Vietnam War. Background. Communism. Economic system Government control of property and resources Single political leader No individual rights. Domino Theory.
The idea that America should keep communism “contained” and not allow it to spread to any more areas in the world
League for the Independence of Vietnam. Vietnamese who supported the liberation of Vietnam from French control and unification of Vietnam
The military wing of the North Vietnamese communist forces
Political wing of the North Vietnamese push for unification of Vietnam
January 2, 1963
January 2, 1963
January 2, 1963
First Buddhist Monk to commit self-immolation
June 11, 1963
Graphic disturbing images follow. Look away if you might be offended.
Sworn in on Air Force One by Judge Sarah T. Hughes
Aerial bombings of North Vietnam which began in March of 1965
The U.S. wished to avoid a
ground war in the mountainous
jungle terrain of Vietnam
Gen. William Momyer, 7th Air Force commander, meets with President Johnson
LBJ boasted, “I won’t let those Air Force generals bomb the smallest outhouse without checking with me.”
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
At first, bombing missions were not allowed in areas around Hanoi or Haiphong
Bombing raids authorized farther north later in 1965 and 1966
U.S. Infantry disembarks
Lt. Col. Moore checks VC casualties
C 123 “Supplier” of Agent Orange
Service Patch awarded for flying Agent Orange “Ranch Hand” missions
of Agent Orange
My Lai Memorial at the site of the massacre
Students would pick public businesses or college campuses and simply sit there in protest of the war. Made national news as they were dragged out by police.
Those who favored the war
Those who favored peace
LBJ announced that he would not run for reelection, mainly because of the war in Vietnam. The 1968 election was highly turbulent as Americans protested and debated the war. Eventually, it would be Richard Nixon that emerges as the “peace” candidate and wins.
Youth International Party. Young American anti-war protesters who wanted to go the Democratic Convention in 1968 to protest by nominating a pig named “Pigasus” for president and then eating him. Similar to the Hippies in that they wanted free love and peace in Vietnam.
U.S. attorney general who decides to run for president after LBJ announces he was not running for a 2nd term. He was assassinated in 1968 after giving a speech at a hotel.
Ran as a 3rd party candidate in the 1968 election. He took away enough votes from the Democrats to allow Nixon to win the election.
Quaker. Republican. Ran against JFK in 1960 and lost an extremely close election. He wins the presidency in 1968 and is reelected in 1972. Despite his promises to seek peace, Nixon secretly widened the war in Vietnam into neighboring countries and continually bombed N. Vietnam.
lowered the voting age to 18. People felt that if you were old enough to die for the nation at age 18, you should have the right to vote.
V. THE END OF THE WAR
Nixon’s Secretary of State. Kissinger was responsible for helping to ease tensions between the U.S., China and the Soviet Union. He was also involved in negotiating the peace settlement in Vietnam.
Over 200 B-52 bombers flew round-the-clock missions for 11 days. Over 40,000 tons of bombs were dropped. Over 2000 killed with sufficient collateral damaged to DRVN.
Nixon’s approval rate fell to 39%, world leaders denounced the bombings, and we were forced back to negotiations with DRVN representatives.
Became the President after Nixon’s resignation. Ford would order the remaining U.S. troops out of Vietnam.
Even though the peace terms called for 2 separate nations, VC forces overran Saigon even as the last U.S. troops departed with refugees. We weren’t even gone yet, and the North had taken over South Vietnam.
Prisoners of war. Hundreds of U.S. soldiers had been captured and detained by VC forces. Some had been tortured and executed before being returned at the end of the war.
Missing in Action. Hundreds of U.S. soldiers were unaccounted for at the end of the war. We weren’t sure if they had been killed, captured, deserted, or something else.
A law designed to limit a president’s ability to wage war without congressional approval. 1) Required president to notify Congress within 48 hours after deployment of troops, including reasons for and the expected length of the mission.
2) Limit to 60 days without congressional approval. 3) Congress can demand that the President bring the troops home.