The cold war 1945 1960
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The Cold War (1945-1960). [Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw0786.gif]. With the impending defeat of Germany, the Allies needed to plan for the post-war period. [Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw0903.gif].

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The Cold War (1945-1960)

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The cold war 1945 1960

The Cold War(1945-1960)


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw0786.gif]


With the impending defeat of germany the allies needed to plan for the post war period

With the impending defeat of Germany, the Allies needed to plan for the post-war period.

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw0903.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

The Yalta Conference (February 1945) was an effort on the part of the Allies to determine the future of Germany.


The cold war 1945 1960

The Big Three Allies agreed to the creation of the United Nations at Yalta. Delegates from 50 nations met in San Francisco to adopt a charter.

[Image source: http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/department/history/site/images/UN3.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

In April 1945, following the death of FDR, Vice president Harry S. Truman assumed became president of the United States.

[Image source: http://www.srmason-sj.org/web/temple-files/hall-of-honor/TRUMAN.JPG]


The cold war 1945 1960

Even with the creation of the United Nations in 1945, there was a lot of tension between the winners of WWII.

[Image source: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/imagebank/unlogo.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw0983.gif]


Josef stalin wanted germany to pay reparations for causing the second world war

Josef Stalin wanted Germanyto pay reparations for causing the Second World War.


The united nations held its first meeting in san francisco during january 1946

The United Nations held its first meeting in San Francisco during January 1946.

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1031.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

The Five permanent members onthe Security Council were the United States, the Soviet Union, Nationalist China, Great Britain, and France.

[Image source: http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/united-nations-security-council-3.jpg]


President truman wanted the people of poland to have elections and choose their form of government

President Truman wanted the people of Poland to have elections and choose their form of government.


Uncle joe said nyet

Uncle Joe said Nyet!

[Image source: http://xroads.virginia.edu/~1930s/PRINT/Life/life_joshmary/life_web/stalin.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

After losing more than 20 million people, Russia was determined to build satellite nations on their borders that were friendly to Communism.

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw0468.jpg]


Josef stalin refused to cooperate with new agencies like the world bank and

Josef Stalin refused to cooperate with new agencies like the World Bank and . . .

[Image source: http://www.colorado.edu/hazards/o/maro99/bank.gif]


The international monetary fund

. . . the International Monetary Fund.

[Image source: http://www.newint.org/issue312/Images/imf.GIF]


The cold war 1945 1960

These goals were at odds with each other. The Soviet Union helped create communist governments in: Yugoslavia, Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia.


The result of these differences was a divided europe

The result of these differences was a divided Europe.

[Image source: America Pathways to the Present, page 743.]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://www.dhm.de/lemo/objekte/pict/Nachkriegsjahre_karteBesatzungszonen/index.jpg]


In february of 1946 stalin predicted that communism would triumph over capitalism

In February of 1946 Stalin predicted that communism would triumph over capitalism.

[Image source: http://members.surfeu.at/horvath/stalin.htm]


The cold war 1945 1960

Stalin established the Cominform, a Soviet agency intended to direct and co-ordinate the activities of Communist parties around the world.

[Image source: http://rocinante.colorado.edu/~mnowak/TICK/rscare.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://oldwww.nvg.ntnu.no/songs/arve_hjalmars/jwayne.gif]

Them sound like fightin words to me!


Winston churchill declared in a that an iron curtain had descended across europe

Winston Churchill declared ina that an Iron Curtain had descended across Europe.


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://www.johndclare.net/images/Iron_Curtain.jpg]


Churchill s iron curtain speech was given at westminster college in fulton mo in march of 1946

Churchills Iron Curtain speech was given at Westminster College in Fulton, MO, in March of 1946.

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1094.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://hrsbstaff.ednet.ns.ca/bkhan/Global%20History%2012/Activities/iron%20curtain.JPG]


These speeches set the tone for the cold war a period of ideological conflict and proxy wars

These speeches set the tone for the Cold War: A period of ideological conflict and proxy wars.

[Image source: http://www.reconnections.net/shadowboxing.jpg]


Fears of civil war in india february 1946

Fears of civil war in India(February 1946)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1053.gif]


A bomb explodes at the king david hotel in jerusalem july 1946

A bomb explodes at the King David Hotel in Jerusalem(July 1946)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1115.gif]


Britain prevents jewish refugees from arriving in palestine july 1946

Britain prevents Jewish refugees from arriving in Palestine(July 1946)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1127.gif]


Nehru elected prime minister of india september 1946

Nehru elected Prime Minister of India(September 1946)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1135.gif]


Discussions held on india s constitution november 1946

Discussions held on India's constitution(November 1946)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1181.gif]


Israel proclaims its independence may 1948

Israel proclaims its independence(May 1948)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1424.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

In a secret telegram to the State Dept in 1946, Ambassador George Kennan outlined a policy of containment.


The cold war 1945 1960

Containment is the policy of attempting to prevent the spread of communism by quarantining (isolating) it.

[Image source: http://www.ibiblio.org/Dave/Dr-Fun/collections/bac/bac-085.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

He said that if Communism couldnt demonstrate its superiority in Russia, people would find a different ideology.


The cold war 1945 1960

When Stalin threatened the stability of Greece and Turkey, the United States decided Enough is enough!

[Image source: http://www.trumanlibrary.org/teacher/europe1a.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

US gave $400 million in aid to Greece and Turkey. We also set up military bases in each country. Containment and the Truman Doctrine guided US foreign policy during the Cold War for 45 years.


The cold war 1945 1960

Undersecretary of State Dean Acheson stated what everyone already knew: Only two great powers remain in the world, the United States and the Soviet Union.


The cold war 1945 1960

In March of 1947, President Truman committed the United States to support free people everywhere in resisting communism.

[Image source: http://www.soldatini.org/images/recensioni/wa004_1.jpg]


This became known as the truman doctrine

Back off, or therell be big trouble!

This became known as the Truman Doctrine.

[Image source: http://www.smh.com.au/ffxImage/urlpicture_id_1058034877314_2003/07/13/unclesam.jpg]


The national security act of 1947

The National Security Act of 1947

  • Department of Defense (DoD)

  • Air Force (USAF)

  • Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS)

  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

  • National Security Council (NSC)

    We were slowly returning to a war-time mentality.


The cold war 1945 1960

In June 1947, Secretary of State George Marshall outlined his plan for rebuilding Europe following World War II.


The soviet union rejects the marshall plan july 1947

The Soviet Union Rejects the Marshall Plan(July 1947)

[Image source http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1271.gif]


Seventeen western nations joined the plan russia and its allies did not participate

You dont like the Marshall Plan comrade?

Seventeen Western Nations joined the plan. Russia and its allies did not participate.

NYET!


The cold war 1945 1960

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov believed the Marshall Plan was a vicious American scheme for using dollars to buy its way in European affairs.

[Image source: http://digilander.libero.it/secondaguerra/molotov.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://www.charleslipson.com/Images/Stalin-Marshall-Plan-cartoon.jpg]


Congress approved the marshall plan in 1948

Congress approved the Marshall Plan in 1948.

[Image source: http://www.marshallfoundation.org/ECA_org_chart_1949.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

Known as the European Recovery Program, it sent some $13 billion in grants and loans to Western Europe.

[Image source: http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/marshall/p4647.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://www.ncpa.org/~ncpa/pd/gif/gdptbl.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://www.library.auckland.ac.nz/subjects/dev_stud/images/marshall.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://wps.ablongman.com/wps/media/objects/1483/1518969/DIVI594.jpg]


Gandhi is assassinated doctors oppose the setting up of the national health service january 1948

Gandhi is assassinated; Doctors oppose the setting up of the National Health Service(January 1948)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1372.gif]


Communists seized czechoslovakia in february 1948

Communists seized Czechoslovakia in February 1948


The cold war 1945 1960

As tensions rose, Stalin tightened the USSRs hold on EastGermany and isolating West Germany (US controlled.)


The cold war 1945 1960

The German city of Berlin was divided into a Russian-controlled sector and a sector controlled by Britain, France, and theUnited States.

[Image source: http://www.foothill.fhda.edu/divisions/unification/images/berlin.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

On 24th June 1948, Russia closed off Western Berlin when American, British, and French leaders merged their zones of control.

[Image source: http://www.cs.utah.edu/~hatch/images/europe/checkpoint.charlie.jpg]


The soviet union stops road and rail traffic to berlin april 1948

The Soviet Union stops road and rail traffic to Berlin(April 1948)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1409.gif]


The berlin airlift begins june 1948

The Berlin airlift begins(June 1948)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1467.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

The US supplied West Berlin with food, medicine, and all other materials for 2.5 million people by air for 15 months. This was known as the Berlin Airlift.

[Image source: http://college.hmco.com/history/west/mosaic/chapter16/images/airlift.jpg]


The berlin airlift continues september 1948

The Berlinairlift continues(September 1948)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1490.gif]


Trouble continues in palestine january 1949

Trouble continues in Palestine(January 1949)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1549.gif]


The berlin airlift continues february 1949

The Berlin Airlift Continues(February 1949)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1566.gif]


Plans for nato published march 1949

Plans for NATO published(March 1949)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1580.gif]


India become republics april 1949

India become republics(April 1949)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1594.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

During the summer of 1949 Western nations made a bid for collective security when they created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

[Image source: http://www.wwnorton.com/worlds/images/map11_3.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

The US seemed prepared to handle Russia with NATO, the UN, and the Truman Doctrine, but in 1949 the Communists made several advances.


George orwell s nineteen eighty four is published june 1949

George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-four is published(June 1949)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1611.gif]


East germany established october 1949

East Germany established(October 1949)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1670.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

Problems continue when China falls to the Communist forces of Mao Zedong. The United States subsequently blocked their entry into the UN.

[Image source: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/china/images/mao-zedong-3.jpg]


North korea invades south korea june 1950

North Korea invades South Korea(June 1950)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1772.gif]


Britain sends troops to korea to serve with the united nations july 1950

Britain sends troops to Korea to serve with the United Nations(July 1950)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1776.gif]


China enters the korean war november 1950

China enters the Korean War(November 1950)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1807.gif]


North korean advance stopped by the un january 1951

North Korean advance stopped by the UN(January 1951)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1824.gif]


Iran nationalizes its oil industry march 1951

Iran nationalizes its oil industry(March 1951)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1854.gif]


A truce is signed between north and south korea november 1951

A truce is signed between North and South Korea(November 1951)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw1899.gif]


The korean truce holds december 1951

The Korean truce holds(December 1951)

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw2913.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

In 1955, in response to NATO, the Soviet Union formed the Warsaw Pact,a political, economic, and military alliance comprising the nations in Eastern Europe.

[Image source: http://www.wwnorton.com/worlds/images/map11_3.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

Belgium

Canada

Denmark

France

Great Britain

Iceland

Italy

Luxembourg

Norway

Portugal

United States

Greece

Turkey

West Germany

Albania

Bulgaria

Czechoslovakia

East Germany

Hungary

Poland

Romania

Soviet Union (USSR)


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://astro.temple.edu/~barbday/Europe66/resources/images/coldwar.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://www.nato.int/multi/interactive-maps/dl_map_en.html]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://www.brahler-ics.co.uk/images/infracom-nato.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

President Harry Truman officially recognized Israel as a country in 1948, complicating our foreign policy with Arab nations.

[Image source: http://www.routledge.com/textbooks/0415236614/resources/maps/map71.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed for espionage after being convicted of divulging secrets of our atomic weapons to the Russians.

[Image source: http://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/targets/images/pho/t304/T304779A.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

America became paranoid. Truman began a Loyalty Program with FBI background checks, loyalty oaths, and a Loyalty Review Board.

Are you lookin at me?


The cold war 1945 1960

Congress created the House Un-American Activities Committee which investigated charges of disloyalty. Many Hollywood stars were accused of Commie connections. Humphrey Bogart and Shirley Temple were two of them.


Bogart denied involvement with communist party

Bogart denied involvement with communist party.


The cold war 1945 1960

America had become the police state that they feared Communists wanted to create! Many lives were destroyed with false accusations.

[Image source: http://www.perthimc.asn.au/storyuploads/1999/follow.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

State Department employee Alger Hiss was accused of spying for Russia and spent four years in prison.

[Image source: http://www.wilsonsalmanac.com/images1/hiss.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://www.sorvarangerfilmklubb.com/graphics/movies/1983/alger_hiss.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

Image source: http://www.wilsonsalmanac.com/toons/jan25_hiss_an.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://photos1.blogger.com/img/180/2169/640/duckandcover.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/sage/images/duckandcover.gif]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://www.piedmontcommunities.us/go/388/FSLO-1020538503-494388.jpeg]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://indyweek.com/durham/2002-04-03/cover2-1.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://www.thetalentshow.org/images/Fami0210.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://libwww.syr.edu/digital/exhibits/c/cartoonists/wall/21.jpg]


The cold war 1945 1960

[Image source: http://cairsweb.llgc.org.uk/images/ilw1/ilw4277.gif]


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