World history i
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World History I. Unit Five Block Three Lecture The influence of Greek geography (generally and on religion).

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World History I

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World history i

World History I

Unit Five Block ThreeLecture

The influence of Greek geography (generally and on religion)

World history i

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The sea is ancient greece

The sea is ancient Greece

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  • Homer is a blind poet from the Dorian or Greek Dark Ages (1100 to 700 BCE/BC) who tells us about the Greeks and the Sea

  • Homer tell us of a two part epic about the sea

    • Iliad– The hero travels to the Trojan war by boat

    • Odyssey – The hero tries to travel home by boat

  • This ancient tale shows the strong ties of the Greeks to the sea.

The benefits of living by the sea

The benefits of living by the sea

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  • Allows for the cultural diffusion of Hellenic (Greek) civilization to Egypt

  • Fosters a seafaring and trading tradition (exemplified in Homer’s poems)

  • Leads to a change from a barter economy to a monetary based economy

  • Leads to the development of naval power (Athenian Navy)

The land not so good

The Land (not so good)

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  • Limited arable land and dry climate

  • Fosters the development of semi-isolated city-states (Athens and Sparta)

  • Inhibits the unification of Hellenic civilization under one government or ruler until Phillip of Macedonia conquers the Balkan Peninsula (359 BCE/BC)

  • Requires colonization of eastern Mediterranean basin to support a growing population

Greek mythology the basics

Greek Mythology – the basics

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  • Mythology is defined as a rich collection of stories about the exploits of gods and goddesses that sought to explain natural phenomena and life events

  • Mythological Greek gods and goddesses represented a human, natural and/or spiritual quality

  • Greek Mythology is incorporated into western culture (art and literature) primarily through its adoption by Roman civilization

Greek mythology the specifics

Greek Mythology – the specifics

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  • Greek Mythology is polytheistic

  • Greek gods and goddesses reside at Mt. Olympus

  • The major deities are:

    • Zeus

    • Hera

    • Athena

    • Aphrodite

    • Artemis

    • Apollo

    • Poseidon

    • Hades and

    • Persephone

The power of greek mythology

The power of Greek mythology

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Parthenon (temple to Athena built at the top of the Acropolis in Athens)

  • Sculpture

  • Phidias statue of Athena

Fake! (Nashville TN) … But Cool!


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