Jeremiah Day & “The Yale Faculty Report of 1828”. Sarah Bernstein. Jeremiah Day. Connecticut native, born August, 1773 Graduated from Yale College class of 1795 Appointed as a tutor at Williams College before taking a tutoring position at Yale in 1798
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Higher education was a controversial topic in the 19th century.
Issues of controversy included :
Church vs. State control
Value of college vs. university
Classical curriculum vs. the principle of election
The third issue became the focus of Jeremiah Day’s influential work “The Yale Faculty report of 1828” which was written in defense of the classical curriculum. (Yale was seen as the central stronghold of the conservative view.)
This interest in change was brought on by the Industrial Revolution and increase of agriculture in the 1800s. Advocates of change wanted colleges to better prepare men for life: banking, farming, industry, etc. (i.e. VOCATIONAL education learn one trade)
Yale report fought for the classical curriculum to create the “truly educated man”
Education = parental control; so that students would behave well without supervision from home
Mental discipline to make it through tough times
Exercise man’s mental facilities don’t just think about WHY, but HOW?
Proper character; make a man a gentleman
Defense specifically of classical languages (Greek & Latin)
Mainly concerned with the process of education, not just the end result
The report had 2 sections
Day, as President, would have known the bottom line in college management: survival & welfare of the institution
Kingsley taught Latin and Greek
Authors’ Personal Influence on the Document
Liberal education was used as a moral process to develop men into well rounded citizens author’s own background
Yale remains a liberal arts college with many disciplines to round out education with specific distribution requirementsHave times changed?
The faculty of Yale in 1828 were “well persuaded, that our students are not so deficient in intellectual powers as they sometimes profess to be…
“Faculties will resist new initiatives that are so large or so visible that failure could diminish the prestige of the institution or impair it’s ability to attract able students and talented professors.”
-Derek Bok, Higher Learning (Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1988)
Elements that would have added to the argument:
Statistics on the number of classes versus electives allowed in a course load
Opinions of Yale students at the time
Tone/language of the piece: