Infancy childhood
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Infancy & Childhood. Unit 4 Lesson 2. Objectives. Review early development Identify stages of infant motor & language dvpt . Examine relationship between attachment and development Analyze critical periods by looking at a case study. Warm Up.

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Infancy childhood

Infancy & Childhood

Unit 4

Lesson 2


Objectives

Objectives

  • Review early development

  • Identify stages of infant motor & language dvpt.

  • Examine relationship between attachment and development

  • Analyze critical periods by looking at a case study


Warm up

Warm Up

  • Identify one thing you learned about prenatal/neonatal…

    • Physical dvpt

    • Sensory dvpt

    • Social dvpt


Homework review

Homework Review

  • Which decade was the easiest?

  • Which decade was the most difficult?

  • What words are most commonly associated with particular decades? Why?


Infancy

Infancy

  • Motor Development

    • Increasing coordination of muscles for physical mvmt

  • Maturation:

    • Genetically programmed growth & dvpt


Activity place abilities in order from 1 8

Activity: Place abilities in order from 1-8

  • Walks alone; says several words

  • Turns head to follow moving object

  • Climbs stairs; says many words

  • Laces shoes

  • Sits alone for 1 min; says “da-da”

  • Puts on shoes

  • Runs; uses simple word combinations

  • Walks while holding onto something


Activity answers

Activity Answers

  • Turns head to follow moving object (2m)

  • Sits alone for 1 min; says “da-da” (9m)

  • Walks while holding onto something (1y)

  • Walks alone; says several words (1y 3m)

  • Climbs stairs; says many words (1y 6m)

  • Runs; uses simple word combinations (2y)

  • Puts on shoes (3y)

  • Laces shoes (4y)


Motor milestones

Motor Milestones

  • Dvpt Norms (median age)…

    • Lift head: 2 m

    • Roll over: 3 m

    • Prop Up: 4 m

    • Sit Alone: 5.5 m

    • Stand w/Help: 7 m

    • Crawl/Creep: 7-12 m

    • Stand Alone: 12 m

    • Walk: 12-15 m

    • Walk backward: 14 m

    • Steps: 17 m

Avery’s Motor Milestones P.Pt


Language

Language

  • Learned, systematic code that enables us to communicate meaningful ideas.

  • 5 Forms: Reading, Writing, Gesturing, Signing, Speaking


Language1

Receptive Language:

Learning to listen and understand language

Expressive Language:

Learning to speak and use language

Language


Language theories

NativistTheory

Language Acquisition Device: Noam Chomsky said we are predisposed to acquire language

Learning Theory

B.F. Skinner: Kids learn language through observation and imitation of parents

Language Theories

Mix: Eric Lenneberg said language is inborn, but must be learned during critical period (18m– Puberty) and is influenced by environment.


Language milestones

Language Milestones

  • 0-1 m CRY

  • 2 m COO

  • 5-7 m BABBLE

  • 12 m WORD

  • 18 m OVEREXTENSION

  • 2 y TELEGRAPHIC

  • 3 y TENSE

  • 4-6 y SENTENCES, QUESTIONING

  • 7-9 y MULTIPLE MEANING

  • Continues to expand thru life


Critical periods

Critical Periods

  • Period during which certain skills or behaviors must be acquired. If not, learned with great difficulty or not learned at all.

  • Konrad Lorenz

    • Baby Geese & Imprinting

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2UIU9XH-mUI&p=28B409BFB6FF150C&index=17&feature=BF


Social dvpt

Social Dvpt

  • Attachment

    • Close bond b/t infants & caregivers

  • Harry Harlow

    • Monkey’s & Surrogate Moms

    • Contact comfort – physical closeness w/caregiver

      • Preferred security to food

    • Abnormal behaviors if raised in isolation

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tlJS8LeLWjs&feature=related


Social dvpt1

Social Dvpt

  • Attachment Styles

    • Mary Ainsworth’s Strange Situation

    • Secure – infant seeks proximity, contact, & interaction w/caregiver

    • Insecure – infant cannot be calmed or ignores the caregiver after the separation

      • Anxious-Ambivalent

      • Avoidant

  • Separation Anxiety – (6/8m – 14/18m)

    • Emotional distress when separated from people they’re attached to

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SHP_NikTkao


Isolation in humans

Isolation in Humans

  • Feral Children

    • Raised in wild

    • Victor

  • Institutionalized Children

    • Foster vsInstitutions

  • Cases of Abuse

    • Raised in near total isolation

    • Genie


Genie wild child reading

Genie- Wild Child Reading

  • 1970 LA social workers found neglected and abused 13 yr old suffering from physical, cognitive, social impairments. Having missed critical periods, could she learn to walk, talk?


Closure

Closure

  • Explain attachment and identify one psychologist & their contribution to this area of study.


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