue of Athena

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