Capitalization
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Capitalization. Mrs. Rachel Miller 6 th Grade Language Arts Herndon Magnet School. People and Cultures. Names and Initials Capitalize people’s names and initials O prah W infrey, J ohn F . K ennedy, R achel M iller Personal Titles and Abbreviations

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Capitalization

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Capitalization

Capitalization

Mrs. Rachel Miller

6th Grade Language Arts

Herndon Magnet School


People and cultures

People and Cultures

  • Names and Initials

    • Capitalize people’s names and initials

      • Oprah Winfrey, John F. Kennedy, Rachel Miller

  • Personal Titles and Abbreviations

    • Capitalize titles and abbreviations of titles that are used before names or in direct address.

      • Senator John Bullworth, Capt. Jack Sparrow

      • Is my kitten going to be okay, Doctor?


People and cultures1

People and Cultures

  • Capitalize the abbreviations of some titles when they follow a name.

    • Jamie Crawford, M.D., Fred Jones, Sr.

  • Capitalize titles of heads of state, royalty, or nobility only when they are used before persons’ names or in place or persons’ names.

    • Surgeon General David Satcher, Queen Elizabeth


People and cultures2

People and Cultures

  • Do not capitalize titles when they are used without a proper name.

    • The queen officially opened the ceremonies.

  • Family Relationships

    • Capitalize words indicating family relationships only when they are used as names or before names.

      • Aunt Lauren, Cousin Hayes

  • In general, do not capitalize a family relationship word when it follows the person’s name or is used without a proper name.

    • I dreamed my uncle was King Arthur.


People and cultures3

People and Cultures

  • Always capitalize the pronoun I.

  • Religious Terms

    • Capitalize the names of religions, sacred days, sacred writings, and deities.

      • Christianity, Good Friday, Bible, God

  • Do not capitalize the words god and goddess when they refer to gods of ancient mythology.

  • Zeus is a god. He is not God.


People and cultures4

People and Cultures

  • Capitalize the names of nationalities, languages, races, and most ethnic groups, and the adjectives formed from those names.

    • German, Spanish, Asian American, Jewish


First words and titles

First Words and Titles

  • Sentences and Poetry

    • Capitalize the first word of every sentence!

    • In poetry, capitalize the first word of every line.

  • Quotations

    • Capitalize the first word of a direct quotation if it is a complete sentence.

      • Shakespeare was the first to write, “What’s in a name?”

    • In a divided quotation, do not capitalize the first word of the second part unless it starts a new sentence.

      • “I have a name for my new kitten,” said Sara. “It’s going to be Kitty!”

      • “Maybe you should think of another name,” Mom said, “since that was the name of your last two cats.”


First words and titles1

First Words and Titles

  • Parts of a Letter

    • Capitalize the first word in the greeting and in the closing of a letter.

      • Dear Mr. Murphy, Dear Sir, Sincerely

  • Titles

    • Capitalize the first word, last word, and all important words in a title. Don’t capitalize articles (a, an, the), conjunctions (FANBOYS), or prepositions (of, for, from, etc) of fewer than five letters.


Titles

Titles


Places and transportation

Places and Transportation

  • In geographical names, capitalize each word except articles and prepositions.


Places and transportation1

Places and Transportation

  • Bodies of the Universe

    • Capitalize the names of planets and other specific objects in the universe.

      • Mercury, Big Dipper, Jupiter

  • Regions and Sections

    • Capitalize the words north, south, east, and west when they name particular regions of the United States or the world or when they are parts of proper names.

      • Winters are cold in the Northeastern part of the country.

  • Do not capitalize NSEW when they indicate general directions or locations!

    • Texas is west of Louisiana.


Places and transportation2

Places and Transportation

  • Buildings, Bridges, and Other Landmarks

    • Capitalize the names of specific buildings, bridges, monuments, and other landmarks.

      • Empire State Building, Lincoln Memorial

  • Planes, Trains, and Other Vehicles

    • Capitalize the names of specific airplanes, trains, ships, cars, and spacecraft.

      • Titanic, Honda, Camaro, Endeavor


Organizations and other subjects

Organizations and Other Subjects

  • Organizations and Institutions

    • Capitalize all important words in the names of organizations, institutions, stores, and companies.

      • Herndon Magnet School, Target, American Cancer Society, National Honor Society

  • Historical Events, Periods, and Documents

    • Capitalize the names of historical events, periods, and documents.

      • Revolutionary War, Ice Age, Declaration of Independence


Organizations and other subjects1

Organizations and Other Subjects

  • Time Abbreviations and Calendar Items

    • Capitalize the abbreviations B.C., A.D., A.M., and P.M.

    • Capitalize the names of months, days, and holidays but not the seasons.

      • December, Labor Day, Friday, fall, winter

  • Special Events, Awards, and Brand Names

    • Capitalize the names of special events and awards.

      • the World Series, the Grammy Awards

  • Capitalize the brand name of a product but not a common noun that follows the brand name.

    • Doritos potato chips, Oreo cookies


References

References

  • McDougal Littell, Inc.. Language Network. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, Inc., 2001.\


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